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智能手机是节能新模式?

Smartphones: A New Model for Energy Efficiency?

Hi, this is Alex, from MinuteEarth.
嗨 这里是《分钟地球》 我是Alex
Back in the early 2000s,
回到21世纪初
lots of people couldn’t have imagined
人们不敢想象
life without alarm clocks, CD players, calendars, cameras,
如果没有闹钟 光盘 播放器 日历 照相机等设备
or lots of other devices.
生活会是什么样子
But along came the iPhone and other smartphones,
但随着苹果手机和其他智能手机的面世
and they took over the functions of dozens of things we used to think were essential.
它们囊括了我们以往必备的设备功能
The smartphone story could even be a model for fighting climate change;
智能手机甚至成为了对抗气候变化的典范
not because smartphones use a fraction of
不是因为它所消耗的能量
the energy of all the things they replace
只占它所接管的功能中的一小部分
– although they do –
尽管确实如此
but because they represent a different approach to design in general.
而是因为它代表了一种不同的设计方法
And that approach is to focus on function rather than form.
这种方法就是注重功能而不是形式
That requires focusing on understanding the underlying problem,
这需要努力理解潜在的问题
and then engineering a wide spectrum of potential solutions.
然后设计出一系列可能的解决方案
This approach could revolutionize how we think about energy efficiency.
这种方法可以彻底改变我们对节能的认知
Traditionally,
传统意义上来讲
improvements in energy efficiency have mostly focused on individual devices,
节能主要表现在提高单个设备的效率
which can be quite fruitful.
这样做成效很大
But focusing on individual devices is kind of
但如果专注于单个设备
like if Apple had spent effort inventing
就像苹果手机花了大力气研发
a better alarm clock, a better CD player,
一款更好的闹钟 一台更好的播放器
a better calendar, and a better camera.
一个更好的日历 一台更好的照相机
With an iPhone, we don’t need the standalone devices at all,
有了苹果手机 我们就完全不再需要上述的独立设备
because it can function as all of them.
因为苹果手机包含了它们的所有功能
So when it comes to using energy efficiently,
所以 当提到节能
rather than just installing a more efficient furnace,
比起安装一个更高效的火炉
some people focused instead on the desired fanction:
一些人转而专注于想要的功能
staying warm.
即保持温暖
They designed and insulated their house
他们设计出隔热的房子
so well that they could get rid of their furnace altogether,
如此一来就可以完全淘汰火炉
letting them heat their house with 99% less energy.
使他们少用99%的供暖能源
In the same vein, rather than just making cars more efficient,
同样的 如果不再专注于使私家车更高效
what if we focus on the desired function
而是专注于想要的功能上
– getting where we want when we want –
——想去哪儿就去哪儿
and create an efficient transportation system
然后建立一个高效的交通系统
where we can drive less or get rid of the personal cars entirely?
使我们更少驾车甚至完全淘汰私家车 会怎样呢?
The most energy efficient car or furnace is no car, or no furnace,
最节能的汽车是没有汽车 最节能的火炉是没有火炉
while still being able to get around and stay warm.
然而我们仍能去各个地方 仍能保暖
In other words, it’s not thinking efficient, it’s thinking different.
换句话说 我们应该去思考区别而不是效率
This video was sponsored by the University of Minnesota,
本视频由明尼苏达大学赞助播出
where students, faculty and staff across all fields of study
该大学里各个专业的学生和全体教职工人员
are working to solve the Grand Challenges facing society.
正在努力解决社会面临的巨大挑战
One of these challenges is assuring clean water and sustainable ecosystems,
挑战之一就是维护水资源和可持续生态系统
which includes figuring out how to use energy in a way that doesn’t contribute to climate change.
如找出一种不会导致气候变化的能源利用方法
At the Humphrey School of Public Affairs, professor Gabe Chan
汉弗瑞公共事务学校的Gabe Chan教授
studies innovation in energy systems
研究能源系统创新
and how to make policies that accelerate that innovation.
及怎样制订加快这种创新的政策
And at the Law School, Professor Alexandra Klass
法律学校的Alexandra Klass教授
investigates the legal and regulatory challenges
研究围绕能源利用及运输上的
surrounding energy use and energy transportation.
法律与监管方面的挑战
Thanks University of Minnesota!
衷心感谢苏明尼达大学

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视频概述

本视频以智能手机为例,为我们节能提供了一个新思路,随着视频的深入讲解,我们会发现节能新思路的妙处。

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h-35s4C3q-s

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