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创业就像凝视深渊吃玻璃 – 译学馆
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创业就像凝视深渊吃玻璃

"Starting a Company is Like EATING GLASS!" - Elon Musk (@elonmusk) - #Entspresso

早上好 网站的朋友们 我的名字是埃文·卡米高
– Good morning Believe Nation, my name is Evan Carmichael,
我的一字格言是“相信” 我相信企业家
my one word is believe, and I believe that entrepreneurs
会解决所有世界上所有的重要问题
will solve all of the world’s major problems.
所以为了帮到你 今天的主题是
So to help you on your journey today’s message is,
保持高的痛苦极限
have a high pain threshold.
埃伦·马斯克 轮到你了
Over to you Elon Musk.
(鸡叫)
(rooster crowing)
#我每天清晨醒来#
♫ I wake up every morning
#咖啡让我保持活力#
♫ Espresso keep me going
#我每天清晨醒来#
♫ I wake up every morning
很不幸 我不那么开心
– Unfortunately I wasn’t this happy focused on
因为我得关注创业时涌入的短期资金
a short term of money coming in when creating a company,
不然公司就会倒闭
because otherwise the company will die.
我想 很多时候 人们觉得
I think, a lot of times people will think like,
创立公司会很好玩
creating a company is going to be fun.
我想说 真的不那么好玩
I would say, it’s really not that fun.
我是说有好玩的时候
I mean there are periods of fun.
也有确实很糟糕的时候
And there are periods of where it’s just awful.
尤其如果你是公司总裁
And particularly if you’re CEO of a company,
实际上你会碰到公司里最棘手的问题
you actually have a distillation of all the worst problems in a company.
把你的时间花在进展顺利的事上没有意义
There’s no point in spending your time on things that are going right.
所以你只花时间在出错的事上
so you only spend on things on, your time on things that are going wrong.
总有一些出错的事他人解决不了
And there’re things that are going wrong that other people can’t take care of,
所以得由你来处理这些最糟糕的事
so you have like the worst,
你会筛选出公司里最棘手的问题
you have a filter for the crappest problems in the company.
最致命最痛苦的问题
The most pernicious and painful problem,
所以我不会说它好玩
so I wouldn’t say it’s,
我觉得这是你必须去做的事
I think you have to feel quite compelled to do it,
并且 对痛苦的忍耐力需要相当高
and have a fairly high pain threshold.
我有个朋友
And there’s a friend of mine,
他说开公司就像
who says like starting a company is like
凝视着深渊吃玻璃
staring into the abyss and eating glass.
某种程度上是这样不错
And there’s some truth to that.
(观众笑)
(audience chuckles)
凝视深渊是指
The staring into the abyss part is that
你要时刻面对公司可能倒闭的问题
you’re going to be constantly facing the extermination of the company,
因为大多数创业会失败
cuz most startups fail.
似乎90% 很可能99%的创业会失败
It’s like 90%, likely 99% of startups fail.
所以那是凝视深渊的部分
So, so that’s the staring into the abyss part,
你会不断说 好吧
you’re constantly saying, okay,
如果我不纠正这个问题公司就会倒闭
if I don’t get this right the company will die.
压力会很大
Should be quite stressful.
然后吃玻璃的部分是指
And then, the eating glass part is,
你得解决问题
you’ve got to do the problems
你得解决公司需要你解决的问题
you got to work on the problems that the company needs you to work on,
而不是你想解决的问题
not the problems you want to work on.
所以你最终致力于解决
And so that’s, you end up working on problems
你真心希望你不用去解决的问题
that you really wish you weren’t working on,
那就是吃玻璃的部分
that’s the eating glass part.
然后那会持续很长一段时间
Then that goes on for a long time.
—[采访者]所以你是如何把握大局的
-[Interviewer] So how do you keep your focus on the big picture
当你不断面对……
when you’re constantly faced with,
一个月内我们可能会破产的问题
we could be out of business in a month.
—只有一小部分精力
Well, it’s just a very small percentage of mental energy
用在放眼大局上
is on the big picture,
就像如果你大概知道你要去哪
like you know where you’re generally heading for,
就会大致朝目标方向走
and the actual path is going to be some sort of zig zaggy thing in that direction. Uh
你努力不要偏离你要走的路太远
You try not to deviate too far from the path that you want to be on,
但在某种程度上你也不得不走弯路
but you’re going to have to do that to some degree.
想盈利没什么错
But I don’t want to diminish the –
我是说 我认为盈利动机是很好的东西
I mean, I think the profit motive is a good one,
但一个产业的规则已经完全建立
yet the rules of an industry are properly set up.
因此有一些根本的东西与盈利相悖
So there’s something fundamentally wrong with profit,
事实上 利润意味着
in fact, profit just means that
人们为你所做的事付的钱
people are paying you more for whatever you’re doing,
超过了你创造它所花费的
then you’re spending to create it.
那很好
That’s a good thing.
如果不是这种情况
And if you’re not, if that’s not the case,
你就会破产 按理也是这样
then you’ll be out of business and rightfully so.
创业者会很辛苦 很多时候
– Being an entrepreneur sucks.A good chunk of the time,
当创业者我们必须处理很多破事
we have to deal with a lot of crap being entrepreneurs,
尤其当我们努力去做了不起的
especially as we are trying to build this amazing thing
从未有人做过的事
that’s never been done before.
这才是重点 你在做些
And that’s the point, you’re trying to do something
没人做过的事
that people have not done before.
我们努力做些特别的事
Right, we’re trying to build something special,
如果你只和其他人做同样的事
if you’re just doing the same thing as everybody else,
你的盈利会低于平均水平
you’re going to get less than average results because
因为他们比你做得更久
they’ve been doing it longer than you,
有更多的过往成绩 更多的经验
have more track record, more experience,
所以你想要做些不同的事
and so you want to be doing something different,
做不同的事伴随痛苦
and doing something different comes with a lot of pain.
伴随大量失败
Come with a lot of failures,
伴随很多人评价你
comes with a lot of people judging you,
并告诉你你做不到
and telling you that you can’t do it,
伴随许多怀疑
comes with a lot of doubt,
其中也会有大量自我怀疑
a lot of it will be self-doubt as well.
当你创立公司 组建团队
And as you build up and you get a team,
你将不得不处理其他每个人的破事
you’re going to have to deal with everybody else’s crap.
你知道我不想让这看起来像
You know I don’t want to make this seem
像是负面情况 因为我热爱它
like a negative situation, ‘cuz I love it,
热爱问题 享受苦楚
and that’s part of what we need to do as an entrepreneur,
是我们创业者工作的一部分
is love the crap, love the pain, right.
如果你对任何痛苦 任何不适都特别敏感
If you are super sensitive to any kind of pain, any kind of discomfort,
那对你来说 作为一个创业者
then it’s going to be really hard for you to have
获得成功会很难
ultimate success as an entrepreneur,
我给你的建议是
and what I’d recommend you doing is
慢慢提高你的容忍度
slowly increasing your tolerance.
就像其他任何事 就像
Just like anything else, just like, you know,
如果你努力学习滑雪
if you are trying to learn snowboarding,
你只能滑一定次数 然后摔倒
you can only do a certain amount and then you fall,
你的肌肉会疲惫 你滑不动了
and your muscles will get tired and you can’t do it.
就像你刚开始举重
Just like when you start lifting weights,
你可以举10磅 然后20磅
you can lift 10 pounds, and then 20 pounds,
然后30磅
and then 30 pounds, you know,
当你不断重复 你的肌肉得到强化
as you get the repetitions in, your muscles grow stronger
然后你可以举得更重 更重
and you can deal with more, more, more, more.
这就是创业者要学的
That’s what you need to learn as an entrepreneur,
所以我认为你能做的最棒的练习
so one of the greatest exercises that I think you can do,
是在你的团队里开始雇佣某人做兼职
is you can start to hire somebody part time on your team.
我认为很多创业者
I think a lot of entrepreneurs
对雇人有错误的观念
have the wrong notion around hiring,
我们以为带了某人进团队
we think we’re going to bring on somebody on our team,
便不必管理他们 或和他们打交道
we’re not going to have to manage them or deal with them,
痛苦便会随之而去
it’s just going to take away all of our pains,
我们能专注自己热爱的事
and we’re going to get to focus on the things that we love,
那只对了一部分 你想要雇佣人
and that’s partially true, you want to hire somebody that
分担你不喜欢
you can delegate the stuff you don’t enjoy to,
但他们很擅长的事
and that they are really good at,
烦恼不会因此减少
but there’s still a lot of pain,
因为你在和活人打交道
‘cuz you’re dealing with a human being,
你和他们的负担 问题
you’re dealing with their baggage, their issues,
动机 挣扎打交道
their motivation, their struggles,
所有这些破事总会
and all of the crap always comes
回来找你 你得处理他们
back to that you have to deal with.
你的大量时间会花在
A good chunk of your time is dealing with
处理其他每个人的问题 帮助他们
everybody else’s problems, right, and helping them,
爱上它 想看到他们成长
and liking it, and wanting to see them grow.
如果你经营你的事业就像
If you are trying to operate your business as,
我要建立一个团队
I’m going to build up a team of people
来帮我做些了不起的事
to help me do something amazing,
但我不打算当一个领导或者管理者
but I’m not going to be a leader or a manager,
我不打算真关心人们
I’m not going to really care that much about the people,
放任他们自己去摸索
and they’re just going to be on their own,
你就无法建立一个好的组织
you’re not really going to build a great organization.
因此你需要学习如何管理
And so you need to learn how to manage,
需要学习如何领导
and you need to learn how to lead,
这个超级 超级 超级 重要
it’s super, super, super, super important.
从招人做兼职开始
And beckon to do it on a part-time basis,
因此我雇的第一个人一天工作一小时
so the first person I hired was for one hour a day.
一天一小时 仅此而已
One hour a day, that was it.
那解放了我超过一个小时的时间
And that freed up more than one hour of my time,
因为那工作他做得比我好
‘cuz he was better at doing that job than I was,
他可以离开做其他事情
he’d go off and do other things.
但我仍然得关心他
But I still had to care for him,
我仍然得问他做得怎么样
I still had to ask him how he was doing,
我仍然得明白他的目标
I still had to understand his goals.
他的难处在哪
Still had to understand where his struggles were,
他有限的信念是什么
what his limited beliefs were, right,
你作为领导的工作是在你的公司
that’s your job as a leader is to build the people up
造就人去做了不起的事
in your organization to do amazing things,
让他们加入你疯狂的冒险之旅
and join you on this crazy adventure journey that you’re on.
(深深地叹气)
(heavy sighing)
那是你要做的
That’s what you have to do,
因此我强烈鼓励你们
and so I’d strongly encourage you guys,
如果你的团队里没有任何人
if you don’t have anybody on your team,
去雇佣某人兼职吧 一天一小时
look to hire somebody part-time, one hour a day,
一周几个小时 怎样都行
couple hours a week, whatever it is,
来减轻你的工作负担
to free up some of your work load,
同时让你熟悉如何管理人
but also get you used to managing people,
并处理他们的事情
and dealing with their issues.
因此你越能增强你的肌肉
So that the more you can build that muscle up,
处理破事的肌肉 它会越变越强
dealing with the crap muscle, the stronger it gets,
我们将能够处理更多破事
the more crap we’ll be able to deal with,
你的痛阈越高
and the higher your pain threshold will be
你就能创造一些了不起的事
so you can build something amazing.
所以今天的问题是 我很好奇
So the question of the day today is I’m curious,
在你们的事业中 什么是你们不得不做的最痛苦的事
what’s the most painful thing that you ever had to do in your business?
真的很好奇
Really curious to find out,
在下面留下评论
leave down in the comments below.
我真心期待看到
I’m really looking forward to seeing
你们想说什么
what you guys have to say.
我还想大声对
I also want to give a quick shout out
安托万·克莱尔·雷诺说 非常感谢你
to Antoine Clerc-Renaud, Antoine thank you so much
选择了一本我的书 《你的一字格言》
for picking up a copy of my book, Your One Word,
跟书合了照
taking that selfie with the book
还把照片发到推特
and posting to Twitter as well.
我真心谢谢他支持
I really appreciate the support man,
我希望你喜欢读这本书
and I hope you enjoy the reading.
非常感谢大家观看
So thank you guys so much for watching,
我相信你 我希望你继续相信自己
I believe in you, I hope you continue to believe in yourself
不管你们的代表词是什么
and whatever your one word is.
爱你们 明早再见
Much love, and I’ll see you again tomorrow morning
为了另一杯咖啡
for another shot of Entspresso.
#我每天清晨醒来#
♫ I wake up every morning
#咖啡让我保持活力#
♫ Espresso keep me going
保持高痛阈
have a high pain threshold
——穿过痛苦的阻碍
– Going through this pain barrier,
体验你肌肉的痛和渴望
experiencing pain in your muscles and aching,
只想着继续 继续 然后继续
and just think, go on, and go on, and then go on,
然后重复两次 三次或者四次
and this last two or three or four repetitions,
那真的能令肌肉生长
that’s what makes actually the muscle then grow.
那将胜者和败者区分开来
And that divides the one from a champion and one from not being a champion.
如果你能通过痛苦阻碍
If you can go through this pain barrier,
你会成为胜利者
you make it to be a champion.
如果你经受不住 忘掉它吧
If you can’t go through, forget it.
大多数人缺少的
And that’s what most people lack,
是内心有这种勇气
is in this having the guts,
前进的勇气和自信的说 会过去的
the guts to go in and just say, it goes through
我不在乎发生了什么
and I don’t care what happens.
你知道它很痛并且如果我跌倒
You know it aches and if I fall down,
我不害怕晕倒在健身房里
I have no fear of fainting in a gym,
因为我知道它是可能发生的
because I know it could happen,
我锻炼的时候吐过很多次
I threw up many times while I was working out,
但没关系 因为都值得
but it doesn’t matter, because it’s all worth it.
你看詹姆士·邦德的电影
– Have you ever watched the James Bond movie,
某一时刻他看起来要输了
where it doesn’t look like he’s losing at some point,
然后他赢了 或蝙蝠侠 或钢铁侠 或任何其他超级英雄
and then he wins, or Batman, or Iron Man, or any super hero.
你必须客克服各种各样的事才能成功
There has to be some diversity for you to, you know overcome, to win.
你知道 你不可能成为一个冠军
You know, you can’t be a champ unless you
除非你在一个看起来要失败的位置
you know, you are in a place where you look like
而你却赢了
you’re going to lose and then you win.
痛苦会让人变得独立自主
The pain that’s going to come with being independent,
你得拥抱它 因为迟早会发生
you have to embrace it, because it’s going to happen.
也要懂得 你越成功
And also know that the more successful you get,
你问题越多
the more problem you gonna have,
你要解开的结越多
the more knots you’re going to have to untie.
当老板不意味着顺利航行
Being a boss does not mean smooth sailing.
而意味着有能力首先去
It means having the ability to care about
关心其他人而不是你自己 并且解决问题
other people before yourself, and to untie problems,
解开纠结 就是这样
untie knots, that’s all it is.
如果没有问题就不是生意
It’s not business if there’s not problems.
没有挣扎不是好事
There’s nothing good without struggle,
是不可能的
it just doesn’t happen.
在我所有的经验中
In all my experiences,
若在成功之前感觉不到一点痛苦
there hasn’t been one thing that’s been successful,
没有一件事会成功
without me feeling some pain before it was successful.
所以现在当有痛苦时我拥抱它
So now when there is pain I embrace it.
你知道我一直在拥抱它
You know I’ve been embracing it.
我坚信痛苦 因为我懂那意味着
I’m a gee about it because I know that must mean
如果我想成功 你知道
that if I’m cool, that you know,
就要面对黎明前最黑暗的时光
what awaits me is that it’s the darkest before the dawn,
我不想听起来很陈词滥调但是
I don’t want to like sound corny but,
那是必须发生的
that’s what has to happen.
痛苦是很美好的事
– Pain is a beautiful thing.
生活就是关于挑战
Challenge is what life is about.
没有挑战 没有痛苦的生活
A life without challenge, a life without pain,
是没有成长的生活
is a life without growth.
没有成长
And where there is no growth,
精神会陈旧 呆滞
there is stale, stagnant energy.
大多数人那样生活
And that’s where most people live,
因为大多数人的生活被设计
because most people’s lives are designed around
围绕着走一条没有挑战的路
treading a path that is void of challenge.
一发觉路上有挑战或痛苦
The minute they recognize challenge or pain,
他们就会换路
they move the other way.
这是一种原始本能 正常又自然
This is a primal instinct, and normal and natural,
但很短视
but a weak perspective.
若你问他们生活过得如何
Most people are bored if you ask them,
大家都会说很无聊
what do you think about your life?
(叹气)老样子 老样子
(sighing) Same old, same old.
每一天 就那样
Every single day, what is the thing,
同样的日子 不同的日子 本质一样的事
same day, same sh, different day, things of this nature.
因为他们在谎言中生活
That’s because they’re living their lives in a lie,
那就是被舒适笼罩
that is shrouded in comfort.
舒适并不存在 他们没有受到挑战
It doesn’t exist, they’re not challenged,
他们没有成长
they’re not growing,
他们很无聊 不如死了
they’re bored and they’re better off dead.
你的活力在痛苦中被发掘
Your aliveness is found in your pain.
拥抱它 热爱它 从中成长
Embrace it, love it, and grow from it.

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译制信息
视频概述

创业者需要能承受压力,解决问题,关心员工,不断提高痛阈,在挑战中操练

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

Seline

审核员

审核团审核员XD

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WUBTl2bkQWY

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