On November 12, 2018,
Stanley Martin Lieber passed away at the age of 95.
Better known as Stan Lee,
he left behind a life and career that forever changed the face of entertainment.
So “face front, true believers”,
because I’m Muse and this is what Stan Lee’s legacy means to me.
How do we begin talking about the impact that Lee had on the world?
Well, let’s start with this comic book Creations.
Lee’s comics career began in 1939,
when he took a job filling inkwells and snagging lunches at Timely Comics,
the company that would later become Marvel.
He eventually transitioned to writing.
but by the end of the 50s,
Lee was feeling a little burnt out
在创作完连载十年让多数人记忆深刻的 浪漫 惊悚 刺激的故事后
after composing a decade’s worth of mostly of mostly forgettable romance, action and horror tales.
He was considering quitting
until his publisher assigned him a new task:
DC Comics had a big hit on their hands
with their Silver Age superhero squadron the Justice League,
and Lee’s job was to come up with his own team for Marvel.
Since he was halfway out the door anyway,
Stan used it as an opportunity to re-define what superheroes could be,
and with the legendary Jack “The King” Kirby,
the two introduced the world to a dysfunctional family
that fought with each other almost as much as they fought evil,
and lived not in fictional cities like Gotham and Metropolis,
but a New York that’s not all that different from the view outside our window.
“The Fantastic Four” was unlike anything comic readers had ever seen,
and Lee and Kirby parlayed their success into an entire universe of offbeat heroes.
《X战警》《绿巨人》与唐·海克的《 钢铁侠》《 雷神 》《托尔》《 复仇者联盟》等等
Together the two created the X-Men, the Hulk, Iron Man with Don Heck, Thor, the Avengers and more,
and with Steve Ditko, Lee gave birth to Doctor Strange and his most famous co-creation
The Amazing Spider-Man.
Spider Man? Pam, hold my calls for a while.
I think I’ve finally gone crazy!
Stan Lee artists developed what would later be called the “Marvel Method”
where Lee would brainstorm a brief synopsis with the artists,
let them construct and plot the story visually,
and then go back to fill in the dialogue and captions once the illustrations were complete.
It was a brilliant, collaborative workflow
that gave birth to some of comics’ most iconic character.
But over the years,
it also led to a lot of disputed credits and disgruntled co-creators.
For example, legend has it that one day
Lee told Kirby to “have the Fantastic Four fight God”,
which led to the creation of the eater of worlds, Galactus.
But when Lee saw the final art,
he noticed a curious chrome creature soaring through space:
The Silver Surfer.
He was entirely Kirby’s creation, but because Lee provided the words in the backstory,
he shares the credit with the King.
In fact, the Silver Surfer became one of Lee’s favorite characters,
there was an unwritten rule at Marvel that only Stan was allowed to write him.
As time went on,
the comics community began to resent Lee for hogging all the glory,
but you gotta understand, above all else,
Stan Lee was a company guy.
he was the living, breathing face of Marvel Comics,
and at the end of the day, he was kind of a publicity hound.
It was easy for the mainstream media to give Stan all the attentions,
simply because he was so visible, and so gosh darn charming,
But Lee was always quick to share the credit with his less well-known co-creators.
They think that the scripts were just mine,
but they would have been nothing if not for the artists that I worked with.
I just put the words in the people’s mouths,
I may have come up with the original idea
but after that it was a partnership.
His collaborators absolutely deserve all the accolades and royalties
they were denied throughout the years,
but that shouldn’t take away from Stan’s achievements, either.
Would Spider-Man be a success based solely on Ditko’s design?
But it was Stan who put words in Peter Parker’s mouth,
gave him a personality and made him the nebbish,
down-on-his-luck character that the entire world fell in love with.
Stan Lee’s skill at crafting compelling characters was second to none,
so much so that he eventually became one himself,
and in the process, transformed his readers into a tight-knit community.
Besides flawed heroes and fantastic villains,
one of Lee’s lesser-known innovations was
creating an editorial voice for Marvel as a whole.
Before Lee, there wasn’t that much interaction between comic fans and creators.
Sure there’s the odd letter page or two,
but for the most part, readers didn’t have a relationship with the people
who were writing, drawing and editing their favorite books.
Lee changed all that.
He mandated credits on opening splash pages
to shout out everyone who worked on an issue,
not just the writer and artists but the inkers and letterers, too.
Not only that, he gave them all memorable nicknames,
像是爱开玩笑的杰克·科比 花哨的约翰·罗密塔 害羞的史蒂芬·迪特科
like Jolly Jack Kirby, Jazzy John Romita, and Shy Steve Ditko.
Marvel’s staff became a bullpen of colorful creatives
that fans grew to know on a first-name basis,
and readers became True Believers,
who could interact with their heroes in unprecedented ways.
If you spotted a continuity error that slipped through the cracks,
you could write in with a clever explanation and win a No-Prize for your efforts.
Or, if you wanted to show off your fandom IRL,
you could join the Merry Marvel Marching Society
and enjoy all the swag one 1964 dollar could buy.
I wanted our readers to feel they’re part of a group, an inner circle,
and we’re all having a lot of fun that the rest of the world doesn’t know about.
Lee’s Bullpen Bulletins became a window into the inner workings of Marvel,
公告栏遍布的新闻 无数的内部糗事 还有心灵鸡汤
filled with news, endless inside jokes, and evocative editorials,
and some of the greatest use of alliterations in the history of the English language:
“A Profound Potpourri of Perplexing Pronouncements and Preposterous Philosophy,
all Portending Practically Nothing! “
or “A Titanic Treasure-Trove of Traumatically Tempting Tid-Bits
Tastefully Tossed Together to Tease and Tantalize Thee! “
or “Incredible Items and Inconceivable Info of Inestimable Importance!”
You get the idea.
Also buried in the Bulletins was Stan’s Soapbox,
where Lee’s voice really shined.
He became the ultimate hype man,
breathlessly exhorting the superiority of Marvel comics,
which he dubbed “The House of Ideas,”
and constantly ribbing DC, or, as he called them, the “Distinguished Competition.”
You broke my Batmobile!
Broke? Or made it better?
It was impossible to read Stan’s Soapbox
and not rush out to grab the next issue the second he signed off with his trademark motto.
Borrowed from the great state of New York:
It’s a brilliant bit of branding, but more than that,
it foreshadowed today’s environment for better or worse,
artists are more accessible than ever.
I would say that’s my principal objective,
to sort of elevate comics to the point where they’re a more respected medium of communication
and not thought of as merely something for young children.
But Stan used his platform
for more than just driving up sales and trashing Brand Echh.
Not now, Stan Lee!
He also transformed comics into a medium for change.
These days, there’s a lot of debate over whether comics have gone too political,
whether they moralize at the expense of an entertaining story.
But if you asked Stan,
he would tell you straight up that politics are built into the very core of comics.
At that time, everybody was turned off with the military-industrial complex.
Just for fun, I thought I’d make Iron Man,
a symbol of the military-industrial complex,
and I’d make the readers like him!
“A story without a message, ” he wrote,
“is like a man without a soul…
None of us lives in a vacuum,
and none of us is untouched by the everyday events which shape out stories,
just as they shape our lives.”
And, true to his word,
Lee tackled the issues of the day within the pages of his comics,
I tried to put him in the real world,
and gave him the kind of things that regular readers could relate to.
On top of his typical rogues gallery,
Spidey found himself dealing with ripped-from-the-headlines issues
就像越南草案 校园骚乱 和比较出名的毒品案
like the Vietnam draft, campus unrest, and famously, addiction,
when the US government commissioned Lee to write an anti-drug story in Spider-Man,
and he published it over the objections of the Comics Code Authority,
forever defanging the censorship board and freeing up abroad
to explore topics that pushed boundaries and change lives.
His work was very symbolic of the era that he lived in.
He really sort of took a lot of the stuff that was happening
and fused it into these characters.
On top of denouncing hate and bigotry in all its forms,
Lee was also a strong champion of representation,
co-creating some of comics’ first and greatest Black characters,
like Robbie Robertson, the Falcon,
and of course, Black Panther.
By the way, literally everything I talked about in this video,
happened before 1972.
好吧 60年代很有趣 现在我也能乐在其中
Well, the 60s were fun, but now I’m payin’ for it!
We’ve only scratched the surface of Lee’s long, complicated life,
which, towards the end, was rocked with some troubling developments.
During the last few years of his life,
Lee was accused of sexual misconduct by multiple women.
Also, as his health deteriorated,
his family, friends and hangers-on allegedly engaged
in a series of schemes to swindle his staggering wealth.
It’s a disheartening final chapter to Lee’s story,
but the legacy he leaves behind is bigger than any one man.
In helping create superheroes who thrilled and entertained us.
Stan Lee also taught us about power and responsibility,
about being weird and embracing what makes us different,
还有 不管世界想让你如何 要坚定信仰
and about staying true to your beliefs no matter what the world wants from you.
On a personal level,
he’s been a massive influence on me as a writer,
as you longtime Nerd fans may be aware from my attachment to awe-inspiring alliterations
that I adoringly adopted from him.
Honestly, he’s one of the most important writers of the 20th century,
but more than that, with his endless enthusiasm and copious charm,
Stan Lee felt like a friend.
You know, I guess one person can make a difference.
Thank you watching Nerds, this is one video I really wish I didn’t have to write.
I guess all I want to know is what is your favorite Stan Lee memory.
Do you have a specific story that touched you,
一个你喜欢的配角 一段采访 一个瞬间 任何东西都行 留下你的评论
a cameo that you loved, an interview, or moment, anything, leave a comment.
Let me know, please subscribe to NowThis Nerd.
and rest in peace, Stan Lee.