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将时间变缓(在写作和电影中) – 译学馆
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将时间变缓(在写作和电影中)

Slowing down time (in writing & film) - Aaron Sitze

当我16岁时遭遇了第一场车祸
I got in my first car accident when I was sixteen.
当时我刚拿到驾照正开车回家
I had just gotten my license and I was driving home
当另一辆车驶入交叉路口时
when a car pulled into the intersection
砰!它撞上了我
and bang! It hit me.
它发生的太快
It had happened that quick.
砰!
Bang!
可是当我回忆那个时刻时
But when I play that memory back,
它发生了不止两秒钟
it doesn’t take two seconds.
我看着车轮滚过了停止路标
I see the tires of the car rolling through the stop sign,
我甚至想到
I have time to think,
“我很清楚 那辆车就要撞上我了”
“You know, I think that car is going to hit me.”
我看到右边角的引擎盖
I see the right-hand corner of the hood
像打开的罐头盖一样翻卷了起来
crumple up like tin foil,
我看到剥落的红色油漆飘飞在空中
I see the red paint flake off and drift off into the air,
我能清晰的看到这些 好像是以慢动作发生的
I can see all of that, like it’s happening in slow motion.
在我的记忆中 这个过程经过了十秒
In my memory, that experience takes ten seconds.
可是为什么?
But why?
为什么我们的记忆回放时间
Why did that memory play back longer
比实际发生的时间要长?
than the actual time it took?
这是个有趣的现象
This is an interesting phenomenon
不只是在车祸中会发生
and it’s not just for car accidents,
翻滚的雪橇
a roller coaster,
或是初吻
or a first kiss.
经历这些事的时间好像都比真实时间要长
These events seem to take longer than they actually take.
可到底是为什么?
But why?
当在描写这些经历时
And when it comes to writing about that experience,
我要如何让他人也感受到这种特别的感觉
how do I get that peculiar feeling across?
当我作为作者时要如何才能让时间慢下来?
How do I slow down time as a writer?
想要找到答案 我们要参考一下好莱坞
To get the answer, we have to visit Hollywood.
你会发现 制片人创造慢镜头的方法
You see, the way filmmakers create slow motion
能为我们在写作中创造慢镜头提供借鉴
will tell us a lot about how writers can create slow motion.
首先 我们先想想电影是如何制作的
First, let’s remember how film works.
当镜头打开 它并非在记录动作
When the camera turns on, it’s not recording motion,
而是拍摄了大量独立的画面
it’s taking lots and lots of individual pictures.
当这些画面在投影仪上播放时
Then when those pictures are played back in the projector,
他们被混合在一起创造出了动态的效果
they blend together and create the appearance of motion,
像是翻书动画
like a flip book.
现在 我们想象摄像师
So, let’s imagine that a camera man needs
想拍摄女演员在一片雏菊花海中舞蹈
to film his actress skipping through a field of daisies
这样的常见动作
in regular motion.
准备 开始
Ready, action.
她跳跃着穿过花海
She skips across the field,
影像记录下来
he records it,
然后……卡
and…cut.
现在我们来说点简单的数学
Let’s say for the sake of easy math
摄影师拍了50张图片
that our camera man took 50 pictures,
一个50帧的影像
50 little frames on that length of film.
现在 我们将它回放
Now, let’s take that film and play it back
以每5秒50帧的速度播放
at the rate of 50 frames per 5 seconds.
这个速度是恒定的
This rate is constant,
投影仪以固定的速度运作
the projector will always go at the same speed.
很容易得出 我们有50帧 所以我们的影片长5秒
It’s easy, we got 50 frames, so our film takes 5 seconds.
她在花海中跳跃
She skips across the field…
……然后 卡!
…and cut!
那么 我们要如何在电影中将时间慢下来
So, then, how do we slow down time in film?
我们要怎样才能创造出慢动作?
How do we create slow motion?
结果可能会让你惊讶 我们不应减少画面
Maybe this is a surprise, but we don’t take less pictures,
而是拍摄更多地画面
we take more pictures.
准备 开始!
Ready, action!
她在花海中跳跃
She skips across the field,
记录下来
he records it,
然后 卡
and cut.
现在我们有更多的画面了 更长的影片长度
Now we have a lot of film, a long length,
就称其为100帧的长度
let’s say 100 frames long.
现在 进行回放
Now, when we play it back,
播放持续了更长的时间
it takes a longer time to get through,
女演员以慢动作行动着
and there’s the actress in slow motion.
在雏菊花海中舞蹈!
Skipping through the field of daisies!
现在我们回归到写作中
Which brings us now to writing.
当你在叙事时
When you’re writing a narrative,
也许会想用慢动作展现某一场景
you may want to use slow motion in one of your scenes.
这是个很酷的效果 就像好莱坞中的电影
It’s a cool effect, just like it is in Hollywood,
它能使读者全神关注于某个关键动作
and it draws the reader’s attention to important moments.
好了 接下来就是你该做到的
Well, here’s how you do it.
你看 当你阅读时
You see, when we read,
你的大脑将文字转换成画面
our brain makes the words into pictures
接着画面混合成了动作
and the pictures blend into action.
所以我们所读到的会成为我们所见的
So what we read is what we see
当我们沉浸于阅读中时
in the time it takes us to read it.
比如 想象你正在描写
For example, imagine you’re writing a narrative
你在冠军赛中决定胜负的一记罚球
about your game-winning free throw in the championship game.
这时作为一位作者
Here’s a moment as a writer
你想让这一刻慢下来
that you might want to slow down time
来捕捉每一秒钟的紧张感
to really capture the second-by-second tension
由一刻所产生
produced by the scene.
你全神贯注
You concentrate,
提起笔悬于纸上
you put the pencil to paper,
你非常想将那一刻慢下来
you really want to slow down time,
你写到
you write,
“我投中了
“I shot the ball in the hoop.
时间慢了下来 我们赢了”
Time slowed down. Then we won.”
读完这些 只需两秒钟
To read that, takes two seconds;
因此 你的文字带来的想象也只有两秒
therefore, your reader imagines a scene that takes two seconds.
球飞起了 落下了 结束了
Ball goes up, comes down, done.
看 即便你写到“时间慢下来了”
See, even though you wrote, “time slowed down,”
你并没有给读者带来你想要的效果
you didn’t achieve that effect for your reader.
只是这么写并不代表它就会发生
Just saying it doesn’t make it happen.
现在 我们用从电影中学到的方法
Now, let’s take what we make about film,
用更多地画面将时间慢下来
time slows down with more pictures,
再试一次
and try again.
这次我们写更多内容
This time write A LOT more.
“我弯曲膝盖 轻轻松手
“I bent my knees and held the ball loosely.
篮球最后一次从地板上弹起
Letting the ball bounce on the floor once more,
我凝神思索
I gathered my thoughts.
就是这一刻
This was the moment.
那一刻我轻轻跳起伸展右臂 球离手了
My right arm extended as I released the ball with a gentle flick,
它轻微旋转着在空中划出一道弧线向着篮筐而去
it rotated slightly as it arched toward the rim.
我屏住了呼吸
I held my breath.
球撞上了篮板
The ball nudged the back rim,
从篮网中掉落发出了轻轻的让人兴奋的嗖嗖声
falling through the net with a gentle, satisfying swish.
人们站了起来 人群爆发出一阵欢呼”
And the crowd exploded from their seats.”
看 我们刚通过描写将这一刻慢了下来
See, we just slowed down time through our writing.
着重点在于:
The bottom line is this:
人生中有些时刻感觉
there are moments in life that take longer
比实际上更长
than they actually take.
当你计划进行叙事描写时
When you’re planning out your narrative,
想到这些时刻
think about those moments,
这些时刻感觉比钟表所示时间要长
those snippets of life that took longer than the watch:
听到坏消息的时候
the moment of hearing bad news,
听到好消息的时候
the moment of hearing good news,
当你意识到那个跳跃成功了的兴奋时刻
the moment of exhilaration when you realize you hit the jump,
或是当你意识到你无法到达的时候
or the moment when you realize you aren’t going to land it.
当你在叙事中描写到这些时刻时
Once you identify these moments in your narrative,
你可以在写作中使用这个方法实现慢动作描写
you can use this effect of slow motion when you write.
要记住 只是写出“时间慢下来了”是不够的
Just remember, it’s not enough to say, “time slowed down”
只是空洞的堆积一些形容词
and it’s not enough to throw a couple adjectives
便觉得可以结束了 这也是不够的
in a sentence and call them done, either
单纯的叙事描写确实是不错的描写方式
Descriptive writing is good writing, that’s true.
但若是你想表达出人生的慢动作中体验到的情感
But if you want to express the feeling of slow motion in life,
你需要在文字中加入
you have to actually take up
更多地实物描写
more physical space on the page,
使用更多地电影式叙述方法
use more film so to speak.
通过这样的方式 你能创造出有情感的文字
In doing so, you will create tension
保持读者的好奇心
and keep your reader interested.
用这样的方法 当你下次进行写作时
And that way, the next time you write,
在写作中你就可以自己控制镜头了
you’ll control the camera of your own writing.

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