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反意疑问句 | 跟露西学英语 – 译学馆
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反意疑问句 | 跟露西学英语

Question Tags | Easily Speak Like a Native!*

[令人振奋的音乐]
(Uplifting Music)
大家好!
Hello, everyone.
欢迎回到“跟露西学英语”
And welcome to English with Lucy.
今天我为你们准备了一节语法课
Today I’ve got a grammar lesson for you.
很多人都问过这个问题
A lot of you have asked for this one
因为我在之前的视频中提过要深入展开这个话题
Because I did mention going into further detail about this topic in the previous video.
如果你想看之前那个视频
If you want to watch that one,
你可以点击这里
then you can click right here.
今天我们来讲讲反意疑问句
Today we’re going to be talking about question tags.
学会如何适当地
If you learn how to appropriately
理解和使用反意疑问句
understand and use question tags,
你就能……就能……
You’re going to…you’re going to
一 让自己听起来更像一个以英语为母语的人
a) sound more like a native speaker when you speak,
二 在与母语者交流中 你能更好地理解他们的话
and b) be able to understand native speaker when they speak to you.
所以 学好反意疑问句很重要
So it’s really really important thing to learn.
这节课就是帮助你
So this lesson is going to help you
学习英语语法和口语
with your English grammar and your English speaking,
以及听力
and your listening as well really.
但是如果你想要把英语提高到更高水平
But if you want to take your English to the next level,
那我就不得不提到italki网站
then I cannot recommend italki enough.
我在这个网站工作一年多了
I’ve been working with italki for over a year now.
并且我的许多学生也受益匪浅
And so many of my students have had such fantastic results.
那是一个线上的语言学习平台
It’s an online language learning platform.
在这里你基本上可以学习所有语言
You can learn basically every language there is,
但是你或许会讨厌学习英语
but you’ll hate to learn English,
那么想象那是你想要学的
so imagine that’s what you want to learn.
italki网站有数以千计的本族语老师 并且价格实惠
And italki has thousands of native teachers at incredible prices,
他们能够帮助你 把语言说得更流利 更快捷
and they can help you become more fluent, more quickly.
你也可以订阅自己的对话课程
You can book yourself in for a conversation lesson,
或者是个性化课程 无论何时
or a plan lesson any time of the day
按照你的意愿来与母语老师或非母语老师一起学习
with native teachers, non-native teachers, whatever you want.
并且italki非常友好地为我们提供了一个给你们的礼物
And italki has very kindly given me an offer to give to you,
也就是 首充10美元
which is ten dollars worth italki credits
能得到价值十美元的italki积分
when you make your first ten-dollar purchase.
就像是课程买一送一的活动
So it’s like buy-one-get-one-free lessons.
你们只需点击下方的链接
All you have to to is click on the link below,
来进行首次购买
make your first purchase.
然后 在48小时之内
And then within 48 hours,
信誉积分就会到账
the credits will appear in your account.
希望你学得愉快!
Happy talking!
接下来 让我们一起来学习这节课
Right. Let’s get started with the lesson.
嗯 什么是反意疑问句呢?
So what are question tags?
你知道他们是什么 不是吗?
You know what they are, don’t you?
哈 这句就是
Oh, that was one there.
所以反意疑问句就是把一个简短的疑问句
So a question tag is a very short question
放在句子的后一部分
placed at the end of a statement.
它们用在询问两种情况的时候
They are used when asking for two things.
这两种情况分别是
And these two things are
一 确认
1) confirmation
二 赞同
and 2) agreement.
所以为了更好的理解说本族语的人
So in order to better understand native speakers,
在他们使用反意疑问句的时候
you need to listen to their intonation
你要注意他们的语调
when they use question tags.
所以我们先讲语调这一部分
So let’s cover this first
之后再讲解它们是如何构成的
and then move on to how they’re formed.
先开始这个吧
So let’s do this one.
你喜欢吃蛋糕 是吧?(降调)
You like cake, don’t you?
你喜欢吃蛋糕 是吗?(升调)
You like cake, don’t you?
当我用降调读这句话的时候
So when I say ‘You like cake, don’t you?’
我的意思是 我知道你喜欢吃蛋糕
It means, I know you like cake,
我只是想证实你喜欢吃蛋糕这个事实
I’m just trying to confirm the fact that you like cake.
而当我用升调去读这句话
When I say ‘you like cake, don’t you?’
我就不确定你是否喜欢吃蛋糕
I’m not sure if you like cake.
我也不确定你的答案是什么
I’m not sure about what the answer will be,
所以我再一次确认这个事实
so I’m checking the fact again.
所以 如果语调是上升的
So if the intonation goes up,
我想要知道我并不确定的答案
I want to know the answer I’m not sure.
但如果语调是下降的
If the intonation goes down,
我只是想和你对话
I’m making conversation,
去确定一些我已经知道了的事情
I’m confirming something that I’ve already known.
通常 肯定句后面跟否定的反意疑问句(前肯后否)
Now generally, a positive statement will be followed by a negative question tag.
你喜欢吃蛋糕 不是吗?
You like cake, don’t you?
相反 否定句后就跟肯定的反意疑问句(前否后肯)
And a negative statement will be followed by a positive question tag.
你不喜欢吃蛋糕 是吗?
You don’t like cake, do you?
看出差别了吗?
See the difference?
这些还算是简单的
So it’s somthing that’s really really simple,
但是仍然有许多学生对这个感到很迷惑
but I still have a lot of students that get really really confused with question tags.
我们先来将它们区分清楚
So let’s clarify this now.
从前肯后否开始
Let’s start with “positive statements, negative question tags”.
你很快乐 不是吗?
You are happy, aren’t you?
are和aren’t搭配
So “are” goes with “aren’t”.
他在家 不是吗?
He is home, isn’t he?
这很好 不是吗?
It was good, wasn’t it?
他们累了 不是吗?
They were tired, weren’t they?
你的发音很赞 不是吗?
You speak beautifully, don’t you?
他说话很糟糕 不是吗?
He speaks horribly, doesn’t he?
你吃了很多 不是吗?
You ate a lot, didn’t you?
我学习很刻苦 不是吗?
I’ve studied hard, haven’t I?
你已经到了 不是吗?
You had arrived, hadn’t you?
我们会到那的 是吧?
We’ll get there, won’t we?
你能做到的 不是吗?
You can do that, can’t you?
我们可以看见他们 不是吗?
We could see them, couldn’t we?
我们必须离开 不是吗?
We must leave, mustn’t we?
我们该做决定了 不是吗?
We should make a decision, shouldn’t we?
这些句子的疑问部分都是否定句
Now, so those are the negative ones.
但还有几种例外
There are just a couple of exceptions.
第一个例外是“am”
The first exception is with “am”.
我是金发女郎 不是吗(aren’t I)?
I’m blonde, aren’t I? (Am I not?)
我不会说成“Am I not?”
So I’m not saying “I’m blonde, am I not?”
虽然这也没有错
which you can say,
但是听起来十分正式
but it sounds very very formal.
我们一般都是用“aren’t I”
We would say, “I’m blonde, aren’t I?”
下一个特例是“let’s”
And the next exception is with “let’s”
我们走吧 好吗?
Let’s go, shall we?
我们把“let’s”和“shall”组合在一起
So we team up “let’s” with “shall”.
然后 前否后肯其实也是一样的
Now, the negative statement with a positive question tag is exactly the same,
当然 也有一些例外
apart from a couple of exceptions.
第一个例外也是“am”
The first exception is with “am”.
我不会去 是吗?
I’m not going, am I?
这种情况下 我们不用“aren’t”
So, we’re not using “aren’t” in that case.
前面举的一大堆例子里 我们已经见过了
So a couple of examples using the ones we’ve seen before.
呃 你还没吃 是吗?
Uh… You haven’t eaten, have you?
他不太友好 是吗?
He wasn’t friendly, was he?
还有 句子里有
Now, statements using
No, Neither, Nobody, None, Nothing
No, Neither, Nobody, None, Nothing
Seldom, Barely 和 Hardly这些词的
Seldom, Barely and Hardly
陈述部分都把它当成否定句
are all treated as negative statements.
举个例子 “没有人来 是吗?”
So I would say, “nobody came, did they?”
一眼看过去
So at first glance,
陈述部分就像是肯定句
it might look like a positive statement,
疑问部分也是肯定句
and a positive question tag.
但是你必须确定
But you need to make sure
在前半部分有刚刚看过的那些否定词
that you see the negative word before it.
好了朋友们 你们今天的家庭作业就是
OK, guys. Your homework today is
在评论区写三条反意疑问句的评论
to write in the comments three statements with question tags.
用我们今天所学到的知识
Using what we’ve learnt today,
然后 要求是能逗我笑
and I want you to make me laugh.
越有趣越好
I want you to make them as funny as possible.
看你能不能做到了
So see if you can do that.
别忘了去italki上注册 并学习课程
Don’t forget to sign up for the lesson on italki.
所有的信息和有关的链接都放在简介了
All of the information and the link is in the description box
记得在我所有的社交媒体上与我取得联系
and don’t forget to connect with me on all of my social media.
Instagram和Facebook我都会经常看
l’ve got my Instagram and my Facebook.
下次课再见咯
I will see you soon for another lesson. Mua~
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Watch this… or even this…
记得订阅!
and don’t forget to subscribe!
[令人振奋的音乐]
(Uplifting Music)

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视频概述

跟露西学英语-美丽可爱的露西小姐姐这次带来了一节语法课。想知道反意疑问句的用法和它们真正的意思吗?露西将为您解答

听录译者

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翻译译者

IllUSION

审核员

DY

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zNUhMBmPbTU

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