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重建古埃及雕像的挑战 – 译学馆
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重建古埃及雕像的挑战

Rebuilding an Ancient Egyptian Statue is a Huge Challenge

被人遗忘的法老普萨姆提克一世巨型雕像
NARRATOR: The largest piecesof the colossal statue
碎片中最大的几块
of forgotten pharaohPsamtik I are today
如今在开罗博物馆展出
on display at the Cairo Museum.
但是其他从遗迹回收的1900块碎片
But 1,900 other fragmentsrecovered from the site are
正在作为国家艺术中心的
being pieced togetherat the state-of-the-art
大埃及博物馆拼接复原
Grand Egyptian Museum.
这是埃及考古下一步要进行的工作
This is the next stepin Egyptian archeology.
从图坦卡蒙陵墓里发掘出的所有无价珍品
It’s where all the priceless artifacts from the tomb
在新大埃及博物馆展出之前
of Tutankhamun are being analyzed before they go on
都要在这里进行分析
display in the new Grand Egyptian Museum.
并且成千上万
And it’s wherethousands and thousands
埃及最有价值的宝物
of Egypt’s mostvaluable treasures
在这里进行研究
are being investigated. NARRATOR:
在这1900块修复的碎片中
From the 1,900recovered fragments,
几乎没留下普萨姆提克一世雕像破碎的腿部碎片
little remained ofPsamtik’s shattered legs.
对专家来说挑战在于解决
The challenge for the experts was to work out
普萨姆提克一世被刻画成坐像还是立像的问题
if the Pharaoh was depicted sitting or standing.
姿势将有助于决定这尊巨像真实的大小
The pose would help determinethe true scale of the colossus.
他们的答案来自于一块意想不到的碎片
And their answer came from anunexpected piece of the puzzle.
这些线条只可能是
These lines canreally only be the folds
来自于法老所穿的短褶裙的折痕
from a kilt, a short kiltthat Pharaoh was wearing.
所以这是他身体中部的一部分
So this is a part ofthe middle of his body.
事实上 这些刻痕代表他
And in fact, these curvesrepresent the top of
左腿的上端和他的臀部
his left leg and his rear end.
所以就像是这一块
So it’s this kind of part here.
这相当有趣 因为这些刻痕
And this is really, reallyinteresting because the curves
顺着普萨姆提克一世的短褶裙和腿向下延伸
are moving down the kilt,moving down the Pharaoh’s leg,
并且斜在身前
and they are angledforwards from his body. NARRATOR:
细致地分析之后 这些褶痕揭示了
Detailed analysis of the folds reveal they could only form like this
普萨姆提克一世是站立的才会这样
if Psamtik was standing up. Incredibly,
难以置信 复杂的细节允许专家
the intricatedetailing allows experts
现在能够重现他的确切姿势
to now recreate his exact pose.
所以他的左腿并不是跟他的
So his left leg wouldn’t havebeen entirely upright in line
上身一样保持直立
with the upper part of his body,
事实上 他的左腿站得有些往前
it would, in fact, have been standing sort of forward.
因此他更可能是
So he would have been more
大步前行的姿势
in a kind of a striding pose,
就像这样
like this.
这样能够传达一种力量感和权势感
Would have conveyed a senseof sort of strength and power.
他用这个姿势投射出了他的仪表堂堂
It’s a very imposing sort of shape he casts in this pose.
并且这当然是经典的埃及皇室雕塑
And this is absolutely classicof Egyptian royal sculpture. NARRATOR:
这些碎片揭示出完整的雕像
The fragmentsreveal the complete statue
有36英尺高 是一个全能的阔步前行姿态的巨像
would have been 36 feet tall, anall-powerful striding colossus.
这是一个引人注目权倾天下的姿势
It’s a strikingpower pose, and it’s
并且它和开罗博物馆展出的雕像有异曲同工之妙
uncannily similar to a statueon display at the Cairo Museum.
这是法老辛努塞尔特三世的雕像 看
This is a statue of PharaohSenusret III, and look,
它有着明晰的躯干 同样清晰的胸肌
it’s got the same well-definedtorso, the same clear pectoral muscles,
健壮的双肩
muscular shoulders.
它有着同样的神须
It’s got the same divine beard.
它有着同样的白色王冠 并且 最重要的是
It’s got the samewhite crown, and also, crucially,
如果你看这里 左腿向前伸展
if you look here, hisleft leg is extended forward,
使他呈大步前行姿势
giving him thisstriding pose, exactly
正如我们在另一座雕像那看到的一样
as we see in the other statue.
因此在所有关键细节上
And so in all thecrucial details,
这座雕像跟普萨姆提克一世像极其相像
this statue is exactly thesame as that of Psamtik. NARRATOR:
但是 尽管有着相似的外表
But despite itsnear-identical appearance,
有一点关键的不同之处
there’s one crucial difference.
就是这座雕像创作于埃及帝国
This statue was created at atime when the Egyptian empire
上升期而不是衰落期
was in its ascendancynot in decline, 1,200
也就是普萨姆提克一世出生前1200年
years before Psamtik was born.
所以看起来普萨姆提克一世遵循了
So it appears thatPsamtik was following
在他的时代就已经有千年历史的传统
in the tradition whichwas well over 1,000 years old by his time.
事实上 像这样雕刻雕像的传统
And in fact, the tradition ofhaving statues carved like this
甚至可以追溯到更早 直到金字塔的时代
goes back even further, tothe time of the pyramids,
正好是普萨姆提克一世时代的2000年之前
well over 2,000 yearsbefore Psamtik’s time.

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视频概述

重建埃及法老普萨姆提克一世雕像虽遇挑战,但专家根据碎片上的刻痕找到了线索…

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翻译译者

KiQ

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审核员 RN

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9BCdvo1U01w

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