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罗宾·威廉姆斯小传

Robin Williams Changed TV Production Forever | Biography

Robin Williams is known for his fast-paced knee-jerk comedy
罗宾·威廉姆斯以“快节奏喜剧”而闻名
And those wild, unpredictable performances actually changed the way TV is made.
他那狂热的 出乎意料的表演改变了电视节目的制作方式
This is “Biography.”
这里是《名人小传》栏目
Robin Williams broke onto the scene in a big way,
罗宾·威廉姆斯在热播剧《莫克和明迪》中
playing the zany alien Mork from Planet Ork
扮演了来自兽人星球的外星小丑莫克
on the hit TV series “Mork and Mindy.”
彻底改变了片场风格
And when Robin stepped in front of the camera,
当罗宾来到摄像机前
nobody had seen anything like him before.
没人见过像他那样的人
He would throw himself around the stage,
他在舞台上到处走动
grabbing props, speaking in alien tongues,
拿着电影道具 说着外星语言
and almost never hitting his mark,
几乎从来踩不上自己的位置
a mark being the spot an actor is supposed to stand to deliver their lines.
“位置”是拍摄时演员说台词应该站的地方
See, filming TV shows was pretty much
看到没 一直到七十年代末
down to a science by the late ’70s.
拍电视都如一门科学一样精确
The actors would take the stage,
演员们上台
and three cameras placed strategically around set
三台摄像机固定在设计好的位置
would film the action.
进行拍摄
That’s where the term three-camera sitcom comes from.
这就是“三镜头法情景剧”一说的来源
And that style of filming meant that
这样的拍摄手法意味着
actors had to be really precise in hitting their marks,
演员必须准确的站在规定位置上
standing in the same exact place take after take.
每次拍摄都要站在同一位置
But Robin broke all the rules.
但是罗宾打破了规则
His frenetic movements and constant improvising
他夸张的动作和不停的临场发挥
meant that he was rarely in the same spot twice.
意味着他几乎不会在同一位置出现两次
So the show’s director, Gary Marshall, changed the game.
因此该剧导演加里·马歇尔改变了游戏规则
He added a fourth camera to catch all of Robin’s wild antics
为了捕捉罗宾的所有滑稽动作 他增加了一台摄影机
and it caught on.
随后变得流行起来
From then on, four cameras became the sitcom standard,
此后 四个摄像机成了情景喜剧的标配
from “Seinfeld” to the ‘Big Bang Theory’
从《宋飞正传》到《生活大爆炸》都一样
So remember,
所以要记住
Robin Williams might be known best for his big-screen roles,
罗宾•威廉姆斯可能因其荧幕上的角色更为人熟知
but at just 27,
但在27岁时
he changed the small screen forever.
他就彻底改变了电视行业

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视频概述

他改变了情景喜剧的拍摄方式

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

ZTT

审核员

审核员 V

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rKSDJKSR2zk

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