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自然与动物: 动物尸体的法医鉴定 – 译学馆
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自然与动物: 动物尸体的法医鉴定

Solving Crimes Against Animals With Forensic Experts

欢迎来到国家鱼类和野生动物
– Welcome to the National Fish and Wildlife
法医实验室 在俄勒冈的阿什兰
Forensics Laboratory in Ashland, Oregon.
我们的实验室工作很像一个警察的犯罪实验室
Our laboratory works very much like a police crime lab,
我们在这里鉴别证据 并且我们尝试
in that we identify evidence and we try to
将疑犯、受害者、犯罪现场和这证据联系起来
link suspect, victim, crime scene together with that evidence.
一个很大的区别就是我们的受害者是非人类的动物
The big difference is that our victim is a non-human animal.
我是肯·戈达德 是这间实验室的负责人
I’m Ken Goddard and the directory of this laboratory.
当我们的代理人抓到证据
When our agents seize evidence,
在国境、海关中心或是其他任何地方
at a border, a custom center, wherever,
这些证据都会打包装运给我们
that evidence will be packaged and shipped to us.
我们的工作是分析这些证据并收集起来
Our job is to analyze evidence, collect it for wildlife
用于野生动物的执法调查
law enforcement investigations.
总体来说 我们的实验室主要是服务于野生动物保护法
Our laboratory primarily supports wildlife laws in general,
尤其是濒危物种法案
specifically the endangered species act.
可惜的是 我们是全球唯一一间全方位的
Sadly, we’re the only full service crime
野生动物犯罪实验室
lab for wildlife in the world.
我们也希望不是 可惜这就是现实
We would like not to be, but that’s our reality.
野生动物贸易的问题是巨大的
The illness of wildlife trade is huge,
它每年的交易额大约在
it’s probably in the neighborhood of
170、180、190亿美元左右
17, 18, 19 billion dollars a year.
我们确实正冲击着这些贸易
We’re certainly impacting the trade,
但这是一个极度困难的工作
but it’s a desperately, difficult job.
以下介绍的是一部分
Here are some of the scientists that
帮助我们处理动物犯罪的科学家
help us solve crimes against animals.
我们的兽医病理专家是贝奇·卡根
Our veterinary pathologist is Dr. Becky Kagan.
我的工作是对所有来到这里的动物进行剖检
– My job is to autopsy all of the animals
努力找出为什么它们会死
that come in here and try to figure out why they died.
今天我要解剖两只鸟 它们都是秃头鹰
Today I have two birds: they’re both bald eagles;
他们是被发现死亡的野生动物
they’re wild animals that are found dead.
我的工作是找出 这其中是否涉及犯罪
My job is to figure out, was there a crime involved.
我们可以在这间实验室进行CT扫描
We can do CT scanning here at the lab,
我们拍照 并做交替生活来源测试
we take photographs, we do alternate life source exam
帮助我们解决对动物死亡原因的疑问
to help us solve the puzzle of why this animal died.
作为犯罪实验室的典型工作 我们工作的一部分
– One aspect of our work that’s typical of a crime lab
就是将已知的和未知的作对比
is we compare a known against an unknown.
我的的鉴别工作 有时候会是羽毛
For us to identify, let’s say a feather
有时候是鉴别骨头
or maybe to identify the bones.
我们会与已知动物的组织作对比
We would compare that against tissue from a known animal
或者是骨架 另一位同事
or to a skeleton and the fellow responsible
尊尼·弗伦奇 负责我们数量庞大的收藏品
for our huge collection, is Johnnie French.
我们的藏品是3万5千件左右的标本
– Our collection is 35,000 specimens, give or take,
我们这里的一切
everything that we have here,
都是来自捐赠或是被海关没收的
is either been donated or was seized in customs.
收藏品的独特性帮助了我们
The uniqueness of our collection helps us,
某程度上让我们了解到野生动物贸易中所看到的最新情况
kinda keep abreast of what we see in the wildlife trade.
大多数时候 我们需要将肉从骨头中分离
Most of the time, we have to remove meat from bone,
目的是检验样品
in order to examine specimens or to
或是将它们制作成我们的参考样品
get them into our reference collection.
最容易的方式 是将尸体
Easiest way to do that is, take the carcass
扔到装满食肉甲虫的储存箱里
and chuck it in the flesh eating beetle tank.
这些甲虫对扔在箱里的尸体 完成侵食之后
After the beetles are finished with the carcass
我们会将它们清洗数次
that we threw in there, we’ll wash them a couple of times
然后这个骨架就准备好用于收藏了
and then the bones are ready for the collection.
肯:负责遗传学部门的是玛丽·柯蒂斯博士
– [Ken] Heading up our genetics section is Dr. Mary Curtis.
遗传学部门对实验室的运作
– The genetics team is important to the
是很重要的 因为我们负责的物件
functioning of the lab because we look at items
是实验室其他部门无法辨别的
that other parts of the lab can’t identify.
它们可能已被精雕细琢
Items that might be crafted to the point
使得你无法说出它们原本来自什么动物
where you can’t tell what their origin is.
由于我们可以获得超过4万件的个体组织样本
So we have access to over 40,000 individual tissue samples
在我们的参考样本里
in our reference collection that
我们用来鉴别不同的物种
we use to identify different species.
在实验室里面 一个更有趣的人
– One of the more interesting people in our lab
就是佩珀·教授 我们的鸟类学者
is Dr. Pepper Trail, our ornithologist.
我是一位鸟类学者 一位鸟类专家
– I’m an ornithologist, a bird expert,
我会看鸟类的证物
so I look at bird evidence and use
用参考标本去和证物对比
reference specimens to compare to evidence items
去确认鸟的种类
to confirm the identifications.
我们收到的证物种类是各式各样的
The kinds of evidence that we receive is incredibly variant.
我们收到的有状况良好的、完整的尸体
We receive everything from complete dead carcasses
也有只是几袋骨头的证物
in good condition, to just bags of bones.
在这里工作的期间 我已经鉴定了超过750种鸟类
I’ve identified over 750 species in the course of my work
这会是一个非常好的
here, which would be a pretty good
百鸟谱
life list for a lot of birders.
大量的国际野生动物贸易
The magnitude of the international
正受到冲击
wildlife trade is staggering.
每天 当进入我们的实验室
Everyday, into our laboratory comes
迎面而来的依旧是来自世界各地的动物尸体
remains of dead animals from around the world
还有一些需要我们提供信息
and someone needs to provide the information needed
去对野生动物犯罪进行制裁
to bring wildlife criminals to justice.
有时候这是个让人悲伤的工作 但是
It’s sometimes a sad job, but it’s
这是非常重要的工作 对于能成为这工作的一份子 我感到很光荣
a very important job, and I’m proud to be a part of it.
(鼓舞人心的音乐)
(inspiring music)

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视频概述

除了在人类社会,动物界也充满了犯罪——野生动物贸易,一些动物死亡后会被送往法医鉴定,以作鉴定

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DaToaxxLjuk

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