Scientists finally discovered the truth about Easter Island.
For many decades
people’s minds have been occupied with the mystery of Easter Island
a remote piece of volcanic soil far away in the Pacific Ocean
but our planet hosts thousands of such Lonely Island’s
What is so particular about this one
the mystery is concealed not on the island itself?
But the giant stone statues covering it
Who created the world-famous huge stone heads
Did they serve any specific purpose?
Where did their creators arrive from and where did they disappear?
Well，it seems the answer is finally just around the corner
watch this video and satisfy your curiosity
Learning all the truths about Easter Island remember to give us thumbs up.
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What do we know about the island itself?
Rapanui which is the name given to Easter Island by its first
Inhabitants is the territory of Chile and is situated in the southern pacific ocean.
And it is so far that you can easily consider
it is one of the most distant places on the world’s map.
It lies 1,200 miles away from Pitcairn which is its closest neighbor?
Chile itself, it’s 2,300 miles away to the west
the only transport that can take you there is a plane.
If you want to get to this destination point.
You will need to spend five hours on board.
Flying from Santiago Chile to Easter Island.
The area of the island is just 63 square miles
and such let’s admit a tiny territory is home to
887 huge stone statues.
Here are some interesting facts you might not know about them.
The statues carry the name Moai.
They started to be carved at some point between the 13th and 15th centuries
Rapanui statues are easily recognized.
Thanks to the peculiar faces
they have long noses wide Chin’s
rectangular ears heavy brows and deeply set eyes.
It is quite curious that the nostrils curl
in the way fishhooks do.
Firstly people thought that the statues were made up only by their heads
But surprisingly it turned out that
there are full bodies that are attached to that
it was discovered during excavations in May 2012 the bodies were just hidden underground.
In fact the statues are very tall.
The biggest one is 33 feet tall and weighs 90 US tonnes.
But that’s not the record
once that you unearthed on the island was incomplete
but according to scientific calculations
it had to reach 70 feet in height and weigh about 297 US tonnes
Still the heads of the statues
visible from the first sight, make up 3/8 of each statue size
Most statues, 834 out of 887
were carved from the material called tuff
which is, in fact,compressed volcanic ash
Curiously all the statues
except one group face inland it means their backs are turned to the ocean
Perhaps the reason for that was the belief
that the statues were the protectors of the villagers
That’s why they overlooked the settlement
The only statues not fitting into this pattern
can be found at AHU AKIVI
a sacred place for the people of Rapa Nui
There is a unique statue
on the island it is the only statue which was found in a kneeling position
It’s name is to TUKITURI
Scientists believe that the statue depicts an ancient singer
his position resembles the one people took at the festival of rui
The head of the statue is lifted quite
high and you can even notice a beard
To Kotori looks much more human-like than the other statues
It’s smaller size and the unusual
Material the statue is made of
red Puna puah stone are the things that make it stand out among the rest
All these facts are quite intriguing, right
keep watching there are several mysteries to unravel
People keep wondering how the statues
of such huge weight have been distributed all around the island
What is more when Europeans first arrived at the island in 1722
They found a small local population
just between one and a half and three thousand people
How could it correlate with the hundreds of statues on the island?
Surely there had been numerous theories
about how the statues had been moved
One of the most popular ones among the
lovers of mysteries was the belief that the
statues have been created and moved by aliens
But even if you like this theory
we are sorry to debunk it
the stone the statues were build from originates from the island itself
the birthplace of most of the material was an extinct volcano
Situated in the northeast of Easter Island and not another planet
The mystery surrounding the way
Rapa Nui people could move the statues
challenged the researchers not letting them back off
in the 80s some of them decided to recreate a statue
and check the possibility of moving it around
They were to use only the tools that could be available for the Aborigines.
It seemed impossible to do
But a bit later an American archaeologist succeeded
in moving a ten US ton copy
Several decades passed and another group of American
Scientists proved that the Islanders could tie ropes
and circling the huge statues and move them with a walking motion
They backed up their theory with practice moving a full-sized replica
for three hundred and thirty feet using this method
Actually their idea can explain why
Rapanui folklore states that the statues were walking
with the help of magic it explains the way the statues were
transported to their designated places
But what about the remaining question?
How could a handful of inhabitants create such magnificent and numerous monuments?
a new study has been conducted recently to specify the maximum number
of the inhabitants in the heyday of the islands
Civilization the results arrived and they were quite
unexpected it turned out that as many as seventeen and a half
thousand people could comfortably live on the island
at least 19 percent of the land could be covered
with the fields of sweet potatoes that used to
be the main source of food for the population
what is more the Islanders consumed quite a lot of seafood and fish?
So knowing these numbers you can see
that there were enough people to create the stone masterpieces
But what happened to them why did they disappear?
At first it was believed that the reason
for such a decrease of the population was an eco side
the natives cut out large forests and palm
trees making spare room for moving the statues around as well as
Agriculture they thought the trees were going to grow back fast enough.
It was a misleading concept the deterioration of the environment
Resulted in hunger and this
in turn led to Wars and cannibalism
Nowadays however such a theory has been proven wrong
first of all Rapa Nui inhabitants seem to be very talented agricultural engineers
They deliberately fertilized the fields with the volcanic rock
in fact another research has shown that people had been living
on the island for many centuries and the population only
Started to decrease when Europeans began visiting
So a much more realistic explanation is
also very tragic South American raids in the pursuit of slaves
frequented the island throughout the nineteenth century
Half of the Aborigines were taken away
What is more European traders brought to the island new diseases?
which the locals hadn’t been protected from
and introduced in forced Migration. it Led to the fatal decline of
the nation that presented the world with such a
miracle as the mystery of Easter Island
Have you heard these facts
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