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清除三千万磅垃圾带来的影响

Removing 30,000,000 Pounds of Trash Will Actually Have This Impact #TeamSeas

Here is the impact that will happen
接下来我们讲一讲
if we all manage to raise $30 million dollars and
如果大家都行动起来 募集3千万美元
remove 30 million pounds of trash from the ocean,
来清除三千万磅海洋垃圾 会产生什么影响?
but first let’s see why we are doing this.
但我们先来看看为何要这么做
Explorer Victor Vescovo
探险家维克多·韦斯科沃
was a terrifying 35,853 feet (10,928 meters) underwater.
曾下潜至令人生畏的深度:水下35853英尺(10928米)
A new record for manned descents into the Marianas Trench.
创造了载人深潜马里亚纳海沟的新纪录
While he was investigating the deepest ocean trench on Earth,
维克多探测世界上最深的马里亚纳海沟时
Vescovo identified three new species of deep-sea life
发现了三种全新的深海生物
including a shrimp-like crustacean,
包括状似虾的甲壳类动物
and he also discovered something else.
也发现了其它东西
Something incredible.
让人难以置信的东西
What he found was… a plastic bag.
他发现了……一个塑料袋
That’s right, nearly 7 miles down
没错 在接近7英里深
at the bottom of one of the world’s most remote habitats,
世界上最偏僻的栖息地之一的底部
a place where no human had gone before,
一个先前人迹未至之地
was contaminated with our garbage.
都有了垃圾污染
Humanity has treated the ocean badly.
人类对待海洋十分恶劣
For years, we’ve had an out of sight out of mind mentality.
多年来 我们一直都抱着“眼不见心不烦”的心态
If we didn’t see it, it’s not there.
我们没看到 问题就不存在
But we’ve dumped so much trash in the sea,
但我们已经向海里倾倒了太多垃圾
currents have formed debris into 5 giant garbage patches.
这些垃圾在洋流的作用下形成了5大垃圾带
The largest — the Great Pacific Garbage Patch
最大的是大太平洋垃圾带
is 1.6 million square kilometers,
面积达160万平方千米
an area twice the size of Texas
有两个得克萨斯州
or three times the size of France,
或是三个法国那么大
and it’s estimated to contain 80,000 tonnes of plastic,
据估计这个垃圾带有8万公吨塑料
which weighs as much as 500 Jumbo Jets.
有500架大型喷气式客机那么重
And all this trash is a big, big problem.
这些垃圾是个巨大的麻烦
Plastic and other trash can cloud the water,
塑料和其他垃圾会降低水体的透明度
altering light levels and reducing oxygen,
改变光照强度 减少氧气
therefore affecting the ability to support aquatic life.
进而影响水体供养水生生物的能力
100,000 marine animals die each year from getting entangled in plastic,
每年 十万只海洋生物会死于塑料缠绕
and those are just the ones we find and can count,
而这十万只还只是我们发现并能够统计的
while millions more mistake microplastic for food and eat it
还有数百万生物正把微塑料误当作食物进食
causing them to choke or starve
导致这些生物在消化系统
when their digestive systems get blocked with plastic.
被塑料堵塞后窒息或饿死
And then when bigger animals eat the smaller ones,
再经由大型动物吃小型动物的过程
chemicals from the plastic the little ones had consumed
小型动物所摄入塑料中的化学物质
accumulate in their tissues.
会在它们的组织中积累
Bigger animals that include… that’s right, us.
那些大型动物包括……没错 我们人类
When humans eat seafood,
当人类吃海鲜时
those same chemicals can end up in our bodies too.
那些化学物质最后也会进入我们的身体
In 2015, National Geographic reported
《国家地理》在2015年报道称
there’s an estimated 5.25 trillion
据估计 海洋里大约含有
pieces of plastic debris in the ocean.
5.25万亿片塑料残骸
About 269,000 tons float on the surface,
浮出水面的塑料总重约达26.9万吨
while some four billion plastic microfibers
而深海微塑料密度
per square kilometer drift in the depths.
已达约40亿片每平方千米
These microplastic fibers occur
这些微塑料纤维的出现
when larger pieces of plastic are broken down
是因为更大片的塑料
by sun exposure and wave action.
被日光暴晒和波浪冲击破坏
To make matters worse,
更糟糕的是
as the plastic continues to degrade
随着塑料不断的分解
it releases chemicals that further contaminate the ocean.
它会释放出进一步污染海洋的化学物质
Most plastics will take a long, long time to completely break down.
大部分塑料 经过十分漫长的时间才能完全分解
Hundreds of years in fact.
事实上 要花费几百年
That’s year after year of plastics slowly poisoning marine life.
几百年内的年复一年 塑料会慢慢地毒害海洋生物
Thankfully, many groups have been working on
令人欣慰的是 很多团体正在进行海洋清理活动
cleaning the ocean including #TeamSeas.
包括#TeamSeas
Their current campaign is
他们目前实行的活动
to remove 30 Million pounds of plastic and trash
是从我们的海洋 河流和沙滩
from our ocean, rivers and beaches.
清除三千万磅的塑料和垃圾
The removal of this trash has both immediate
清除这些垃圾
and long-term wide-ranging positive effects
能够为海洋的生态系统
on the ocean’s ecosystem.
带来迅速 持久和广泛的积极作用
It means fewer seals and dolphins
这意味着被废弃鱼网缠住的海豹和海豚
end up tangled in discarded fishing nets.
会变得越来越少
Less plastic bags in the water
水里的塑料袋减少
means fewer sea turtles mistake them for delicious jellyfish.
意味着把袋子误认作美味水母的海龟会减少
It stops the breakdown
清除这些垃圾能够阻止塑料分解
and hazardous slow leak of chemicals
阻止来自于塑料的有害化学物质
from that plastic into the water.
缓慢泄漏到水中
Cleaner water means healthier phytoplankton,
更洁净的水意味着海洋食物链的基础
which is the foundation for the marine food chain.
浮游植物 会变得更加健康
It’s a little hard to wrap your mind around
想要理解三千万磅有多少
how much 30 million pounds is,
或许有一点难度
but let’s try.
但是让我们尝试一下
The largest animal on earth, an adult blue whale
世界上最大的动物 一头成年蓝鲸
can weigh about 330,000 lbs (149,685kg).
重约33万磅(149685kg)
So 3 blue whales weigh roughly a million pounds.
因此三头蓝鲸差不多有一百万磅重
That means the amount of plastic
意味着#TeamSeas
that #Team Seas is going to remove from the ocean
要从海里清除的垃圾数量
is the equivalent of 90 full-grown, adult blue whales.
相当于90头发育成熟的成年蓝鲸
If you’re feeling cynical
如果你对此嗤之以鼻
and don’t think that 30 Million pounds is enough,
认为三千万磅远远不够
don’t worry.
不要担心
This is just the beginning
这只是一个开始
and an ambitious plan is underway
一项宏图大业正在实施过程中
to achieve a 90% reduction
它要在2040年之前
of floating ocean plastic by 2040.
实现海洋漂浮垃圾减少九成
Here are 5 reasons why humanity must take care of the ocean.
以下是五个人类必须爱护海洋的原因
No.1 Fresh oxygen.
第一 新鲜的氧气
The ocean covers about 70% of the earth’s surface,
海洋占地球总面积约70%
contains 97% of the earth’s water,
含有地球97%的水量
and produces over half of the world’s oxygen.
产生的氧气超过地球氧气总量的一半
Microscopic phytoplankton absorb carbon dioxide
微生浮游藻类群落吸收二氧化碳
and release oxygen back into the atmosphere through photosynthesis.
通过光合作用向大气释放氧气
The ocean absorbs 50 times more carbon dioxide than our atmosphere.
与大气相比 海洋能吸收50倍的二氧化碳
No.2 Temperature and weather balancing.
第二 平衡温度与天气
The ocean helps to regulate the earth’s climate.
海洋有助于调节地球气候
Not only does it soak up the majority of the sun’s rays,
它不仅能够吸收大部分的阳光
but currents spread out the heat.
还能通过洋流将热度扩散开来
Warm water is transported from the equator to the poles,
把温暖的海水从赤道输送到极点
and cold water from the poles to the tropics.
把冰冷的海水从极点输送到热带
Without these currents,
没有这些洋流
many regions would be inhabitable or experience extreme weather.
很多地方将变得无法居住或遭遇极端天气
The ocean absorption of carbon dioxide also helps
海洋对二氧化碳的吸收
to keep our global climate in check.
还能抑制全球气候变暖
The ocean plays a key role in the water cycle,
海洋在水循环中发挥着重要的作用
thereby creating weather.
从而能控制天气
The sun shines, the warm currents heat the ocean,
在太阳照耀下 温暖的气流加热了海洋
water evaporates forming clouds,
水蒸发形成云层
increasing air temperature and humidity.
增加了空气的温度与湿度
The clouds then get blown back over the land,
接着云层被吹回大陆
it rains, the water nourishes the planet
产生降雨 雨水滋润了地球
and then makes its way back to the ocean.
接着再返回到海洋
If it wasn’t for the ocean and the water cycle process,
如果没有海洋和水循环的过程
the earth would be a desert.
地球会变成一片沙漠
No.3 Home to marine life.
第三 海洋生命的家园
The ocean is the biggest habitat on the planet.
海洋是地球上最大的栖息地
There are about 18,000 known species of fish.
已知的鱼类约有一万八千种
There are some 240,000 known marine species.
而已知的海洋生物种类则多达二十四万种
Scientists estimated that
据科学家估计
there are another 500,000-2 million marine organisms
还有五十万到两百万种海洋微生物
yet to be discovered.
正等待着被发现
No.4 It’s an important source of food.
第四 海洋是重要的食物来源
The ocean is the number one source of protein for more than a billion people.
海洋是供给超过十亿人蛋白质的第一来源
Fish accounts for about 15.7% of the animal protein consumed globally.
鱼肉约占全球动物蛋白摄入的15.7%
Humans also use algae and sea plants for sushi and other dishes.
人类也用藻类和海产植物制作寿司和其他菜品
In recent years seaweed has become a trendy health food snack.
近年来海藻成为了一种流行的健康零食
No 5 The ocean has therapeutic properties.
第五 海洋具有医疗功效
Anti-viral drugs Zovirax and Acyclovir
抗病毒药物舒维辽和阿昔洛韦
were isolated from nucleosides in Caribbean sponges.
就是从加勒比海绵的核苷中提取出来的
Molluscs and other species have been found to have cancer-fighting agents.
软体动物和其他物种被发现含有抗癌剂
Researchers are marine-prospecting for aquatic biotechnology
研究者们正在海底火山口附近
around volcanic vents on the seabed
进行海洋生物技术勘探
in the hopes of developing materials resistant to heat and toxins.
希望能开发出耐热和抗毒的材料
We have barely scratched the surface
对于海洋可能给予的
of the medicinal and biotechnologies
药学和生物科技
the ocean may have to offer us.
我们只触及了一小部分
Being near the ocean itself can be therapeutic.
临近海洋本身就具有疗愈作用
Various studies have shown improved mental and physical health
各种研究都表明 在海边度过一段时间的人们
in those who spend time near the coast.
心理和生理健康都得到了提升
The scenery is restful.
海边风景十分惬意怡人
The sound of the waves is relaxing and promotes a meditative state.
海浪的声音令人放松 能促进冥想状态
There are a variety of ways you can care for the ocean.
保护海洋的方式有很多
Here are just 7 of them:
以下仅介绍七种方式
No.1 Educate yourself.
第一 自我教学
The facts in this video is just the tip of the iceberg.
这个视频中的事实只是冰山一角
Learn about the various issues affecting the ocean
了解影响着海洋的各种问题
and how your particular community plays into them.
和你所处团体在其中发挥的作用
Support local efforts and public officials who pursue good ocean policy.
支持执行利海政策的公务人员和当地的行动
No.2 Don’t litter.
第二 不要往水里扔垃圾
Storm drains flow into local waterways which ultimately flow into the ocean.
下水道的水会经由当地的水道最终汇入海中
When it rains, trash-clogged storm drains
降雨时 被垃圾堵塞的下水道
can back up and make streets flood.
能反流并淹没街道
Also, lots of junk is pushed
同时 很多垃圾都被挤入水系
into the water system and into the ocean.
然后流入海洋
No.3 Reduce Pollutants.
第三 减少污染
Choose nontoxic chemicals
选择无毒化学用品
and dispose of pesticides, motor oil, and cleaning products properly.
并妥当处理农药 车用机油和清洁用品
Never simply dump hazardous materials down a drain,
永远不要随意将危险有害的材料丢入下水道
this pollutes your local water system.
它会污染你当地水系
No.4 Reduce waste.
第四 减少浪费
Shop wisely.
理智购物
Be mindful of what you purchase,
考虑好你要买的东西
because one day it will be trash.
因为有一天它会变成垃圾
Support companies that practice green manufacturing
支持践行绿色生产
and limit wasteful packaging.
和限制过度包装的公司
Opt not to use single-use plastics
选择不使用一次性塑料制品
such as plastic cutlery, plastic bags, and balloons.
例如塑料餐具 塑料袋和气球
Invest in environmentally friendly items
购置对环境友好的物品
such as cloth shopping bags and reusable water bottles
例如布制购物袋和可重复利用的水瓶
No. 5 Volunteer!
第五 志愿服务!
Participate in cleanups at the beach and local watersheds in your community.
参与社区的海滩和当地流域的清理
If your community doesn’t have a cleanup day program,
如果你的社区没有清理日项目
consider starting one.
考虑自发组织一个
No.6 Tell a friend.
第六 告诉你的朋友
Share your knowledge with friends
把你的知识与朋友们分享
and encourage them to join you
并鼓励他们加入你的队伍
in donating to clean the ocean,
为清理海洋捐款
volunteering, and reducing waste.
进行志愿服务 并减少浪费
No.7
第七
And of course, donate to the #TeamSeas campaign to clean the ocean.
当然了 捐款给#TeamSeas的海洋清理活动
All donations to #TeamSeas will be
所有捐给#TeamSeas的款项
split equally between 2 nonprofit charities:
都会给平分给两个非营利慈善组织:
Ocean Conservancy and The Ocean Cleanup.
海洋保护协会和海洋清理组织
The ocean is the heart of the earth
海洋是地球之心
and vital not only to our survival
它不仅对我们的生存至关重要
but for the survival of every living creature.
对所有生物都是如此
So, be a part of this incredible fundraiser
所以 成为这些超棒的募捐者的一员吧
and head over to Teamseas.org
前往Teamseas.org
and make a donation today!
献出一份爱心吧!
Every dollar donated will remove 1 pound of plastic.
每捐出一美元就能清除一磅垃圾
Together, we can have a huge impact!
众人齐心 其力断金!

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视频概述

塑料污染,在生活中随处可见。但你是否知道,它甚至出现在几万米深的海里?这些不速之客对海洋的水体与生物造成了巨大的伤害。海洋对人类的贡献太多,我们能做些什么,来弥补这颗饱受摧残的地球之心?让我们通过这个视频来了解一下吧。

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翻译译者

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审核员

审核员DJS

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T48_SrFCdaQ

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