ADM-201 dump PMP dumps pdf SSCP exam materials CBAP exam sample questions

易酗酒的高危人群 – 译学馆
未登录,请登录后再发表信息
最新评论 (0)
播放视频

易酗酒的高危人群

Risk Factors for Alcoholism | Alcoholism

Howcast自制
Howcast Original
易导致酗酒的几大因素
Risk Factors for Alcoholism
人们常问我
I’m often asked by people
哪些原因会导致人酗酒呢
what are the risk factors for alcohol problems.
事实上 令人嗜酒成瘾的高危行为有很多
And that’s a, there’s, there’s many risk factors that could, that could come about for people.
其中影响较大的一个就是
One major risk factor is looking at one’s family
一个人的家族中是否有人酗酒
and looking at whether there’s been alcohol
或有其它物质成瘾的历史
or other substance abuse problems in the family.
酗酒问题常常是
There often is a generational
同辈乃至代际的
or intergenerational issue with alcohol problems.
你常常会见到一家几代都对酒爱不释手的家庭
You often see families where their alcohol has run through several generations.
回顾家庭的酗酒史确实十分重要
And you have to look carefully back, if you can,
但是有些人由于各种原因对此不甚了解
some people don’t, you know, don’t have that history available to them.
即使只关注最近的几代人 你也能发现
But even in the present day, you want to look at parents and children
如果长辈对酒精有严重的依赖
as to see if there’s been a parent who’s had an alcohol problem,
他们的孩子出现酗酒的概率
the children have a higher likelihood to have to develop an alcohol problem
也会高于家中没有酗酒人员的孩子
than children of people who don’t have any alcohol problems or any alcohol problems in the family.
以一些核心家庭和扩大家庭为例
You’ll often, if you look at families and extended families,
你会发现有不少家庭
you’ll often see families where there’s many many people
有大量的物质依赖人群
who have some kind of substance abuse disorder
无伦是酒精还是其它的东西
whether that be alcohol or other substances.
另一个常态是 你可能会发现
And often you see, in families, you might see an older generation
老一辈酷爱酒精饮料
where there’s been a lot of alcohol problems and then the next generation,
年轻一代就开始嗑起了毒品
there’s been a lot of substance use disorder that’s through drugs.
物质依赖现象有不少是社会环境和阶级环境导致的
And a lot of that can be really determined by a social context and peer context
这是个很现实的例子 生于30到50年代的老一辈人
that indeed, you know, parents who were raised in the 30s and 40s and 50s,
接触毒品的机会远不及60到80年代人的多
there wasn’t the same level of drugs out there as in the 60s and 70s and 80s,
所以问题也许只是恶化了
so it may just be that they developed,
他们骨子里有物质滥用成瘾的倾向
they have the genetic predisposition for substance use disorder
只是最后的表现方式有所不同
but that it ended up getting expressed with different substances.
社会与阶级环境也是一种影响因素
Other risk factors are peer and social contexts.
如果你生活在
If you’re in a social context
滴酒不沾的环境里
in which alcohol is not used,
如果你的生活环境 工作环境中
if you’re in a social context, work context
周围的人们从不饮酒 相较于
where people don’t drink as opposed to a social context
人们餐时下班后都饮酒的环境 你也更对酒精成瘾
where people may drink at lunch, people may drink after work.
一个滥大街的例子就是80年代的华尔街
In the 80s, a stereotype in the 80s was Wall Street
各大企业员工开始疯狂地吸食可卡因
where there was a tremendous amount of cocaine use in Wall Street firms,
事实上这对人们工作是有积极作用的 那时 超长时间的工作
fueling people’s work actually, people working tremendously long hours,
让这些工作狂急需坚持的动力
people, you know, being workaholics actually and needing that boost.
于是公开吸食可卡因也成了普遍现象
So it was very much, it was very common back then for there to be very open cocaine use.
时过境迁 现状早已不是这样
Society has changed. That’s really not the case anymore.
但并不意味着可卡因滥用就不存在了 只是时代不同罢了
That doesn’t mean we see less cocaine problems, but it’s just a different context for it.
因此 你所处的社会环境也是一大风险
So again, your social context can be a risk factor
如果人们确实对酒精有依赖 这种依赖性
when people have often their alcohol problems
有可能在青少年或大学时期就形成了
may start as teenagers or within college,
因为在大学而酗酒是一种普遍现象为大家所接受
because colleges, there’s a high tolerance and a real normalization of heavy drinking.
如果你对自己或身边的人的酒瘾有所顾虑 以上是几个风险较大的
So those are a few risk factors to look for if you’re concerned about your own alcohol use
可能的成瘾原因
or someone around you.
Howcast自制
Howcast Original

发表评论

译制信息
视频概述

酗酒受遗传与社会、人文环境等多方面影响。

听录译者

chelsea

翻译译者

Eicmly

审核员

审核团MG

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DDxskTXamrE

相关推荐