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写生!涂鸦! - 如何画画

SKETCH! DOODLE! - How to Art #1

怎么画画
How to art!
你寻找方法
You asked for it,
就这儿 我们要聊聊怎么画画
here it is. We’re gonna talk about how to art.
我是玛丽 我会涂鸦 绘画
My name is Mary and I doodle and paint,
我想给你们展示一些方法
and I wanna show you some ways
让你们也能涂鸦 绘画
that you could doodling and painting,
以及激励你们找到属于自己的风格
and inspire you to find your own voice.
好消息 学习画画并不需要天赋
Good news! Learning to art is not a talent-based thing,
它实际上是一种技能 一门技术
it’s actually a skill, it’s a technique,
任何人都能学习这门技术
and anybody can learn the technique.
你只需要时间 练习和耐心
It just takes time, and practice, and patience,
对自己要有耐心
and patience with yourself because
因为你要花很多时间去练习
you’re gonna take a lot of time to practice.
在以后的视频里 我会讲授一些特别的东西
In future videos, I’m gonna go over some really specific stuff
就是你们想学的如何用水彩颜料画画
that you wanna learn how to draw or paint with watercolor.
但现在 我们要从最开始
But right now we’re gonna start at the very beginning,
以每个人开始画画的基本功讲起
with the very basics where everyone begins.
写生和涂鸦
Sketching & Doodling
每件事都需要练习 每一件事
Everything takes practice, everything,
包括绘画和着色
including drawing and painting.
涂鸦和写生是艺术家
Doodling and sketching is a great way for artists to
练习学着画某一主题的好方法
practice learning to draw certain subjects,
或者让他们自己为最终的绘画做好准备
or just prepare themselves to make the final painting.
涂鸦的定义是
Doodling is defined as
没有目的的乱涂乱画 不需要思考
scribbling absentmindedly, without thinking.
它可能是你在无聊班会上的
And may add it’s an excellent way to pass the time
一个极佳打发时间的方式
when you are in a boring class meeting.
填满空白的地方
Fill in the blank here.
朋友们 我在这儿乱画
Bro, I’m just doodling here.
涂鸦在外有个名声
Doodling has a reputation for
就是它可能是你做过的最不重要的事
being the most unimportant thing you could be doing.
但它实际上会有所不同
But it can actually make a difference.
涂鸦是让你眼手协调的好方法
It’s a great way to work on your hand-eye coordination
谁知道呢 涂鸦能产生灵感
and who knows? Ideas can come from doodling.
写生的定义是
Sketching can be defined as
一种简单或是快速 按计划完成的绘画或着色
a simply, or hastily, executed drawing or painting,
尤其是指一种初步的描绘
especially a preliminary one,
描出大概的 没有细节的特征
giving the essential features without the details.
不能再深入讲解了
Can’t get it far.
写生是有意识的去加强
Sketching is a great way to consciously work on areas
你感觉自己需要提高的地方
where you feel like you need to improve.
例如 如果你发现手很难画
For example, if you find it difficult to draw, hands!
它太复杂了
It’s so complicated!
你可以一遍又一遍的练习画它们的草图
You can practice sketching them over and over again,
相当快速地描绘大概 目的是为了熟悉它们
really quick rough drawings, just to get familiar with them.
你也可以在开始前 在你进行到一半之前
You can also sketch out a final drawing or painting before you start it,
描出一幅大概的草图或是着色
before you get halfway through,
并且认识到自己最好用一种
and realize that you’d rather have done it
稍微不同的方式画完它
in a slightly different way,
有点像 为一篇散文打草稿
sort of like writing a rough draft for an essay.
如果你想成为一个漫画家
If you’re wanting to be a cartoonist
或是画一本漫画书
or draw comic books,
你可以事先拟好人物的草图
you can sketch out your characters beforehand.
快速画出他们不同的脸型或发型
Sketch them with different face shapes or hairstyles.
你可以尝试给他们画不同的外貌 不同的衣服
You can try different looks on them like trying on clothes.
你也可以从不同的角度画他们
you can also sketch them from different angles,
让自己对人物外貌变得非常熟悉
and get really familiar with what that character looks like.
我也必须指出
It also must be said that
如果想成为一个艺术家
if you want to be an artist,
看起来像个艺术家非常重要
it’s very important that you look like an artist.
我的意思是 观察是艺术的一个重要部分
I mean a big part of art is observation,
尤其是观察你周围的世界
especially of the world around you,
当然了 也要观察其他艺术家的作品
and yes, also of what other artists make.
看看房间里的东西 任何东西都行
Take a look at something in the room, anything.
这是什么 它是什么颜色的
What is it? What color is it?
它可能是什么颜色
What colors it may be.
一个像小南瓜的立体橘子
A solid orange like this pumpkin?
但它只是个橘子
But is it a just orange?
这里是黄橙色
It there yellow orange?
可能有点偏红橙色
Maybe a bit of a red orange?
它的基本形状是什么
What is its basic shape?
圆形 椭圆
Is it a circle, is it an oval,
或是方形 长方形 三角形
or square, rectangular triangle?
它是由多种形状组成的吗
Is it made of multiple basic shapes?
哪里是亮面 哪里是投影
Where is it light? And where is the casting shadow?
你在理解世界
You are taking in the world,
然后用自己独一无二的方式向观众反映出来
and reflecting it back to your audience in your own unique way.
让我们画吧
Let’s art!
开始画画 你所需要是一支铅笔
All you need to get started is a pencil and
一张纸 没有先后顺序
and a piece of paper in no particular order.
我建议你为自己准备一本写生簿
I recommend, get yourself a sketchbook.
什么是写生簿
What is a sketchbook?
写生簿有点像全部是空白页的日记本
A sketchbook is like a journal full of blank pages
你可以在里面写生和涂鸦
where you can put your sketches and your doodles,
你可以把它们都收集在一起以备以后参考
and you can keep them all together to reference later.
可能从旧想法里面挖掘新灵感
And maybe discover old ideas that you wanna explore more,
或是仅用来提醒自己 几年来进步了多少
or just remind yourself how much you’ve improved over the years.
写生簿就像女人 有不同的形状和尺寸
Sketchbooks like women come in all different shapes and sizes,
不管它是什么 你喜欢的就是最好的
and whatever it is, that you prefer is best,
线装的 线缝的 精装的 平装的
Wire-bound, stitched, hardcover, softcover,
大的 小的 便宜的 贵的 随便什么
big, small, cheap, expensive, whatever.
我第一本写生簿是空白的打印纸
My very first sketchbook was blank printer paper
夹在文件夹里 我随身携带
shoved into a folder and I carried everywhere.
不一定要太花哨
Doesn’t have to be fancy.
这是我给你的挑战
This is my challenge to you,
积累一本写生簿 每天画一张
get a sketchbook together and sketching it everyday.
这里有些基本的写生技巧
And here are some basic sketching tips.
当你写生时
When you are sketching,
可以用一支铅笔
you can use a pencil,
如果你喜欢 甚至可以用支钢笔
you can even use a pen if that’s what you prefer.
如果你用铅笔 力道不同效果不同
If you’re using a pencil, pressure makes a big difference.
轻轻的画出大致框架是个不错的开始
Light, broad strokes are a great way to start,
然后你可以慢慢加深笔触
and then you can slowly add the darker strokes,
加大用笔力道
adding more pressure to the pencil.
开始轻描 然后用自己的方式加深
Start light and work with your way dark.
随意的画
Be sloppy with it.
如果你的写生只是些连续的长线条
If your sketches are just one long continuous line,
那么你或许可以在那里画得松散点
then you can probably loosen up a little bit there.
这不是最终图样
This is not a final drawing,
没必感觉要画完它
this doesn’t have to feel finished,
又不是要把它放进博物馆
it’s not going in the museum.
你甚至不需要给他人看
You don’t have to even show anybody.
所以 别有压力 玩的开心点
So pressures off, have fun!
希望这对你有所帮助
I hope this is helpful to you,
并且能激励你们开始涂鸦和写生
and inspires you to start doodling and sketching.
接下来
Coming up next,
我做了个关于绘画工具和材料的视频
I got a video on drawing tools and supplies
以及绘制光影的技术
as well as shading techniques and lighting.
如果你有特别想学的东西
If there’s anything specific that
或者有些疑问
you wanna learn about or have questions,
你可以在下方评论
you can comment below
或在推特上给玛丽涂鸦发信息
or tweet me at Mary Doodles.
确保订阅这个频道
And be sure to subscribe to this channel,
那样你就不会错过下一期教学视频
so you don’t miss the next tutorials
和每周一次的艺术视频
as well as the weekly art videos.
感谢收看
Thank you very much for watching!

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视频概述

学习画画需要天赋吗?我们要用什么样的方式开始练习呢?对于想了解绘画的你而言,观看本视频是个不错的开始。

听录译者

小多荷

翻译译者

兰代

审核员

A

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4BI5gkwn9Bs

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