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Snatoms!磁性分子建模套件

Snatoms! The Magnetic Molecular Modeling Kit

想象这是一个氢原子。
Imagine this is an hydrogen atom.
这,是另外一个。
This, is another one,
然后这两个就成了氢分子
and then this is H2, the hydrogen molecule.
你可以把它们拆开,加入一个氧原子,就构成了水分子。
You can break it apart, add an oxygen atom and make H2O—water.
如果一个碳原子加上四个氢原子,就构成了甲烷分子。
A carbon with four hydrogens, that is methane.
你可以将其与水结合就成了甲醇。
And you can actually combine it with water to make: methanol.
这些就是Snatoms,磁性分子建模工具
These are Snatoms, The Magnetic Molecular Modeling Kit.
我叫德里克·穆勒,是Youtube Veritasium的视频制作者。
And I am Derek Muller, the creator of a Youtube channel called Veritasium,
近300万名订户。
which has nearly 3 million suscribers.
通过我的视频,我教世界上成千上万的人科学知识。
Through my videos, I teach science virtually to millions of people around the world.
但有些事情的学习最好是实践。
But some things are best learned hands-on.
就像化学,如你所见,原子是不可能看得到的。
Like chemistry. I mean, atoms are impossible to see
并且对于学生来说,化学符号很难记忆。
and chemical notation can be very confusing for students.
这就是为什么,我在创建Veritasium前,七年的化学老师生涯时
And that is why, as a teacher for 7 years before I started Veritasium,
我一直希望,有这种东西的存在。
I’ve always wished that something like this existed.
Snatoms在改善在球模型时,考虑了三个方面:
Snatoms are an improvement over ball-and-stick models for three reasons:
1)使他们更快在一起,分开。
1) They’re quicker to put together and break apart,
2)另外,使上他们更好地表现出一个分子的样子。
2) Plus, they’re a better representation of what a molecule actually looks like.
我的意思是,他们不是粘在一起的, 而是重叠的电子轨道。
I mean, bonds are not sticks. They are overlapping electron orbitals.
3)最重要的是,Snatoms让你感觉原子之间的吸引力。
3) And most important, Snatoms allow you to feel the attraction between atoms.
这有助于打破对连接物中的所储存能量的误解。
And that helps break the misconception that bonds store energy.
这是我和Hank Green在脱口秀上谈到的。
This is something that I talked to Hank Green about on SciShow Talk Show.
Derek:这些能量从哪里来。
Derek: Where is the energy coming from?
Hank:化学链中啊兄弟
Hank: The bonds, man.
Derek:但是我关心的就是这个,你真的认为能量从化学链中来吗。
Derek: But my concern is this, right? If you think that there really is energy in bonds,
Hank:是的。
Hank: Yup.
Derek:那你能想象某些东西让他们分开,
Derek: Then you would imagine something like breaking those bonds open
并且释放能量。
releases that energy.
Hank:恩。
Hank: Right.
Derek:不是那样的!
Derek: Which is totally false!
Hank:那是真的。
Hank: That is true.
Derek:这是我的观点。
Derek: This is my point!
(笑声)
(laughter)
Derek:他们之间的化学连接形成能量
Derek: It’s the formation of bonds that releases energy,
和它的化学链断裂时释放能量
and it’s the breaking of bonds which takes energy.
通过Snatoms,你可以很容易地感觉到你如何让他们断裂的
With Snatoms, you can easily feel the work you need to do to break a bond, and you
你也可以听到形成链接时的声音。
can hear the energy released when a new bond forms. [click]
我曾经开发Snatoms超过两年。
I’ve been developing Snatoms for over two years.
我第一原型的聚苯乙烯泡沫塑料球,我把磁铁放在里面。
The first prototypes I made out of Styrofoam balls that I cut and put magnets in.
你可能在我的Instagram看过这张照片。
You may have seen this picture on my Instagram.
然后我为这个项目做了图纸,和3d印刷
Then I made drawings for the project and had them 3D printed
然后我创建了一些注塑原型
And then I created some injection molded prototypes
我在视频“5个有趣的物理现象”中展示过。
which I spray-painted and used in my video ”5 Fun Physics Phenomena”
现在我需要你的帮助使这个项目成为现实。
Now I need your help to make this project a reality.
Veritasium已经给我展示了,数百万人支持这个项目
Veritasium has showed me that there are millions of people out there passionate
用来帮助别人理解科学。
about helping others understand science.
如果你同意我的意见,这将有助于Snatoms的研制。
So if you agree with me that this would help and Snatoms should exist in the world,
然后我用基金来购买所需的生产模具和磁铁来实现这一点。
then help me fund the production molds and magnets required to make this happen.
一个基本Snatoms工具包中将包括
A basic Snatoms kit would include
6个碳原子,6个氧原子
6 carbon atoms, 6 oxygens
和12个氢原子。
and 12 hydrogens.
这是构成葡萄糖的基本原子。
That’s all the atoms you need to make glucose, the basic sugar molecule.
当然,您可以构建这个构建块
But of course with this building blocks you can build
或者其他各种各样的分子
hundreds of other molecules.
我也会制作一些视频视频来解释了如何使用Snatoms
And I will make some video guides explaining how to use Snatoms
用了了解分子,化学结合,几何
to learn about molecules, chemical bonding, geometry
和化学方程式。
and balancing equations.
如果我们第一步成功我将添加另一个元素在延伸到工具包中,
And, if we reach a stretch target I will add another element to the kit,
像氮,再接下来进一步我会进一步延伸目标,去开发一个应用程序
like nitrogen. Plus if we reach a further stretch target I will build an app
在gamify学习的过程中,允许用户学习
that will gamify the process of learning, allowing users to learn
新分子和研究他们的进展。
about new molecules and capture their progress.
我认为最好的学习科学的方式,是从小开始实践。
I think the best way to learn science is hands-on from a young age,
如果你想帮助我实现这一点,请支持Kickstarter。
and if you want to help me make this happen, then support this Kickstarter.
你不需要买一套Snatoms(虽然这样很有帮助)
You don’t have to buy a set of Snatoms (though that definitely would help)
但是如果你认为这是一个好想法,只需要在Facebook和Twitter上跟你的朋友分享它。
But if you think is a good idea just share it with your friends on Twitter or Facebook.
我真的非常感谢你的支持,并且我想帮助全球各地的人们
I really appreciate your support and I look forward to helping the world
除了在网上,还可以通过实践来学习科学。
learn science physically in addition to through the internet.

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https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=He30D8M5fNc

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