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睡眠不足会加重疾病导致的疼痛 – 译学馆
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睡眠不足会加重疾病导致的疼痛

Sleep loss increases pain

So anyone who’s had persistent back pain knows
所以 任何有持续性背痛的人都知道
that they don’t sleep well when they’re in pain,
他们背疼时会睡不好
but what they also know is that,
但是 他们也知道
when they don’t sleep well, it hurts more the next day.
睡眠不好的时候 第二天后背会更疼
And so, what we tried to do with this study is
所以 我们试图通过这项研究
provide some brain data to support this,
提供一些大脑数据来支持这个观点
and also to answer the question, how does this happen,
也为了回答以下问题 它是如何产生的
how does sleep affect pain.
睡眠如何影响疼痛
So we took a group of undergraduates,
所以 我们找了一群本科生
healthy undergraduates, and brought them into the lab twice.
健康的本科生 让他们两次进入实验室
They did the experiment twice.
做了两次实验
Under one condition, they slept a whole night in our lab,
一种情况下 他们一整晚都睡在我们的实验室
they came to the fMRI scanner,
他们来到fMRI扫描仪前
and we recorded their brain activity while we gave them pain to the leg.
我们记录下刺痛他们腿部时的大脑活动
And then they did the exact same experiment again
然后 他们又做了同样的实验
except they did not sleep at all the night before.
只是前一天晚上他们没有睡觉
And so, we found some surprising changes.
因此 我们发现了一些令人惊讶的变化
The sleep-deprived brain seems to let more pain in,
睡眠不足的大脑似乎会接受更多的痛感
and that corresponds with these increased regions.
而这与这些区域的增加相对应
But at the same time,
但与此同时
the regions that were reduced in activity
活动减少的区域
were the same regions that normally would evaluate pain
通常与评估痛感
and coordinate the brain’s painkilling response to alleviate pain.
并协调大脑止痛以减轻痛感的区域相同
So it’s our hope that this study will bring
因此 我们希望这项研究能让人们
greater attention to the role of sleep in treatment,
更加关注睡眠在治疗中的作用
particularly for pain.
尤其是对疼痛的治疗
If we can reduce the use of opiate narcotics,
如果我们能减少阿片类麻醉品的使用
we can hopefully reduce addiction rates
我们就有希望降低成瘾率
and the dependency on these drugs
和对这些药物的依赖
that in fact actually disrupt sleep,
而这些药物实际上会扰乱睡眠
and the hope is that we can reduce hospital stay times.
希望我们能减少住院时间
The one thing we’ve learned about sleep is
关于睡眠 我们了解到的一件事是
that it touches every system in the body,
它涉及身体的每一个系统
so good sleep is not only good for pain,
所以 良好的睡眠不仅对疼痛有好处
but it’s good for the heart,
而且对心脏有好处
and it’s good for the brain,
对大脑有好处
it’s good for metabolism, and the immune system.
对新陈代谢有好处 对免疫系统也有好处
So sleep represents this relatively easy, low-cost,
因此 睡眠是一种相对简单 成本低廉
but also broadly effective prescription,
但广泛有效的处方
not only for pain, but for a variety of diseases.
不仅适用于疼痛 而且适用于多种疾病

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视频概述

睡眠是治疗疼痛的一种良药

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dvyr8StG07E

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