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斯滕伯格的爱情三角理论

Sternberg's Theory of Love: Intimacy, Commitment, Passion

来吧!心理学
Psych2Go
罗伯特·斯滕伯格于1985年提出的
In 1985, Robert Sternberg presented a theory
理论迅速激起所有人的兴趣
that speedily interested various people.
这一理论将某个“阻碍”人们的心智
A theory concretising something that has baffled minds
“扭曲”心灵的事具体化
and wrenched the hearts of many.
“爱情”
Love
即“爱情三角理论”
He called it “the Triangular Theroy of Love”,
用三角图来诠释各因素之间的关系最为传神
as it’s best explained in the form of triangle.
更通俗的说法为“斯滕伯格的爱情理论”
But is more commonly known as Sternberg’s theory of love.
在人际关系的环境中
In the context of interpersonal relationships,
存在爱情的三要素
there are three components of love.
亲密
Intimacy,
激情
passion,
承诺
and commitment.
基于此理论
According to the theory,
“亲密”是一种依恋 亲密和联结的感受
intimacy is the feeling of attachment, closeness and connectedness.
而 “激情” 换句话说 则是当你喜欢某人时
Passion, on the other hand, is the fiery depth
你所感受到的深深的炽烈和热情
and intenseness you experience when you like someone,
包括与浪漫和性有关的吸引内驱力
encompassing the drive connected to both romantic and sexual attraction.
第三要素为“承诺” 与其它两个紧密相连
The third component, commitment, ties the other two together,
并包含短期决策 即与伴侣在一起
as it encompasses short-term and long-term decisions
以及长期决策 即为将来做打算
to remain with one another and plan for the future.
据斯滕伯格爱情理论的阐析
According to Stemberg’s theroy of love.
有六种形式的爱情
there are six forms of love,
由前面所说的三个要素构成
which are combinations of the three conponents previously described.
1. 无爱情关系
One. Nonlove.
无爱情关系即缺失三大要素的关系
Nonlove is merely the absence of all three conponents.
其基本上存在于大多数的人际关系中
This basically characterizes the majority of our personal relationships,
即简单 随意的相互交流
which consists of simple, casual interactions.
可作用于熟人或
It could apply to your acquaintances or people
并不太依恋的人身上
you’re not particularly attached to.
2. 喜欢式爱情
Two. Friendship.
只存在亲密关系的爱情为喜欢式爱情
Friendship exists when only intimacy is present.
即体验者感受到的
This is the set of feelings you experience
无炽烈“激情”或浪漫“承诺”参与的情感
without the intense passion or commitment of romance.
但它却是指引
It can, however, be a route
其它形式的爱情显现的航线
for other forms of love to manifest form.
3. 迷恋式爱情
Three. Infatuated Love.
迷恋式爱情为“激情”在场
Infatuation occurs when passion is present,
而“亲密”与“承诺”缺席的爱情
and both intimacy and commitment is absent.
迷恋存在于这一范畴中
Crushes fall under this category.
性关系也包含在其中
Solely sexual relationships are also included,
其只受制于肉体欲望而已
as they’re only bounded by carnal desires and nothing more.
亦是浪漫爱的最普通形式
This is the most common route of romantic love,
且人们相信“亲密”会随着时间而深化
as it is believed that intimacy develops over time.
但如果“亲密”或“承诺”并未深化
But if neither intimacy nor commitment develops,
则这一爱情类型便会随时间而萎靡
this type of love can fizzle over time.
4. 空洞式爱情
Four. Empty Love.
空洞式爱情的典例为不幸福的婚姻
An example of the empty love is an unhappy marriage,
即对伴侣的“亲密”与如火的“热情”已离你而去
where intimacy and the flame of passion for your partner is gone.
随着强烈的爱“恶化”为空洞的爱
As a strong love deteriorates into empty love,
除了婚姻契约外 一切都不复存在
nothing is left but the contract of marriage itself.
这一特征为尽管“承诺”在场
It’s characterized by the absence of intimacy and passion,
但“亲密”和“激情”却不在其中
despite the presence of commitment.
另一方面 包办婚姻
Arranged marriages, on the other hand,
起初源自空洞爱
can start out as empty love,
但会随着时间发展成其它类型的爱情
but can develop into other forms of love over time.
5. 浪漫式爱情
Five. Romantic Love.
浪漫式爱情是“亲密”和“激情”相结合的爱情
Romantic love is a combination of intimacy and passion.
这一范畴中的关系不止包括肉体接触
Relationships under this category not only involve physical bounds,
也具备情感联系
but emtional bounds as well.
其是步入婚姻生活的最常见的垫脚石
This is one of the most common stepping stones to married life.
然而“承诺”并未参与其中
However, it lacks commitment.
如果伴侣间存在的是丰富的浪漫式爱情
This type of relationship is easier to dissolve with no legal issues,
其易在无合法条例的束缚下瓦解
if you or your partner have had enough of it.
6. 伴侣式爱情
Six. Companionate Love.
伴侣式爱情的特征为
Companionate love is characterized by
“亲密”与“承诺”相结合
a combination of intimacy and commitment,
而无“激情”的参与
and the absence of passion.
但由于“承诺”的融入
It’s stronger than friendship love
其比喜欢式爱情更浓烈
because of the additional commitment.
在长期的婚姻生活中日益凸显
It’s observed in long-term marriages,
由于情感仍旧存在
where you don’t necessarily need passion
因此伴侣间的爱情并
in order to stay love with your partner,
不需以激情来维系
because affection still remains.
伴侣式爱情也存在于家庭成员
Companionate love can also be found among family members,
与拥有强烈纯精神友谊的挚友之间
and close friends who have strong platonic friendships.
7. 愚蠢式爱情
Seven. Fatuous Love.
愚蠢式爱情的典例为
A good example of a fatuous love is
金·卡戴珊和克里斯·汉弗莱斯的婚姻
when Kim Kardashian marries Kris Humphries,
仅仅维系72天便宣告结束
only to divorce him 72 days later.
我们只在电视上见过这种旋风般的浪漫
It’s a whirlwind of romance we usually see on television.
其是排除“亲密”后的“承诺”与“激情”的结合式爱情
Fatuous love is the combination of commitment and passion without intimacy.
8. 完美式爱情
Eight. Consummate Love.
完美式爱情占据三角理论的绝对地位
Consummate love sits the very center of the triangle,
被称作完美 理想的爱情
as it’s said to be the perfect, ideal type of love.
三大要素全都在这一爱情范畴中
All three components are present in this type of love,
其是恋爱中的人们所追求的目标
and it’s the goal for people in relationships.
斯滕伯格认为
According to Sternberg,
经历完美式爱情的夫妻
couples that are experiencing consummate love
会继续在以后的岁月保持两性亲密关系
will continue to be sexually intimate years into the relationship.
他们想象不到自己和别人在一起很会快乐
And they can’t imagine themselves being happier with other partners.
爱人们同舟共济
They work through their difficulties,
在两性关系中追寻快乐
and find delight in the relationships.
然而 斯滕伯格却告诫我们
However, Sternberg cautions that
维护这一关系远比实现它更为艰难
maintaining this relationship is harder than achieving it,
其并非永恒的爱情
and it’s not a permanent form of love.
你赞同斯滕伯格提倡的爱情类型理论吗?
With that, do you agree with the types of love that Sternberg proposes?
你认为还有什么因素会影响两性关系?
What other factors do you think affect the relationship?
你认为这六大爱情类型为大家所公认吗?
Do you think the six forms of love are global?
亦或是其为每对夫妻的个人观点?
Or is there subjective perspective for every couple?
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Feel free to share your thoughts and comments below.
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视频概述

详述了斯滕伯格的八大爱情类型,分析其的影响与局限,等等

听录译者

小多荷

翻译译者

小多荷

审核员

审核团HL

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-Cxq7ZmnFLU

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