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BBC语法秀:关系从句2 – 译学馆
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BBC语法秀:关系从句2

Relative Clauses 2: The Grammar Gameshow Episode 12

[鼓掌]
[Applause]
大家好 欢迎来到今天的语法秀
Hello and welcome to today’s grammar game show.
我是节目主持人 威尔
I’m your host, Will.
这毫无疑问
Could anything be more affirming?
当然别忘了莱斯利
And of course let’s not forget Lesily,
回荡在天际的声音
our all–knowing voice in the sky
大家 早上好!
Good morning, everyone!
今天我们将提出3个关于
Today, we are gonna be asking three questions about
关系从句的问题
“Relative Clauses”
这个语法可以用来
that useful grammer that allows you to
修饰名词
modify a noun.
好吧 让我们看看选手们状态如何
Ok, let’s see how our contestants are doing.
早上好 你们因为上一集封锁在了我们演播间里
Good morning, you spent Saturday and Sunday
你们在这里度过了周末
locked up in our studio due to last episodes lock down
祝你们好运 没啥比懒洋洋的周末更好的了 不是吗
Lucky you. Oh there’s nothing quite like a lazy weekend, is there.
我感觉精神好极了 你们呢
I feel so refreshed. How was yours?
饥寒交迫
So cold…so hungry…
那么2号选手呢
And contestant No.2?
拜托 我需要(打个)电话 我这些天都没有回家
Please, I need a phone. I haven’t been home for days
我家里人一定担心死我了
my families gonne be worried about me.
不行 在这个演播间里我们屏蔽了所有的手机信号
No, I’m afraid we blocked all mobie phone signals in this studio
为了防止作弊 别担心这个
to prevent cheating. Not to worry
很高兴又见到你们看上去不错哦
Nice to see you both again looking so well.
好了 开始吧
Ok, let’s get going
还有别忘了观众朋友们可以在家一起参与哟
And don’t forget you can play along at home too.
问题1:我们知道 “who”
Q1: we know that “who”
“which” “that” 和“whose”
“”which”, “that”, and “whose”
都可以用作关系代词
can be used as relative pronouns.
然而 关系副词“when”和”where”
However, relative adverbs “when” and ” where”
也可以被用于讨论
can also be used for talking about
时间和地方 他们经常会被
places and times. They can always be replaced
介词+“which”替换
by preposition and “which”
请看下列句子并告诉我要如何替换
Look at these sentences and tell me how to replace
“when”或“where”
“when” or “where”
那天我坠入了爱河
That was the day when I fell in love
[抢答铃声]用“on which”
[bell ringing] “on which”
在那一天我坠入爱河
That was the day on which I fell in love.
正确!
Correct!
这是我找到钱的地方
This the place where I found the money.
[抢答铃声]用“at which”
[bell ringing] “at which”
在那个地方我找到了钱
This is the place at which I found the money.
-“正确”-银行是一个地点
“Correct” A bank is a place
在那你可以取钱
where you could withdraw money.
[抢答铃声]用“from which”
[bell ringing] “from which”
银行是你可以取钱的地方
A bank is a place from which yoy can withdraw money.
– “正确”-那是列车出发的时间
” Correct!” That was the time when the train departed
[抢答铃声]用“at which”
[bell ring] “at which”
在那个时候列车出发了
That was the time at which the train departed.
-“正确”-莱希里
-“太棒了”
” Correct!” Lesily! “Excellent!”
“When”和“where”都是关系副词
“When” and “Where” are relative adverbs
用来描述地点或时间
that describe places or times
并且同样的用法也适用于
and that can be used in the same way
“who” “which” “whose”和“that”
as “who”, “which”, “whose”, and “that”.
然而 “when”和“where”总可以被
However, “when” and “where” can always be replaced by
“which”和介词替换
“which” and preposition.
介词的选择需要通过上下文来判断
The choice of preposition depends on the context.
所以要小心!
So be careful!
你们都做的很好!一人三分
Well done both of you! Three points each.
[音乐]
[music]
接着第二个问题 正如我们刚刚看到的
Under question two. We’ve just see
有时关系从句中有介词
that sometimes relative clauses have prepositions in them.
那么介词的位置
How does the position of the preposition
如何与关系从句搭配呢?
related the relative clauses formality ?
[铃响]
[bell ring]
介词可以出现在两处
The perposition can be in two positions.
第一处是在关系从句之前
Immediately before the relative clause
第二处是在关系从句的结尾
or at the end of the relative clause.
莱希里
Lesily
做得好!
Well done!
介词可以出现在两个地方
The preposition can appear in two positions.
假如出现在关系代词之前
If it appears before the relative pronoun
句子会更加正式
the sentence is more formal .
是更书面化的风格
This is a more written style .
假如出现在关系从句结尾
If it is at the end of the relative clause
句子就是非正式的
the sentence is less formal.
更口语化
This is more spoken.
干得漂亮!你赢得了两分
Good job! Two points for you.
现在到了快速抢答环节
Let’s have a quick fire practice round then
注意下列句子 告诉我它们是正式的还是非正式的
Look at these sentences and tell me if that formal or informal.
这是我出生的医院
This is the hospital in which I was born.
[铃响]正式
[bell ring] Formal.
正确!
Correct!
我从那个男孩那儿拿了一本书
There’s the boy I got the book from.
[铃响]非正式
[bell ring] Informal.
正确!
Correct!
这是你朋友所必需的药物
This is the medicine your friend can’t live without.
[铃响]非正式
[bell ring] Informal.
正确!
Correct!
她是生意人 我从她那儿学到了很多
She’s the business person from whom I learned everything.
[铃响]正式
[bell ring] Formal.
正确!
Correct!
还有一个加分的机会
And for a bonus point
谁能告诉我为什么上述最后一句话更正式吗?
can you tell me why the last sentence was even more formal
[铃响]
[bell ring]
不仅仅因为是介词
Not only is a preposition
在关系代词之前
before the relative pronoun
而且说话者用的是“whom” 它是“who”的宾格
but the speaker who is used “whom” which is a object form of “who”
这也是正式的表达
and it’s also formal.
-莱希里-做得好 凯特
Lesily . Well done, Kate.
“whom”是用于指代人的关系代词
“Whom” is a relative pronoun used for people
但只有当它在关系从句中是宾语时才可使用
but only when they are the object of the relative clause.
它非常正式 口语中使用少 在书面语中使用很合适
It’s quite formal and not spoken much but it looks nice in writing.
做得好 凯特
Well done, Kate
你得到了66分
sixty–six points for you.
[音乐]
[music]
是时候看我们最后的问题了
It’s time for our last question
然后你们就可以回家了
and then you get to go home.
不管怎样 只有你们中的一个
One of you , anyway
问题3: 最后一个关系代词“what”也可以用于关系从句
Question 3: The last relative pronoun “what” can also be used in relative clauses.
但这不同
But it is different.
观察下列句子 然后告诉我为什么不同
Look at this sentence and tell me why.
我需要一个愉快的长假
A nice long holiday is what I need.
[铃响]
[bell ring]
“what”作为关系代词指的是”the thing which”
As a relative pronoun “what” means the thing “which”
我需要的是一个愉快的长假
A nice long holiday is the thing which I need.
莱希里
Lesily
做得好! 莱文顿!
Well done! Levington!
“What”可以用作关系代词
“What”can be used as a relative pronoun
指的是”the thing which”
to mean “the thing which”
但与其他关系代词不同的是
but,unlike other relative pronouns
“which”前需要一个名词
“which”need or refer to a noun
“what”是名词和关系代词的组合
“what”is the noun and relative pronoun combined
所以要小心
So be careful.
干得好! 莱文赢得一千分
Good job! Levine have a thousand points.
好的 今天的语法秀接近尾声了
Well,that’s bringing us to the end of today’s Grammer game show.
让我们算一下两位的分数
Let’ s count out the points
哦 就算上次节目和今天的分数
Oh,count even last show’s points and the one’s today…
再算上……谁能胜出呢?哔 哆 滴 哆
and a little bit of…Who can carry the..bi–do–di–do..
莱文顿胜出
and the winner is Levington.
太棒了!这是你的奖品
Well done! Here’s what you’ve won.
早餐
It’s breakfast.
太美味了!
So tasty!
食物!
Food!
下周见 那时你没准能再拿一个奖
Ehh,well see you next week when you can play for another prize.
还有凯特
And Kate
“嗯 你已经经历了一个十分严酷的考验!”
“You’ve been throuh quite an ordeal, eh!”
在结束前你想说些什么么
Is there anything you want to say before…
[笑声]
[laughter]
我可以打电话给我的家人吗?他们一定超担心
Can I please just call my family? They must be worry sick
恐怕演播室里没有手机服务
Well,there’s no mobile phone service in the studio I’m afraid.
这是为了防止作弊
To discourage cheating.
你懂的
You understand.
是的 我想我应该……
Yes,I suppose…
召唤闪电
Call for the lighting.
看来我们还需要另一位选手
It looks like we’ll need another contestant.
感谢参加我们的节目
Thanks for joining us.
说再见 莱希里
Say goodbye, Lesily.
再见 莱希里
Sayonala,Lesily.
嗯 下次见
Oh,see you next time.
[音乐]
[music]

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译制信息
视频概述

英语语法中关于关系从句之关系代词的讲解。

听录译者

Summer

翻译译者

柚木

审核员

审核员YX

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QICgIltwsWs

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