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食物链中间捕食者的崛起 – 译学馆
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食物链中间捕食者的崛起

Rise Of The Mesopredator🎵 (ft. ScienceWithTom)

嗨 我是艾米丽 欢迎收看本期
Hi, this is Emily in a special musical edition
科普节目——特别音乐版的“一分钟地球”这次我还带来了汤姆
of MinuteEarth featuring Science with Tom.
地球上的所有食物网
The food webs of the world all used
都有所谓的顶级食肉动物 比如狮子 老虎
to have so-called apex predators – like lions, tigers,
还有熊 ——它们都在食物网的最顶部
and bears – at the very top.
但是人类已经对这些顶级捕食者构成了巨大威胁
But humans have posed a major threat to apex predators
摧毁它们的栖息地
by breaking up their habitats and
大量的猎杀它们 使它们濒临灭绝
hunting many of them to near extinction.
#当个王是多么好的一件事呀#
#It was good to be king#
#我们曾是捕食界的精英#
#We were trophic elite#
#猎物食用植物#
#Prey ate the plants#
#而我们食用它们的肉#
#And we ate their meat#
#然后 这只叫做“人”的傻瓜#
#Then this little ape called “Man”#
#想与我们匹敌#
#Wanted to compete#
#随着人类不断繁衍生息#
#And as the humans spread#
#并占领全球#
#And invaded globally#
#他们破坏了我们的栖息地#
#They broke up our habitats#
#把我们迅速地#
# And killed us all -#
#赶尽杀绝#
#rather fast#
#他们把射杀我们作为娱乐#
#They were shooting us for sport#
#或者是吃掉那些绵羊 狮子#
#Or for eating sheep Lions,#
#猞猁还有海鹰#
#lynx, and sea eagles#
#曾经是统治世界的猎豹 开始日益剧减#
#Alphas worldwide, met precipitous decline Leopards,#
#豹子 狼和锤头鲨 也是如此#
#wolves, and hammer-heads,#
#遭到迫害#
#Were persecuted#
#留下一片混乱#
#Leaving disarray behind#
#揭开帷幕 顶级捕食者的衰退#
#Not to throw shade, but thisTrophic downgrade#
#会提供更多生存空间#
#Will simply open up space for some lesser-grade#
#给这些所谓的低级猎人#
#So-called hunters#
这些(低级)猎人就是中间捕食者
These so-called hunters are the mesopredators.
它们正在取代全球的顶级捕食者
They ’ re replacing apex predators all over the world,
它们的生存之道也不同
and they do things differently.
#臭鼬 浣熊 鲯鳅 猫鼬 #
#Skunk… raccoon… mahi mahi… mongoose#
#猫鲨 狗鲨 豺 大乌贼……#
#Catshark… dogfish… jackal… large squid#
#食物链 食物链 食物链 食物链 食物链 (低吠声)#
#Food chain food chain food chain food chainfood chain (woof)#
#顶级捕食者出局 我们是新人(年轻)#
#Apex out – we the new thing (youth)#
#我们不需要很大的地盘(呼呼)#
#And we don’t need a huge range (ooo)#
#你们被人类猎杀后(唔)#
#As you get killed by the humans (ooof)#
#中间捕食者就会迁入(的确)#
#Mesopredators gonna move in (truth)#
#对我们的宿敌说再见(噢)#
#Say goodbye to our old foes.(ooo)#
#耶 总算松了一口气!(唷)#
#Yeah what a relief! (phew)#
#没有竞争 没有捕杀(酷)#
#No competition or hunting.(coo)#
#中间捕食者已崛起!(哦)#
#So Mesopredators are released! (ooo)#
#当农民猎杀狮子(射击)#
#When farmers hunt down lions (shoot)#
#只为了保护家畜(哞哞)#
#Just to protect livestock (moo)#
#没有了捕食猩猩的动物(猩猩)#
#Nobody left to eat baboons (baboon)#
#它们就开始吃庄稼!#
#Who start eating all the crops! (true)#
#鲨鱼因为鱼翅被猎杀?(炖汤)#
#Sharks getting killed for their fins?(stew)#
#鳐鱼迅速壮大#
#Boomtime for the rays and skates (ooo)#
#然而它们吃光了所有的蚌壳(食物)#
#But they eat all the bivalves (food)#
#人们的菜盘空空如也(哇)#
#Humans left with an empty plate (poof)#
#把野狗都围起来?(嘘)#
#Fence out all the dingoes?(shoo)#
#狐狸们闪亮登场(哦)#
#Foxes rise in a blink (ooh)#
#当狐狸还在捕猎(哦)#
#And as the fox keeps hunting (ooh)#
#小型哺乳动物快速灭绝(长鼻袋鼠)#
#Little mammals go extinct (potoroo)#
#但是和顶级(捕猎者)的对决(隆隆)#
#But we’re not just thriving (coup)#
#使我们不能旺盛生长(砰然一击)#
#Due to the apex crash (boom)#
#在人类附近的生活很富裕(太棒了)#
#Living near humans is rich (ooh)#
#我们可以呆在这吃光所有的垃圾#
#We’re sitting here eating up trash (and
(有老鼠!)#
rats!)#
#食物链 食物链 食物链 食物链 食物链 (低吠声)#
#Food chain food chain food chain food chainfood chain (woof)#
#顶级崩塌 营养级联*随之而至#
#Trophic cascades happen quick with apex gone#
#我们分崩离析#
#And we’re turned loose.#
#我们可以待在人类身边茁壮成长#
#We can thrive by human side,#
#重整食物链 直到它由我们掌控#
#rise up the food chain ‘ til we rule#
中间捕食者的统治严重破坏了许多生态系统
The rule of mesopredators has wreaked havoc on many ecosystems,
因此 在某些地区 人们
so in some places, humans
引入一些老练的顶级捕食者来平衡中间捕食者
have helped reintroduce some old-school apex predators to keep the mesopredators in check.
#黄石公园 那里曾经是我们的家#
#In Yellowstone, which had been#
#我们把土狼吃干抹净#
#our home We used to eat up coyotes#
#然而随着我们被猎杀#
#But as we were killed,#
#土狼兴奋至极#
#coyotes were thrilled#
#这是一顿老鼠和兔子的盛宴!#
#It was a mouse and rabbit feast!#
#但这危害了老鹰 獾和狐狸#
#But that hurt the hawks, badgers, and fox.#
#它们也以老鼠和兔子为食#
#Who had relied on them for meat.#
#然而随着我们的回归#
#But since we’ve returned, they’re startingto learn#
#人们逐渐认识到我们可以帮助其他的物种#
#That we can help other specieeees#
#向黄石公园引入狼帮助恢复了整个生态系统#
#Reintroducing wolves to Yellowstone helpedrestore the whole ecosystem.#
#然而绝大多数人不想让一只狼出现在他们的后院——包括
#But most people don ’ t want a wolf in their backyard – or a lion,
一只狮子 老虎或熊#
tiger or bear – so#
#因此中间捕食者会继续崛起 最终位列顶端#
#mesopredators will continue to rise to the##top of the charts.#
#食物链 食物链 食物链 食物链 食物链 (低吠声)#
#Food chain food chain food chain food chainfood chain (woof)#
#食物链 食物链 食物链 食物链 食物链 (低吠声)#
#Food chain food chain food chain food chainfood chain (woof)#
#食物链 食物链 食物链 食物链 食物链 (低吠声)#
#Food chain food chain food chain food chainfood chain (woof)#
#食物链 食物链 食物链 食物链 食物链 (低吠声)#
#Food chain food chain food chain food chainfood chain (woof)#
本视频由“密码管理器”赞助播出
This video was sponsored by Dashlane,
一个密码经理 他能通过生成和保存安全密码
a password manager that helps protect your data from
的方法来保护你的账户中
all sorts of predators – meso, apex or otherwise –
各种各样的关于捕食者的数据——无论是中间
by generating and storing secure passwords
顶级 亦或是其他
for your accounts.
这里是一分钟地球 我们是“密码管理器”的老用户
Here at MinuteEarth, we’re long-time Dashlane users,
我们最喜爱的功能之一就是
and one of our favorite features is
“密码管理器”会警告我们正在登录的网站的
that Dashlane alerts us to any security breaches
安全漏洞 然后帮助我们更新密码
on the sites we use, and then helps us update
并使它同步到所有成员的设备上
those passwords and sync them across all teammembers’ devices.
想要免费使用“密码管理器” 鼠标点击链接
To get Dashlane for free today, click on the link in the description;
你也可以使用
you can also use
特别优惠码 “一分钟地球” 来获取10%的优惠
the special promo code minuteearth to get10% off Dashlane Premium.

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视频概述

跟着诙谐的说唱音乐一起了解食物链变化的秘密吧|生物

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

Whizzkid

审核员

审核员YX

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jsJj9q5UKlE

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