THE LIFE GUIDE
In the age of bloody civil war,
2,500 years ago,
a Chinese military commander,
strategist and philosopher emerged,
his name Sun Tzu.
After successfully defending the state of Wu,
against its neighbor Chu to the west,
a book formerly known as master Sun’s military methods was born,
which has later become known as The Art of War.
The Art of War is the most influential treatise
on war ever written,
consisting of 13 chapters,
each of which is devoted to one aspect of warfare.
It’s shaped the way
in which conflicts have been for thousands of years,
from the Japanese samurai to the Napoleonic war.
Not only has the book influence military commanders
and generals all over the world,
it has had resounding effects on politics,
体育 商业 都有着巨大而深远的影响
sports and business to this day.
“The Art of War is of vital importance to the state.
It is a matter of life and death,
a road either to safety or to ruin.
Hence it is a subject of inquiry
which can on no account be neglected.”
Sun Tzu has a holistic philosophy
that if you follow correctly and study thoroughly,
you will be victorious.
Sun Tzu says,
用兵时 避其锐气 击其惰归
“Avoid what is strong and strike at what is weak.”
Sun Tzu is a strong believe that winning the war,
with as little unnecessary combat as possible,
is the key to true victory.
“Supreme excellence consists in breaking the enemy’s resistance without fighting.”
“And the key to doing so is to know your enemy well.
If your opponent is arrogant,
pretend to be weak,
so he will underestimate you.
If he was relaxing, attack and give him no rest.
If his forces are united, separate them.”
Sun Tzu is essentially saying
that if you know your opponent’s weaknesses
and how to exploit them,
you will never lose.
So at dawn the hopeless Athenians do the unthinkable.
They attacked the weary persons
as they disembarked a ship on shaky legs
after a month at sea.
They attack before they can establish their war camp
and supply their soldiers.
Sun Tzu says,
“If you know the enemy and know yourself,
you need not fear the result of a hundred battles.”
During the mid-1960s,
a war took place between the North Vietnamese communists
and the United States of America.
Instead of confronting the Americans head-on,
the Vietcong had a different idea in mind.
They used unconventional guerrilla warfare tactics,
which included hit-and-run strategies.
This proved very effective against
the much larger military of the Americans.
“It’s more important to outthink your enemy
than to out fight him.”
The Vietcong forces were inferior to the Americans
in both man and firepower,
So guerrilla warfare tactics allowed them to inflict significant damage,
while keeping their casualties to a minimum.
They also had unparalleled knowledge of the terrain.
This included a vast network of underground tunnels,
allowing them to evade carpet bombing
and escape the enemy.
The terrain was also laced with various booby traps and landmines.
Even though the Vietcong and North Vietnamese
were heavily out armed by the American superpower,
they were still able to defeat them
as they truly understood Sun Tzu’s philosophy.
“All warfare is based on deception.
Hence, when we are able to attack,
we must seem unable;
When using our forces,
we must appear inactive;
When we are near,
we must make the enemy believe we are far away;
When far away,
we must make him believe we’re near.”
This philosophy can be seen in the World War II
invasion of Normandy, known as D-day.
The British created several fictional units of troops stationed in Scotland,
who were ready to invade Europe
through its northern regions, and particular Scandinavia.
They then use several misinformation techniques to persuade Hitler
that 350,000 of these troops were primed to attack.
Radio chatter in Scotland lit up with talks of these troops,
preparing for overseas assault.
And many of these transmissions were made easily and acceptable.
Allied spies who had been able to infiltrate the Germans
reported these developments as well,
reinforcing their legitimacy.
These spies also took photographs of
planes and tanks posed for invasion.
But these were actually blow-up models in most cases.
All this caused dozens of German divisions
to go up to bogus locations
and wait for an imaginary army to show up,
whilst important battles were fought elsewhere.
This method of dividing enemy forces
was also employed to a greater extent on D-day itself.
Soviet forces kept around a million of the German forces
busy on the Eastern Front,
whilst the Allied invasion occurred on the Western Front.
This tactic of dividing enemy is one of Sun Tzu’s key philosophies,
and allow the Allies to achieve victory,
and eventually win the war.
Thanks for watching!
If you enjoyed the video, make sure to Like and Subscribe.
And comment down below
what video you would like us to do next.