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复活节岛

Scientists Finally Discovered the Truth About Easter Island

科学家最终发现了复活节岛的真相
Scientists finally discovered the truth about Easter Island.
数十年以来
For many decades
人们一直在思考神秘的复活节岛之谜
people’s minds have been occupied with the mystery of Easter Island
这是一片位于遥远太平洋的偏僻的火山土壤
a remote piece of volcanic soil far away in the Pacific Ocean
但是地球上有成千上万像这样的孤岛
but our planet hosts thousands of such Lonely Island’s
这个有什么特别的呢?
What is so particular about this one
关于这个被隐匿的神秘并不是岛屿本身
the mystery is concealed not on the island itself?
而是覆盖在岛上的巨大石像
But the giant stone statues covering it
是谁创造了世界著名的巨石头像
Who created the world-famous huge stone heads
它们有什么特殊的用途吗?
Did they serve any specific purpose?
它们的创造者从何地而来又从何处离开?
Where did their creators arrive from and where did they disappear?
看起来问题的答案近在眼前
Well,it seems the answer is finally just around the corner
观看本视频 满足你的好奇心
watch this video and satisfy your curiosity
了解所有关于复活节岛的事实之后记得给我们点赞
Learning all the truths about Easter Island remember to give us thumbs up.
我们致力让你的生活更美好
We work to make your life brighter.
关于岛屿本身我们知道些什么?
What do we know about the island itself?
拉帕努伊是第一批复活节岛居民起的名字
Rapanui which is the name given to Easter Island by its first
它是在智利的国土上 位于南太平洋
Inhabitants is the territory of Chile and is situated in the southern pacific ocean.
非常的遥远 远到你很容易认为
And it is so far that you can easily consider
它是世界地图上最远的地方之一
it is one of the most distant places on the world’s map.
它位于距离它最近的皮特凯恩岛1200英里
It lies 1,200 miles away from Pitcairn which is its closest neighbor?
智利在它的东边2300英里远
Chile itself, it’s 2,300 miles away to the west
飞机是唯一可以带你到达那的交通工具
the only transport that can take you there is a plane.
如果你想要到达指定的目的地
If you want to get to this destination point.
你将需要在飞机上度过5个小时
You will need to spend five hours on board.
从智利首都圣地亚哥到复活节岛
Flying from Santiago Chile to Easter Island.
这座岛屿只有63平方米
The area of the island is just 63 square miles
我们得承认这片微小的领土
and such let’s admit a tiny territory is home to
是887座巨石雕像的家
887 huge stone statues.
这里可能有一些你不曾了解的有趣现象
Here are some interesting facts you might not know about them.
这些雕像的名字是摩埃
The statues carry the name Moai.
它们是在13到15世纪某段时间雕刻出来的
They started to be carved at some point between the 13th and 15th centuries
拉帕努伊雕像是很容易识别的
Rapanui statues are easily recognized.
由于他们有独特的面孔
Thanks to the peculiar faces
长鼻子宽下巴
they have long noses wide Chin’s
巨大的耳朵 浓重的眉毛和深陷的双眼
rectangular ears heavy brows and deeply set eyes.
还有非常奇怪的卷曲的鼻孔
It is quite curious that the nostrils curl
就像鱼钩一样
in the way fishhooks do.
刚开始人们认为这些雕像只是由他们的头部组成的
Firstly people thought that the statues were made up only by their heads
但是令人惊讶的是
But surprisingly it turned out that
人们发现它们原来是有完整的身体附着在上面的
there are full bodies that are attached to that
在2012年5月的挖掘中 在隐藏的地下发现了它们的身体
it was discovered during excavations in May 2012 the bodies were just hidden underground.
事实上这个雕像非常高
In fact the statues are very tall.
最大的一个有33英尺高 90吨重
The biggest one is 33 feet tall and weighs 90 US tonnes.
但是它不是最高记录的一个
But that’s not the record
在岛上发掘的那个是不完整的
once that you unearthed on the island was incomplete
但根据科学计算
but according to scientific calculations
它身高应该达到70英尺 体重大概297吨
it had to reach 70 feet in height and weigh about 297 US tonnes
第一眼看雕像的头部依然清晰可见
Still the heads of the statues
头部占了每个雕像大小的八分之三
visible from the first sight, make up 3/8 of each statue size
它的手臂 从身体上分割下来并存放在不同地方
大多数雕像 887座中有834座雕像
Most statues, 834 out of 887
都是由凝灰岩雕刻而成
were carved from the material called tuff
事实上是压缩的火山灰
which is, in fact,compressed volcanic ash
奇怪的是所有的雕像
Curiously all the statues
除了一个群体面向内陆 意思是他们背对着大海
except one group face inland it means their backs are turned to the ocean
也许原因在于人们的信仰
Perhaps the reason for that was the belief
这些雕像是村民们的保护者
that the statues were the protectors of the villagers
这就是为什么他们忽略了定居点
That’s why they overlooked the settlement
唯一不符合这种图案的雕像
The only statues not fitting into this pattern
是在AHU AKIVI
can be found at AHU AKIVI
拉帕努伊人民的圣地
a sacred place for the people of Rapa Nui
有一座独一无二的雕像
There is a unique statue
这是岛上唯一一座跪着的雕像
on the island it is the only statue which was found in a kneeling position
它的名字是TUKUTURI
It’s name is to TUKITURI
科学家们认为这座雕像描绘了一位古代歌唱家
Scientists believe that the statue depicts an ancient singer
他所在的位置类似于人们在瑞节时所选的地方
his position resembles the one people took at the festival of rui
雕像的头被完全抬高
The head of the statue is lifted quite
而且你甚至可以注意到胡子
high and you can even notice a beard
TUKUTURI 看起来比其他雕像更像人类
To Kotori looks much more human-like than the other statues
它的尺寸更小
It’s smaller size and the unusual
雕像是用与众不同的材料做成的
Material the statue is made of
红色的普那石是让它在其他雕塑中脱颖而出的东西
red Puna puah stone are the things that make it stand out among the rest
所有这些事实都相当耐人寻味 是吧
All these facts are quite intriguing, right
继续看 有几个谜要解开
keep watching there are several mysteries to unravel
人们一直在想
People keep wondering how the statues
是如何将如此巨大且重的雕像分布在岛的各个角落的
of such huge weight have been distributed all around the island
更重要的是 当欧洲人在1722年第一次到达这个岛屿时
What is more when Europeans first arrived at the island in 1722
他们发现当地人口很少
They found a small local population
只有一千五百到三千人左右
just between one and a half and three thousand people
它怎么会和岛上数以百计的雕像有关系呢?
How could it correlate with the hundreds of statues on the island?
肯定有过无数的理论
Surely there had been numerous theories
关于雕像是如何被移动的
about how the statues had been moved
其中最受欢迎的一条是
One of the most popular ones among the
喜欢神秘事物的人相信
lovers of mysteries was the belief that the
雕像是由外星人创造并移动了
statues have been created and moved by aliens
但即使你喜欢这个理论
But even if you like this theory
我们很抱歉要揭穿真相了
we are sorry to debunk it
雕像用的石头源自岛屿本身
the stone the statues were build from originates from the island itself
大部分物质的来源是一座死火山
the birthplace of most of the material was an extinct volcano
位于复活节岛的东北部而不是另一个星球
Situated in the northeast of Easter Island and not another planet
围绕着拉伯努伊人
The mystery surrounding the way
移动这些雕像的秘密
Rapa Nui people could move the statues
给研究人员提出了挑战 但并没有使他们退缩
challenged the researchers not letting them back off
在80年代 其中一些人决定再创造同样雕塑
in the 80s some of them decided to recreate a statue
并检验移动它的可能性
and check the possibility of moving it around
他们打算只使用那些能被土著居民所利用的工具
They were to use only the tools that could be available for the Aborigines.
这看起来不可能
It seemed impossible to do
但是之后 一位考古学家
But a bit later an American archaeologist succeeded
成功的移动了一个十吨的复制雕塑
in moving a ten US ton copy
几十年过去了 另一群美国科学家
Several decades passed and another group of American
证明了岛民可以套上绳子
Scientists proved that the Islanders could tie ropes
环绕巨大的雕塑 再通过步行方式来移动他们
and circling the huge statues and move them with a walking motion
他们通过实践拉动一个相同尺寸的复制品
They backed up their theory with practice moving a full-sized replica
用他们的方法走了330步
for three hundred and thirty feet using this method
事实上 他们的想法可以解释
Actually their idea can explain why
为什么拉帕努伊岛的民间传说记录说这些雕塑
Rapanui folklore states that the statues were walking
是在魔法的帮助下移动的
with the help of magic it explains the way the statues were
这便解释了这些雕塑被运送到指定地点的方式
transported to their designated places
但是其余的问题呢
But what about the remaining question?
这些少数的居民如何创造如此宏伟且数量众多的不朽作品
How could a handful of inhabitants create such magnificent and numerous monuments?
最近进行了新的研究
a new study has been conducted recently to specify the maximum number
统计了这个文明岛屿全盛时期最多的居民人口数
of the inhabitants in the heyday of the islands
得出的结论 让人出乎意料
Civilization the results arrived and they were quite
原来这竟然有1.75万人
unexpected it turned out that as many as seventeen and a half
曾舒服地住在岛上
thousand people could comfortably live on the island
岛上至少有百分之十九的土地被占用
at least 19 percent of the land could be covered
用来种植可口的马铃薯
with the fields of sweet potatoes that used to
并且成为这么多人口的主要食物来源
be the main source of food for the population
此外 岛上的居民消耗掉了大量的海鲜和鱼
what is more the Islanders consumed quite a lot of seafood and fish?
所以 如果知道这些数量你就能明白
So knowing these numbers you can see
他们有足够的人力去创作这些关于石头的艺术品
that there were enough people to create the stone masterpieces
但到底发生了什么事 为什么他们消失了呢?
But what happened to them why did they disappear?
第一个考虑的原因就是
At first it was believed that the reason
巨减的人口是生态灾难造成的
for such a decrease of the population was an eco side
本地居民砍伐大量森林和棕榈树
the natives cut out large forests and palm
为移动雕塑和种农作物腾出空间
trees making spare room for moving the statues around as well as
同时他们认为树会非常快地长回去
Agriculture they thought the trees were going to grow back fast enough.
这是错误的想法
It was a misleading concept the deterioration of the environment
环境恶化的结果导致饥饿
Resulted in hunger and this
从而导致战争和吃人事件
in turn led to Wars and cannibalism
然而 现在这样的推测证明是错误的
Nowadays however such a theory has been proven wrong
首先 拉帕努伊岛的居民看起来是非常聪明的农业建造师
first of all Rapa Nui inhabitants seem to be very talented agricultural engineers
他们特意用火山石混合土壤 使土壤肥沃
They deliberately fertilized the fields with the volcanic rock
事实上其它研究表明
in fact another research has shown that people had been living
人们在这岛上居住了几个世纪
on the island for many centuries and the population only
欧洲人来到岛上后 当地人的人口才开始下降
Started to decrease when Europeans began visiting
所以现实中的解释应该是让人痛心的
So a much more realistic explanation is
在十九世纪
also very tragic South American raids in the pursuit of slaves
南美人时常来岛上突袭 捉走当地人作奴
frequented the island throughout the nineteenth century
大半数的土著居民被带走
Half of the Aborigines were taken away
而且欧洲商人把新的疾病带到岛上
What is more European traders brought to the island new diseases?
当地人无法抵御这种疾病
which the locals hadn’t been protected from
他们被迫迁移 这就导致了一个民族毁灭性的衰落
and introduced in forced Migration. it Led to the fatal decline of
作为复活节岛之谜
the nation that presented the world with such a
它呈现出如此神秘的世界奇观
miracle as the mystery of Easter Island
在这之前你听过这些事实吗?
Have you heard these facts
请在下方的评论区分享你的观点和想法
before share your opinion and ideas in the comments below
点击视频下方的“喜欢”按钮
Hit the like button
并点击“订阅”加入我们吧
below the video and click subscribe to join us on the bright side

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视频来源

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