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圣彼得堡度假旅行指南 – 译学馆
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圣彼得堡度假旅行指南

St. Petersburg Vacation Travel Guide | Expedia

俄罗斯 圣彼得堡
St. Petersburg, Russia
圣彼得堡位于莫斯科西北约400英里(约644千米)处
St. Petersburg lies around 400 miles to the Northwest of Moscow.
依涅瓦河而建
Nestled on the Neva River,
沿河岸向四周展开
it spreads out from its banks
横跨河口三角洲内众多岛屿
and across a series of islands that lie within the river delta.
城内建有诸多奢华的宫殿
With a wealth of extravagant palaces,
壮观的教堂与华丽的花园
breathtaking cathedrals and magnificent gardens,
是名副其实的俄罗斯皇城
St. Petersburg is truly Russia’s Imperial city.
这些雄伟建筑与如画河道
Its grandiose architecture and picturesque canals
皆来自18世纪初
were born from the glittering ambition of
彼得大帝的雄心壮志
Peter the Great early in the 18th century,
以及俄罗斯皇室历代的修饰装点
and progressively gilded by generations of Russian royalty.
几个世纪以来 这座王朝力图建立
Over the centuries, this dynasty sought to create
一座与欧洲各大城市相匹敌的城市
a city to rival the greatest cities of Europe,
当你踏上这里的鹅卵石街道
And as you step onto the cobblestone streets here,
你就会发现他们做到了
you’ll discover they succeeded.
大多游客都是从圣彼得堡市中心
Most visitors start their adventures
开始他们的冒险之旅
right in the heart of historic St. Petersburg.
冬宫广场上伫立着亚历山大纪念柱
Palace Square is dominated by the Alexander Column
冬宫也坐落于此
and is home to the Winter Palace.
这座纪念宫殿是凯瑟琳大帝的遗产
This monumental palace is a legacy of Catherine the Great
为展现俄罗斯帝国的权势与力量而建
and was designed to reflect the might and power of Imperial Russia.
想要体验俄罗斯最为奢华的建筑
Experience some of the country’s most extravagant architecture
可以到这座城市的主道——涅瓦大街逛一逛
by strolling along Nevsky Prospect, the city’s main avenue.
在修建圣彼得堡时
During St. Petersburg’s construction,
彼得大帝禁止俄罗斯其他地区使用石材
Peter the Great banned the use of stone elsewhere in Russia,
使财富与人才都涌向这座城市
so wealth and talent poured into the city.
参观滴血救世主教堂
Visit the Church of the Saviour on the Spilled Blood,
可以一览其内奇异非凡的马赛克
with its extraordinary mosaics,
与另一建筑瑰宝——喀山大教堂
and Kazan Cathedral, another architectural gem.
沿河继续前行 就可以到达圣以撒大教堂
Further along the river is St Isaac’s cathedral,
一百多年以来 教堂的镀金圆顶一直在俄罗斯的阳光下闪闪发光
whose gold plated dome has been glittering under Russia’s sun for more than 100 years.
爬到高处 可以将这座城市的美景尽收眼底
Climb to the top for superb views over the city.
圣彼得堡也具有重要的战略意义
St. Petersburg was also important strategically,
因为它保证了俄罗斯全年都可以进入波罗的海
as it gave Russia a year-round gateway to the Baltic Sea.
欣赏海军部大楼的金色塔尖
Admire the golden spire of the Admiralty building
超过1万名商人日夜在此工作
where more than 10,000 tradesmen toiled around the clock
建造俄罗斯首批战舰
to create Russia’s first warships.
河的对面便是彼得保罗要塞
Just across the river is the Peter and Paul Fortress,
圣彼得堡的旧址
St. Petersburg’s original citadel.
城内最古老的教堂就是这座大教堂
The cathedral here is the oldest church in the city
也是众多俄罗斯皇帝与皇后最后的长眠之所
and the final resting place of many Russian Emperors and Empresses.
俄罗斯的帝国时代或许已经结束
The days of Imperial Russia may be over
但市内的王室建筑内仍回荡着昔日的背叛与阴谋
but the echoes of treachery and intrigue still resonate in regal estates all over the city.
乘水翼船来到彼得宫与花园建筑群
Take a hydrofoil to the sumptuous Peterhof Palace and Gardens complex
此处是为了与凡尔赛宫相抗衡而建
which was created to rival the Palace of Versailles in France.
可以站在阶梯瀑布波光粼粼的水池前
Stand before the shimmering waters of the Great Cascade,
欣赏这项伟大的工程成就——60多个喷泉完全不靠水泵依旧喷流不息
a triumph of engineering with more than 60 fountains runing entirely without pumps.
城市的东南部坐落着凯瑟琳宫
To the South East of the city is the Catherine Palace,
屋顶镀金超过100千克
its roof gilded with more than 100 kilograms of gold.
回到市中心 游览夏宫和花园
Back in the heart of the city, visit the Summer Palace and Gardens.
想象这里曾经的奢华球形装饰
Imagine the extravagant balls that were once held here
看看沙皇彼得大帝规划的雅致运河系统
and see where Tsar Peter planned the graceful canal system
流过城内诸多岛屿
that spreads throughout the city’s many islands.
这些雅致的水道上架有300多座桥梁
These elegant waterways, crossed by over 300 bridges,
与城内的尖塔完美呼应
are the perfect compliment to the city’s soaring spires.
夕阳西下之时 乘运河游船去发现圣彼得堡夜晚的浪漫氛围
As the sun sets, take a canal cruise to discover the romance of St. Petersburg at night.
旅程中经过的密布吊桥网
Pass through a network of draw-bridges on a journey
展现出了彼得大帝的远见
that shows the true scale of Peter the Great’s vision.
浪漫 繁华 而又壮观的
Romantic, opulent and spectacular,
圣彼得堡是俄罗斯皇家历史的光辉证明
St. Petersburg is a glittering testament to Russia’s royal history
也赞颂着一个人梦想的巨大力量
and a celebration of the power of one man’s dream.

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彼得大帝与圣彼得堡

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