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如何使用PPT合并和剪切图形 – 译学馆
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如何使用PPT合并和剪切图形

Subtract or Merge Objects in PowerPoint 2013 | Merge Shapes PowerPoint Tutorial

大家好 欢迎来到这儿
Hello everybody, welcome there.
我是LearnFromMe.net网站的Andrzej Patch
Andrzej Pach here speaking from LearnFromMe.net,
在这个教程中 你将了解到
and in this tutorial I want to show you
如何使用PPT中的“消去”和“融合”功能
how to work with the subtractions in PowerPoint and merging objects.
因为我知道很多人
Because I know, plenty of people do not
并不常用这些很有用的选项
use those options, and they are very useful.
那么我们直接跳到第一张幻灯片 开始吧
So let me head over to the first slide, and get right into it.
融合和其他对对象的操作
Merging and over outworking with
是一个允许你将几个不同的对象
objects is an option in PowerPoint which allows you
联合到一起的选项
to combine several objects into one.
这和组合不同 稍后我会告诉你这其中的差别
It’s different than grouping, and I will show you later why.
当你选中了几个对象 想要打开这个选项
If you have selected several objects, you open up this
依次点击“绘画工具”->“插入形状”
option by going to “drawing tools”, you have “insert shapes”.
在这里你就可以找到“融合图形”选项
There, you can select the “merge shapes” option.
如你所见 这里提供了几个选项
As you see, we have several options there.
比如 我们可以联合、交叉、消去对象
We can, for example, combine, intersect, or subtract the objects.
让我来给你展示这些功能
So, let me show you now how this works.
比如我想设计一个简单的相机图标
I would like, for example, design a simple camera here.
我有一个对象作为背景
So, I have one object in the back,
和一个圆在中间
and one circle in the middle.
如果我先选中圆
If I select the circle first,
然后选中后面的对象
and the object behind it’s a second,
当我点击“融合图形”
when I go to “merge shapes”,
选择“消去”选项时
and I press for example “subtract”,
只有这个蓝色的部分被保留了 因为它是首先选中的
only the blue element stay, because this was the first
如果我先选中这个背景
shape we selected. If I select this first,
然后再选中圆 再来一次“消去”操作
and the circle second, and now go to “subtract”,
这一次就会删掉中间的圆
it will delete the circle in the middle,
而背后的对象则被保留
and leave out the object behind it.
我们会得到一个新的对象
We will achieve a new object.
通常我们可以完成的东西
Something we can do in PowerPoint normally,
在PPT里面有时很难准备像这样的图形
it’ll be very difficult to prepare such objects here in PowerPoint.
现在 假设你想做一个很基本的相机图标
So, let’s say you want to make a really basic icon for a camera.
先把这个对象缩小
I’ll make this object smaller,
选择“编辑形状”->“改变形状”
I’ll go to “edit shape”, “change shape”,
我要改变它的形状 因为我想做一个照相机的正面
I want to change the shape because I want to make a front of the camera.
然后再缩小一点
And make it smaller,
现在我要把圆从相机里删去
and I want now to delete the circle from the camera.
你需要先选中相机的背景
For this, you have to select first the camera background,
然后选中中间的对象
and second the object in the middle.
然后执行“融合形状” 就把它消去了
Then I go to “merge shapes”, and I simply subtract it from it.
现在我们继续设计相机图标
Let me now continue with the disign.
我们执行“插入”->“形状” 再来一个
I go to “insert”, “shapes”, one more,
我选择这个小矩形
and I select this little rectangle.
我想把它放到顶部
I want to place it on the top.
稍微修改一下 颜色有一点不搭
I change it a little bit. Well the color isn’t perfect.
呃 让我们用一样的颜色吧
But, let’s say I will stick to it.
可以看到 现在我有两个对象了
As you can notice now, I have two objects here.
我要把它们组合起来
I would like to combine them.
有两种方法组合
You can do this on two different methods.
比如 你可以右键单击 然后选择组合
You could, for example, right click on them, and group them.
这样会生成一个组
What this does, it creates a group,
在这个组内 你还可以对原对象进行编辑
but you can still edit the objects within the group.
我想要把它变成一个稳定的图标 而不是一个组
I would like to make this a stable icon, without any grouping,
所以我用快捷键Ctrl+Z撤销 回到两个对象的状态
so I do “Ctrl+Z”, so I have back two objects.
我要把它们组合 生成一个单独的对象
And I would like to combine them, so they are one object.
首先全选
I select everything,
然后选择“绘画工具” 执行“融合图形”
I go to the “drawing tools”, do the “merge shapes” options,
于是我就把它们合并了
and I union them.
现在我就不能再编辑了 它是一个单独的对象
Now I can’t edit anything and this is one object.
好了 这就是制作简单图标的方法
Ok, this is how you make simple icons.
现在 我们继续看下一个幻灯片
Now, let’s head over to the next slide.
你可能会问这些选项为什么很有用
You could ask me why those options are so useful.
当你想用PPT创建自定义图形时 它们的确很有用
They are specifically​ useful if you want to achieve custom shapes in PowerPoint.
因为正常情况下
Because normally PowerPoint allows you
PPT只允许你对一些你能找到的
only to change those shapes and
微软预设的图形进行编辑
edit the basic Microsoft predefined shapes you can find here.
但是你有可能需要一些不同的东西
But, you’d like something different, for example,
比如你想删掉这个角 又或者是对这个角进行一些操作
you’d like to delete also this corner, or do something with this corner.
当然你可以使用“编辑图形”功能
You can do this of course, by going to “edit shape”,
和“编辑点”功能 然后对点进行处理
“edit points”, and work with the points,
比如说 增加点
adding for example new points,
于是你就可以得到一个新的对象
and you can achieve a new object.
但是 这是很难操控的
But, this is very difficult to handle.
所以 我喜欢的方法是
So, what I like to use,
让我先Ctrl+Z撤销一下
let me “Ctrl+Z” quickly, to get back,
我喜欢用消去的方法
I like to use subtractions to delete the points
来删除一些我不想要的点
(I would) I don’t want to have in this object.
你只需要选择“插入图形”
You go to, simply go to “insert shapes”,
选择你想要的形状
select any shape you want.
甚至可以是三角形 都无所谓
It can be even a triangle. It doesn’t really matter.
比如 我想删掉这个角
I would for example, want to delete this corner.
把三角形放到这个对象上面
I had over the triangle, over the object,
我可以选择对象 选择这个三角形
I select my object, I select the triangle,
然后执行“融合图形”->“消去” 就可以啦
I go to “merge shape”, “subtract”, and you are done.
如果你看不到你将要删除的部分 只要选择“格式形状”
If you don’t see what you delete, simply go to “format shape”,
选择“填充” 让它变得透明一点就好了
go to the “fill” options, and make it a little bit transparent.
这使得工作简单多了
This makes the work much much easier.
你可以把这个对象复制几次 以备后面使用
You can have copy the object a few times, so you have it for later.
然后我选择…
And I select,
“绘画工具”->“融合图形”->“消去”
“drawing tools”, “merge shapes”, “subtract”.
完美!我有了一个新的对象
Perfect, I have a new object.
然后我就准备好在PPT里继续我的设计了
And I’ll be ready to continue my design in PowerPoint.
最后一件事分享给你
So, the last thing I want to show you,
你可以从“消去”中寻找灵感
you can get inspired with subtractions,
因为它总能创造出一些有趣的设计
because they create, it sells, some interesting design.
让我举个例子
Let me show you an example.
我选择这个蓝色的圆
I select the blue circle because the background
因为如果选择右边这个浅色 背景将很不清晰
will be very invisible if I would select this color.
接下来我选择这个对象
I select this object as a second one.
然后选择“绘画工具”->“融合图形”
I go to “drawing tools”, “merge shapes”,
然后看一下我所有可能的选项
and I check out all the possibilities I have.
比如 这个“交叉”选项看起来就很有趣
For example, the “intersect” looks quite interesting.
它为一个基本图标创造了很好的背景
It creates a nice background for a basic logo.
所以我要划一下重点
So I want to emphasize that,
这些选项都是很有用的 你一定要试一试
these options are very useful and you definitely should use them.
完成了图标之后 我选择这个对象
Even once I have the logo already, I select the object,
然后选择这个文本框 它甚至可以应用到文字上
I select the “text box”, it also works with text.
我选择“融合图形” 然后可以选择联合、碎块
I go to “merge shapes”, and you can “combine” them, “fragment” them,
交叉 或者像以前那样 消去
“intersect”, or as before, “subtract”.
我们看不到什么东西 因为背景是黑色的
Well, we wouldn’t see anything because it’s​ a black background.
但是让我们试试“联合”
But, let’s for example use “combine”.
于是我组合出了一个有趣的东西
And I have combined something interesting.
我把文本融合到图形里了 你也可以用其他方法来做
I did delete the text. You can of course achieve this other way.
你也可以直接把文本放在这里
you could, you could simply put black text here.
但是像这样 我们就有了一个单独的对象
But, this way, we have one object.
而且它是固化的 以矢量图的格式存在
And it’s solid, and it’s in the vector format.
现在我可以把它放很大
I could make it really big right now.
右击它
Right click on it.
保存为图片
Save as picture.
“图片一” 让我打开这个图片
“Picture one”, let me open the picture.
于是我有了一张高画质的图片
And I have a high-quality image,
这很类似于矢量图 我可以把它放得更大
It’s close to be a vector. I could of course make it bigger.
PPT和这些选项可以作为简易工具
PowerPoint, and those options can be a simple tool
来做一些图标或者是有趣的设计之类的事
to for example, make logos or interesting designs.
这就是本教程的全部内容
And this is it for this tutorial.
如果你觉得这些内容有用 请捐助我们的频道
If you find this content useful, please subscribe to this channel,
如果你们点赞和评论
and like the video or comment under it.
我会很欢迎
I’m really glad if you do this,
我很乐意回答你们的一些问题
and I’m open to answer any questions you may have.
也请浏览简介里的网址 它指向我的PPT在线课程
Please check also the link in the description, with links to my online course
我们可以拓展你关于PPT的知识
about PowerPoint, and we can expand your knowledge about PowerPoint.
如果感兴趣 请在链接里注册
If you would be interested, please enroll in with this link,
这是个大折扣的链接 你一定会从里面的课程中
it is a heavy discount link, and you will definitely benefit
获益良多的
from the lessons you can find there.
我是Andrzej Pach
My name is Andrzej Pach.
谢谢观看本期视频 下期再见!
Thank you for your attention, and see you in the next tutorial.

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视频概述

图形融合和消去是很实用的功能,你可以用它们生成新的有趣的图形

听录译者

一如继往的蜗牛

翻译译者

理科生

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知易行难

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2rQXUx2iSSg

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