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冲洗VS擦拭,哪种方式上厕所更环保 – 译学馆
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冲洗VS擦拭,哪种方式上厕所更环保

Seize the Bidet, Save the Environment

有时候进步意味着要回头看
Sometimes moving forwards means looking ass backwards.
没错 今天我们要讲的是 屁股
That’s right today we’re going to betalking about your butt.
具体来说就是
Or more specifically,
讨论屁股是如何影响世界的
how your butt is impacting the world.
[未来主义]
[Futurism]
你每天都在用的这玩意儿
This thing that you use every day,
是清洁和下方洁净的代名词
this icon of cleanliness and fresh bottomed-ness
事实上 和你所想的相反
is actually more of a step backwards in terms of humanity’s progress
它是人类进程的倒退
than you might think.
坐浴盆简史
A Brief Bidet History
据说厕纸是1857年在美国发明的
Toilet paper is said to have beeninvented in America 1857.
在这一百多年前 法国发明了坐浴盆
Over a hundred years before that, the bidet was invented in France.
它很简单
It was primitive,
起初是作为夜壶的改进版来使用
and was originally adopted as an updated form of the chamber pot.
半个世纪后 坐浴盆改进 增加了手动曲柄
Fifty years later, the bidet was improved to include a hand crank.
有了曲柄 坐浴盆就能把水淋到臀部
With each crank, The bidet would spray water at your backside.
至二十世纪
By the nineteen hundreds,
许多亚洲和欧洲国家把坐浴盆视为生活标配
bidets were considered a standard in many European and Asian countries.
遗憾的是 它没能成为全球标配
Unfortunately,it didn’t become a global standard
因为讲到排便
because of just how uncomfortable people get
没有人会觉得不膈应
when it comes to talking about poop.
它没有传播到美国的主要原因是
A big reason it didn’t spread toAmerica specifically
我们的祖先刚接触坐浴盆时
is because when our ancestors first came in contact with bidets,
认为这个装置既是一种控制生育的方法
they thought the devices were either a method of birth control
某种程度上也是一种性爱工具
or a device used for sex work in some way.
因为这样 我们错误的选择了厕纸
And because of this, we misstepped by adopting toilet paper.
环境成本
Environmental Cost
这个热销商品比你想象的更昂贵
This hot commodity right here is far more costly than you realize.
它是个失败品
Which is a bummer.
一语双关
Pun intended.
你或许知道
You probably know that
它的生产需要牺牲一些树木
you have to sacrifice a few trees for its production,
但你不知道的是
but what you may not know is that
每生产一卷纸
every roll of toilet paper
需要消耗37加仑水
requires thirty seven gallons of water to produce.
平均下来
On average,
美国人每天大概要使用一亿卷纸
Americans use approximately 100 million rolls of toilet paper every day.
这些纸连起来 可绕地球38.5万圈
That’s enough T.P. to wrap around the Earth more than 385,000 times.
大约要毁掉4.1万棵树
That’s enough to destroy a proximately 41000 trees
消耗超过12亿加仑水
and use upwards of 1.2 billion gallons of water.
在印度尼西亚等国家 因为对厕纸生产的纸浆
Deforestation has roughly doubled in countries like Indonesia
以及纸产品需求的稳定增长
because of the steady increase in pulp
森林砍伐量大约翻了一番
More trees means that we can have more of an impacton off setting climate change,
消耗更多的树意味着
More trees means that
我们对气候变化有更多的影响
we can have more of an impacton off setting climate change,
因为森林是强大的二氧化碳沉淀池
as forests are huge sinks for CO2.
完全用坐浴盆替代厕纸
Using bidets instead of toilet paper entirely
能充分减少
can substantially cut down on
我们在臀部上使用的资源
how many resources we’re using to keep our backsides
人体卫生
Human Hygiene
我们来假设一下
Let me give you a hypothetical.
如果你的手碰到了排泄物
If you touched poop with your hand,
用纸擦掉后 你觉得手干净么
would you feel clean if you just wipe it off with some toilet paper?
就是这个意思
Yeah.
布拉德利公司的调查结果显示
According to a survey by the BradleyCorporation,
只有66%的美国人
only 66 percent of Americans
会在如厕后洗手
actually wash their hands afterusing the bathroom.
这意味着你握的每只手
That means that every hand you shake,
触摸的每个门把手
every doorknob you touch,
抓的每个地铁杆
every subway pole you grasp
都有44%的可能残留一些排泄物
has a 44 percent chance of having a little bit of poop on it.
真抱歉 我知道我颠覆了你的许多认知
I’m sorry. I know I just ruined so many things for you.
但是不洗手的人
But people who don’t wash their hands
有极大的风险传播疾病
are at a huge risk for spreading disease.
三分之一的案例是痢疾
A third of the cases of diarrhea
好好洗手
and 60 percent of respiratory infections can be prevented
能预防60%的呼吸道传染疾病
through good handwashing.
所以 公共卫生的观点是
So,from a public health standpoint
如果人人都用坐浴盆 世界上的细菌会少很多
the world would be a less germ-filled place if everyone was using bidets.
废物处理
Waste Disposal
从基础管道系统的角度看
From a basic plumbing perspective,
浴盆稳赢
bidets win hands down.
厕纸会被冲洗成一团
Flushing down wads of T.P.,
更糟的是
or even worse
湿纸巾会堵塞管道
wet wipes can cause blockages in pipes
污水管道系统的维修将会是一笔巨额开支
and sewer systems that are extremely costly to repair.
例如 2015年
For example in 2015
伦敦有10吨的堵塞物
there was a 10 ton blockage in London
主要来源于湿巾 油脂 厕纸
due to build up of wipes, grease,toilet paper
以及其他地下污物
and other sewage being built up underground.
这并不是什么稀罕事
And this isn’t exactly a rareoccurrence.
伦敦市每年要花费1.5亿美元来清理下水道
London spends 15 million dollars a year on clearing the sewers.
这会是多么庞大的工程
Okay so, what’s the big picture.
普遍采用坐浴盆对未来的真正意义是什么?
What could mass adoption of bidets truly mean for our future.
如今 人们的环保意识觉醒
Today,people are more environmentally woke.
我们比过去更关心地球
We care about the planet more than we have in the past,
就像是我们本该这么做
like we very well should.
为了能源以及汽车
We’re switching to greentechnologies
我们转向绿色科技
for our energy and for our cars.
为什么不为我们的屁股做些什么呢?
So why shouldn’t we do it for ourbutts?
正如我们在以后只靠可再生能源上做出的努力
Just like our efforts to rely solelyon reusable energy.
我们应该向全球推广坐浴盆
We should be pushing for global useof bidets.
这样能节约资源
It saves on resources
减少对环境的影响
and reduces our impact on the environment.
如果真想尽我们的责任去建设更好的未来
If we really want to do our duty to build a better future
我们应该冲洗而不是擦拭
we should be washing instead of wiping.

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