Risk Factors for Alcoholism
I’m often asked by people
what are the risk factors for alcohol problems.
And that’s a, there’s, there’s many risk factors that could, that could come about for people.
One major risk factor is looking at one’s family
and looking at whether there’s been alcohol
or other substance abuse problems in the family.
There often is a generational
or intergenerational issue with alcohol problems.
You often see families where their alcohol has run through several generations.
And you have to look carefully back, if you can,
some people don’t, you know, don’t have that history available to them.
But even in the present day, you want to look at parents and children
as to see if there’s been a parent who’s had an alcohol problem,
the children have a higher likelihood to have to develop an alcohol problem
than children of people who don’t have any alcohol problems or any alcohol problems in the family.
You’ll often, if you look at families and extended families,
you’ll often see families where there’s many many people
who have some kind of substance abuse disorder
whether that be alcohol or other substances.
And often you see, in families, you might see an older generation
where there’s been a lot of alcohol problems and then the next generation,
there’s been a lot of substance use disorder that’s through drugs.
And a lot of that can be really determined by a social context and peer context
that indeed, you know, parents who were raised in the 30s and 40s and 50s,
there wasn’t the same level of drugs out there as in the 60s and 70s and 80s,
so it may just be that they developed,
they have the genetic predisposition for substance use disorder
but that it ended up getting expressed with different substances.
Other risk factors are peer and social contexts.
If you’re in a social context
in which alcohol is not used,
if you’re in a social context, work context
where people don’t drink as opposed to a social context
where people may drink at lunch, people may drink after work.
In the 80s, a stereotype in the 80s was Wall Street
where there was a tremendous amount of cocaine use in Wall Street firms,
事实上这对人们工作是有积极作用的 那时 超长时间的工作
fueling people’s work actually, people working tremendously long hours,
people, you know, being workaholics actually and needing that boost.
So it was very much, it was very common back then for there to be very open cocaine use.
Society has changed. That’s really not the case anymore.
That doesn’t mean we see less cocaine problems, but it’s just a different context for it.
So again, your social context can be a risk factor
when people have often their alcohol problems
may start as teenagers or within college,
because colleges, there’s a high tolerance and a real normalization of heavy drinking.
So those are a few risk factors to look for if you’re concerned about your own alcohol use
or someone around you.