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17种可能导致产生自杀念头的因素

Suicidal Thoughts – 17 Things That Contribute To It

Psych2go is a digital media organization
Psych2go是一家数字传媒
that raises mental health awareness by presenting psychological topics
以通俗易懂的方式解说心理学相关话题
in a digestible and relatable manner.
以此提高大家的心理健康意识
Please share our content with those who need it.
请把我们的内容分享给有需要的人
It’s a great way to show your support to us as well.
这是大家支持我们的最好方式
According to the CDC,
根据疾控中心报道
9.3 million adults in the United States
报道称 美国每年有930万成年人
have reported having suicidal thoughts in a year.
会产生自杀的念头
But what are suicidal thoughts?
但什么是自杀念头?
It means thinking about and planning a suicide attempt.
自杀念头是考虑并计划着自杀的意图
Having suicidal thoughts does not mean a person will carry out the act.
有自杀的念头 并不意味着人们会马上行动
CDC also states,
疾控中心还指出
males are four times more likely to end their life,
男性结束生命的几率是女性的4倍
while women more often have suicidal ideations.
然而女性更经常有自杀的念头
The following is a list of 17 things that contribute to suicidal thoughts.
以下是17种能引起自杀念头的情况
1. Chronic Illness.
1 慢性疾病
Serious medical conditions may cause people to think about suicide.
严重的疾病可能会使人们产生自杀的念头
Depending on the severity of the illness,
人们是否把自杀当做
people will consider suicide as a way to cope with
解决当下身心所受痛苦的方法
the mental and physical anguish they’re going through.
取决于疾病的严重程度
At times, people can come to believe that
有时 人们相信
suicide is the best way to deal with long-term deterioration.
自杀是避免疾病长期恶化的最好方式
2. Mood Disorders.
2 情感性疾病
Disorders such as major depression, bipolar,
严重的抑郁症 躁郁症 心律失常
dysthymia and seasonal affective disorder,
和季节性情感障碍等情感性疾病
can contribute to suicidal thoughts.
能使人们产生自杀的念头
The dangers during a mood disorder occur
当人们摆脱严重的抑郁情绪时
when people are coming out of deep depression.
就会发生情绪失调的危险
Because they have more energy to carry out their thoughts.
因为他们有更多精力去执行自己的想法
3. Psychiatric Disorders.
3 精神疾病
Disorders like schizophrenia
例如 精神分裂
come accompanied with hallucinations.
会令人产生幻觉的精神疾病
The hallucinations may direct individuals to commit suicide.
幻觉可能会引导人自杀
Schizophrenia among other psychotic disorders,
精神分裂和其他精神疾病一样
have high rates of suicide ideation
导致自杀念头的概率很高
because those who struggle can lose touch with reality,
因为挣扎于幻觉的人会与现实失联
not knowing what’s real versus what’s not.
不知道什么是真 什么是假
4. Impulse Control Disorders.
4 冲动控制障碍
Some people can be more impulsive than others.
有些人会比其他人更容易冲动
Those that are tend to not focus on the consequences of their actions.
他们往往不关心其行为的后果
They are reward-based driven,
奖励才是他们行动的驱动力
meaning they’re more willing to participate in dangerous behaviors,
这意味着他们更喜欢去做些危险的行为
such as suicide.
例如自杀
5. Abuse and Trauma.
5 虐待和创伤
Sexual, physical, and emotional abuse
遭受性 身体和情感上的虐待
increases suicidal attempts by 2.5 to 3 times.
会导致自杀意图的几率增长2.5至3倍
Abuse has long-term consequences on a person’s life.
虐待对一个人的生活有着长期的影响
Depending on the frequency and severity of the abuse,
由于虐待的频率和严重程度不同
the person will in some cases think about suicide as a way to cope with their pain.
某些情况下 人们会把自杀当做结束痛苦的方式
In many cases,
通常情况下
this is a symptom of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder.
这是创伤后应激障碍的症状
6. Domestic Violence.
6 家庭暴力
Survivors and victims think about suicide
幸存者和受害者认为
as an escape from their terrifying situations.
自杀是逃避可怕处境的一种方式
When a person is immersed in a violent relationship,
当人们陷入这种暴力关系中时
they often believe suicide is their best or only option.
他们通常把自杀当成是最好且唯一的选择
Because they fear that their abusive partner will find them
因为他们害怕加害者会找到他们
and hurt them or kill them themselves.
然后伤害他们 或杀了他们
In unique but not uncommon cases,
有些情况很特殊但并不罕见
the fear of not having support employment or an education to survive on their own
他们怕没有工作或学业来支撑自己生存
adds to this feeling of hopelessness.
这会加剧绝望的感觉
7.Access to Weapons.
7 获得武器
Firearms can increase the suicidal ideations and attempts in some people
对于一些患有精神疾病或身体疾病
who are struggling with mental or physical illnesses,
滥用药物或处境困难的人而言
or substance abuse or difficult situations in general.
拥有枪支可能会增强他们自杀的念头
The reason for this is sad may because people know
这么做的原因很可悲 可能是因为他们知道
that the use of firearms will highly increase their chances of success.
使用枪支会大大增加自杀成功的机会
8. Stigma.
8 耻辱感
Unfortunately,
不幸的是
nowadays the stigma that surrounds mental illness and suicide
如今 围绕精神疾病和自杀的耻辱感
causes people to not seek out help.
使人们无法去寻求帮助
The longer individuals go without receiving help,
一个人得不到帮助的时间越久
the higher the chances their suicidal ideations and attempts will increase.
他产生自杀念头和意图的可能性就越大
9. Family History of Suicide.
9 家族自杀史
Children and teenagers learn through observation and modeling.
儿童和青少年的学习方式是观察和模仿
If they’ve been exposed to family members or close friends
如果他们长期和有自杀念头
who have attempted or died from suicide,
或自杀成功的家人朋友接触
this can increase suicidal ideation
他们自杀的念头也会增加
because they indirectly believe
因为他们会间接认为
it’s an accepted way to cope with their problems.
自杀是解决问题最合适的方式
10. Relationship Problems.
10 关系问题
Problems in a relationship or the ending of one
人际关系存在问题或一段关系的结束
come accompanied with emotional and mental anguish.
往往伴随着情感和精神上的痛苦
People who deal with uncertainty in their relationships
不会处理人际关系的人
can become overwhelmed.
通常会不知所措
Feelings of abandonment, worthlessness and guilt
被遗弃 不值得和愧疚的感受
may contribute to suicidal thoughts.
会使他们产生自杀的念头
This usually occurs in the person who is being broken up with.
最常见的就是分手的时候
A person who does the breakup, in most cases,
通常情况下 分手的人
this has already gone through the grieving process.
已经经历过了这个痛苦的过程
11. Bullying.
11 霸凌
According to the CDC,
疾控中心报道
approximately 4,400 people commit suicide per year due to bullying.
每年大约有4400人因为霸凌而自杀
This contributes to feelings of unworthiness,
霸凌会使人产生不值得
low self-esteem, depression, anxiety and hoplelessness.
自卑 沮丧 焦虑和绝望的情绪
In severe cases,
严重时
those who are being bullied can come to believe
遭受霸凌的人会认为
suicide is the only way out of their torment.
自杀是摆脱折磨的唯一方式
12.Difficult Life Event
12 人生难事
Stressful or traumatic life events
有压力或造成创伤的事情
can have and often do have lasting effects on people.
会对人们产生持续性的影响
These can vary from natural to man-made disasters
从天灾到人祸
to being diagnosed with a terminal illness.
甚至可能是被确诊为绝症
13. Survivor’s Guilt.
13 幸存者的愧疚感
Survivor’s guilt occurs when people survive life threatening events
当人们在事故中幸存或目睹其他人死亡时
or watching others die.
幸存者会感到内疚
This makes them feel guilty.
这使他们感到内疚
And in many cases,
通常情况下
it’s difficult for them to forgive themselves.
他们很难原谅自己
Suicidal thoughts may occur
甚至会有自杀的念头
and increase as time passes by.
并随着时间的推移愈发强烈
14. Poverty.
14 贫穷
Low income families are at higher risk of suicide.
低收入家庭的自杀风险更高
This is due to not having excess to resources.
因为他们没有额外的资源
Many individuals don’t have food, income or housing security.
许多人没有食物 收入和住房保障
This comes accompanied with stress and depression.
因此他们会感受到有压力和沮丧
When you don’t have your basic needs,
当你的基本需求没有得到满足时
it is very difficult to think straight.
你很难直截了当地思考
So many who are struggling with these issues,
许多在贫穷中挣扎生存的人
believe that suicide is the only way to solve their problems.
认为自杀是解决问题的唯一途径
15. Past Suicide Attempts.
15 尝试过自杀
Those who’ve attempted to suicide are at a higher risk.
曾经试过自杀的人自杀风险更高
Teens who have prior attempts
曾自杀过的青少年
are 3 times more likely to try again within a year.
一年内再次尝试自杀的可能性是3倍
16. Substance Abuse.
16 药物滥用
Did you know that the alcohol is actually a depressant?
你知道酒精实际上是一种镇静剂吗?
Alcohol and other drugs increase suicidal ideation,
酒精和其他毒品会增加自杀的念头
especially in youth and young adults.
尤其是在年轻人中
Alcohol and drugs
酒精和毒品
mess with the balance of neural transmitters in the brain.
会扰乱大脑中神经递质的平衡
They fill you with dopamine
使大脑充满多巴胺
and then leave you depleted.
随后使你精疲力竭
The depletion of dopamine is called coming down
多巴胺的消耗会使人消沉
or crashing.
甚至崩溃
This is why you may feel anxious
这就是宿醉醒来时
when you wake up the next-day hangover.
你感到焦躁的原因
And this is why
这也是为什么
most addicts keep looking for the next high.
大多数瘾君子要不断寻求下一次快感
Because the low seems unbearable.
因为空虚实在难以忍受
17. Prescription Drugs.
17 处方药
Did you know prescription drugs can cause suicidal ideations
你知道处方药能引发自杀念头
and even depression?
甚至抑郁症吗?
This isn’t to scare you off.
这并不是吓你
The right medication and dosage
正确的药物和剂量
could help you feel better.
可以帮助你感觉更好
But at times,
但有时候
mixing different medications can worsen suicidal thoughts.
不同药物混合使用会加剧自杀念头
It’s important to monitor yourself
在医生的帮助下
along with the help of a doctor to prevent these symptoms.
监控自己 避免出现这些症状很重要
To conclude,
总结一下
it’s important to remember that
你一定要记得
suicidal thoughts are symptoms of underlying issues
自杀念头是一些潜在问题的征兆
and they can be treated.
是可以治疗的
You can get help.
你可以得到帮助
Suicide is not the only way out.
自杀不是摆脱困境的唯一方式
And you’re not alone.
你并不孤单
In this day and age,
在今天这个时代
it is all too common for people to think about suicidal thoughts.
人们产生自杀念头是很正常的
But with help and support,
在他人的帮助和支持下
we can and we will find our light again.
我们将会再次找到光明
If this sounds like someone you know,
如果这听起来像你认识的人
and you’d like to find out more,
并且你想了解更多信息
we also cover a video on 14 ways
我们还将播放一段用14种方法
to tell if someone is suicidal.
判断某人是否有自杀倾向的视频
You can find that video in the link description down below.
你可以在下面的链接中找到该视频
And remember, this is Psych2go.
请记得 这里是Psych2go
sharing truly is caring.
分享才是真正的关怀
Every share keeps us alive
分享可以使我们保持活力
and it could help keep someone else alive.
也可以帮助其他人活着
Thanks for watching.
感谢收看

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视频概述

本视频介绍了17种可能导致产生自杀念头的因素,包括自身以及周遭环境等原因。

听录译者

这么近,那么远

翻译译者

YXG-d18f4

审核员

审核员LR

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oXMx_HL_ts8

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