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荷兰的教育系统 – 译学馆
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荷兰的教育系统

School system in The Netherlands

对于一些人来说 荷兰的教育系统令人困惑
For some people, the school systerm in the Netherlands can seem quite confusing.
事实上是很容易理解的
Well in fact, it’s pretty easy to understand.
让我帮你理一下
Let me help you.
荷兰学龄儿童有义务接受教育
Children in the Netherlands are privilege to go to school.
他们4岁时 就可以上小学了 小学读8年
So at age 4, they go to primary school for 8 years.
当一个学生完成小学学业后 他/她可以继续
When a pupil finishes his primary school, he/she can continue to
选择三种不同类型中的一种中等教育 这取决于他们自身水平
one of three different types of secondary education, depending on the people’s level.
初级职业教育是职业型中等教育 学制4年
Preparetory secondary vocational education is vocationly oriented and takes four years.
在那之后 学生可以接受中级职业教育
From there on, a student can go on a secondary vocational education.
这是为学生工作或与工作相关的学习计划做准备
This prepares students for work or work related study program.
资格等级从1到4 4是最高级
Its qualification levels range from one to four, with four being the highest level.
接受完初等教育后 学生也可以选择大学预备中等教育
After primary education, a pupil can also go to a pre-university education.
这是为期6年的中等教育
This is a six-year long secondary education track,
旨在让学生去读大学
designed to prepare students for a such university
取得文科 理科或法学的学士学位
where they can obtain bachelor of arts or science or laws.
在这之后 学生可以继续攻读硕士和博士
After that, a student can continue studying to get a master’s degree and a PhD.
目前看来 荷兰的教育系统与我国的很相像
So far, the school systerm in Netherlands seems very similar to systerm in other countries.
不过 这里有一部分不同
But, here comes the part that makes a different from most.
在大学预备教育和初级职业教育间
Between university preparatory education and preparatory secondary vocational education,
还有一条学生们可以接受的教育线
there is another line of education a pupil can follow,
就是一般高级中等教育
called senior general secondary education.
这是一个五年制教育 为他们在高等职业教育中的学习做准备
This is a five-year long education that prepares them for studying in higher professional education.
高等职业教育是在大学里学应用科学的
Higher professional education is taught at universities of applied sciences.
这意味着除了理论知识外 学生还将通过实习 小组作业等方式
This means that besides theoretical knowledge, the students will get practical, hands-on experience
获得实际的动手经验
through internships, group work and so on.
在研究型大学里 高等职业教育第一年
A compeletely first year of higher professional education
获准学习第一年的学士课程
also grant access to the first year of bechelor’s program at research university.
在学生获得学士学位后
After a student receives a bachelor degree
他/她可以继续攻读硕士
he or she can continue studying and obtaining a master’s degree.
总的来说 这8个资格等级构成了荷兰的资格等级框架
Together, this eight qualification levels make up the Dutch qualifications framework.
二元教育体系使学生能够找到更适合他们技能的
The binary education systern makes it possible for students to find a higher education program
高等教育项目
to best suit their skills.

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视频概述

荷兰的教育系统很混乱?其实很好理解的,他们的教育系统有和我们相像的地方,也有不同之处,来看看吧

听录译者

Scarlett

翻译译者

Sharon

审核员

NL

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hes7RfuNqvU

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