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一枚硬币背后的隐情 – 译学馆
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一枚硬币背后的隐情

Small change big protest I Tom objects!

这个展览背后有一些大型反抗运动
This exhibition has some big acts of resistance in it
以及一些短暂的小型反抗运动
and also has some very small almost ephemeral acts ofresistance in it
我将要讲述的是一起超大型反抗事件
Here, I’m going to talk about a very, very big act of resistance
但其代表物品却非常小
but an object that is very very small
这是一枚捷克斯洛伐克王室硬币
It’s this coin here, it’s Czechoslovakian crown
由Maria Uchytilová于1957年设计
designed in 1957 by Maria Uchytilová
我捷克语很差 所以不会再重复那个名字了
My Czech is terrible so I’m not going to say that again
她参加了一个硬币设计比赛
She entered a competition to design this coin
这不是随便一枚硬币
that’s not just any coin
而是当时捷克政权最重要的货币单位
this is the most important unit of account
捷克斯洛伐克的这种硬币
the equivalent of the pound coin effectively
相当于一英镑硬币
the equivalent of the pound coin effectively
一直处于流通状态
and remained in circulation right up
直至1989年共产主义统治结束
until after the end of communism in 1989
硬币上的肖像是一位普通女性
The portrait on the coin is of a sort of generic female
你也可将其理解为抽象人物形象
like an allegorical figure if you like
她单膝跪地 正在浇灌椴树
and she’s kneeling to plant the linden tree
椴树是捷克的国树
which is the national tree ofCzechoslovakia
不过 她并不是“泛指”
except she’s not generic at all
硬币上描绘的是一个真实存在的人
This is actually a portrait of a living person
当时没人知道她的身份
nobody knew this at the time
那么她是谁呢?
so who is she
她是一名被囚禁的异见者
Well, she was an imprisoned dissident
她是一名侦查队的领导
She was a scout leader
名为Bedřiška Synková
known as Bedřiška Synková
硬币设计比赛启动的两三年前
And a couple of years before the competition was announced
她领导着一个地下侦查组织
she’d been leading a banned scouting group
捷克共产党禁止了所有侦查活动
The Czechoslovak Communist Party banned all scouting
并推行“开拓者”运动
and instead introduced his own version called the Pioneers
抓捕非法组织的领袖
and it arrested anyone who was still leading groups
但Bedřiška Synková认为自己不会被抓捕
Now, Bedřiška Synková shedidn’t think she was going to be arrested
她觉得他们会放过自己
she thought they were sort of like leave her alone
这么想就大错特错了
That was a big mistake
她被抓走 并且判处十年监禁
She was arrested and sentenced to ten years in prison
她的母亲与雕刻家Marie Uchytilová在同一所机构工作
Now her mother was working at the same institution as the sculptor Marie Uchytilová
Marie Uchytilová从她母亲那里得知她的遭遇
And Marie Uchytilová learned about this through her mother
听到对她的处置 她极其愤怒
And she was extremely angry at hearing of her treatment
因此她说 “我要参加硬币设计比赛
and so she said well I’m going to enter this coin competition
给我一张你女儿的照片 我会让她出现在硬币上”
give me a portrait of your daughter and I’ll put it on the coin
她正是这么做的
And that’s exactly what she did
她并没有赢得比赛
She didn’t win the competition
评委挑选并宣布入围比赛的设计
and the entries were selected
她并未在其中
and she wasn’t among them
这时 财政部介入了比赛 并说
And then the Ministry of Finance intervened and said
“我并不喜欢这项获奖的设计”
not actually I don’t like the winning design choose this one
然后他选择了Marie Uchytilová的设计
and he chose Marie Uchytilová’s design
最后她使这位被囚禁的异见者登上了捷克的硬币
So she got this imprisoned dissident onto the Czechslovak coin

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视频概述

在捷克斯洛伐克的硬币上,有一位双膝跪地、浇灌椴树的女性。这位女性是谁呢? 让我们跟着视频一起了解硬币背后的故事吧。

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q3VNFWNGipM

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