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英语口语发音——美式英语常用100个单词权威指南

Pronunciation – The Definitive Guide to the Top 100 Words in American English | Rachel’s English

This is your final lesson in the 100 most common words in English series.
这是《美式英语常用100词》最后一课
Here we’ve been going over the pronunciation
我们一直在复习
of the 100 most common words in American English
美式英语中最常见100个单词的发音
to see what we could learn,
看看我们能从中收获什么
and I’ve been teaching pronunciation and accent reduction for over 10 years,
10多年来我一直从事发音教学和口音矫正工作
and even I was surprised at what we saw.
连我都经常对学习效果感到惊讶
Today we’re going to go over lessons
今天我们将要复习
that we’ve learned in the previous videos
之前视频中学过的课程
and talk about how you can approach studying the pronunciation of American English.
并讨论如何进一步学习美式英语发音
瑞秋英语 美式英语发音指南
I started this project
我开设这个课程
because I saw another teacher going over
是因为看到另一位老师在youtube上
how to pronounce the 100 most common words in English on Youtube,
复习100个最常见英语单词的发音
and I was surprised by what was being taught.
视频中所教内容让我惊讶
It was the full and complete pronunciation of each word,
视频中每一个单词的发音都是完整的
for example, AND was taught to be pronounced AND
例如 视频中教我们 AND发音是 [ænd]
but that’s not how we pronounce it!
但我们平时并不是这样发音的
Let’s hop over to Youglish
让我们跳转到Youglish
to study Americans using this word in sentences,
学习美国人在句子中如何使用这个词
without thinking about the pronunciation.
暂且不考虑发音问题
And.
And you have.
And with, and with. And that’s.
And so.
And you, and you, and you. and you, and you.
So we’re getting either and or an.
我们听到的要么是and要么是an
So you can hear, it’s not AND.
所以你听到的不是AND
It’s ‘an’, or ‘n’, reduced, said really quickly.
而是an或者n 发音省略了 说得非常快
So,I wanted to make you a series where we talked about this,
所以 我想给大家做一个系列课程来讨论这个问题
the real pronunciation,
讨论实际上的发音
the way words are used in whole sentences.
单词在整个句子中的使用方式
AND is a stressed pronunciation, and.
AND是重读发音 [ænd]
But in English many words are unstressed, or even reduced,
但在英语中 很多单词是轻读 甚至是略读
and this is what happens with ‘ and ’.
这就是and在实际使用中的情况
We reduce it: that means we drop or change a sound.
我们将它略读 意味着放弃或改变部分发音
And what I found as we went through the words together really surprised me.
当我们学习这些单词时 我发现一件令我惊讶的事
Out of 100, there were only 25 words where I thought,
在100个单词中 我认为只有 25个单词
that’s never unstressed, and it never reduces.
是从没有重读过 而且它们从不略读
We never change or drop a sound.
我们从不改变或少读一个音
Woo… Only 25 out of a hundred.
天哪 100个单词中仅仅有25个
That means if you go by the book pronunciation,
那就意味着如果你按照书上的发音
the full, stressed pronunciation, you will not sound natural speaking English.
全读 重读 你的英语口语就会显得不自然
In the very first video,
在第一个视频中
we played around with what English would sound like
我们研究了英语的发音
if every word was stressed and fully pronounced.
如果每个单词都重读和全读
The sentence was: This is for work.
那么句子就这样读: This is for work.
This is for work.
It should be: This is for work.
它应该是:This is for work.
This– is for work.
We have the ‘for’ reduction
我们将for略读了
What if every word was stressed?
如果每个单词都重读会怎么样?
This is for work.
This is for work.
This is for work.
Every word would have that up-down shape of stress,
每个单词都会有轻重起伏
would be longer, and it
读起来将会更长
sounds a little robotic, doesn’t it?
并且听起来有点机械 是吗?
It definitely doesn’t sound like natural American English.
这绝不像地道的美式英语
Let’s look at one more sentence.
我们再看一个句子
All of these words are in our 100 Most common words list.
所有这些词都来自于100个常用单词
Stressing fully pronouncing each word
完全重读每个单词的完整发音
sounds like this: I am going to get my first one.
听起来是这样的:I am going to get my first one.
I am going to get my first one.
Uh-uh-uh.
Up-down shape of stress.
轻重起伏
Other than the stress, everything else is perfect English:
除了重音 其他都是标准的
all the sounds are right, everything is linked together.
所有的发音都正确 都是紧密相连的
I am going to get my first one.
I am going to get my first one.
I am going to get my first one.
It’s hard to do that.
这很难做到
It’s hard to make everything stressed.
将每个单词都重读很难做到
It sounds completely unnatural
这样发音听起来不自然
even though placement is right, linking, the sounds.
即使布局 关联 发音都正确
It sounds completely unnatural because of the stress.
重读使句子听起来完全不自然
We have to have unstressed or reduced words for rhythmic contrast.
我们必须通过轻读或略读单词来形成节奏上对比
We have to have rhythmic contrast for natural, native English.
自然纯正的英语需要有节奏变化
So in this series, we studied the real pronunciation,
所以在这个系列里 我们学习实际发音
not the book pronunciation, not the full pronunciation.
而不是书本上的完整发音
But the pronunciations actually used in sentences, in conversation.
而是实际上我们在句子 对话中用到的发音
Let’s draw some conclusions together.
让我们一起总结一下
We have two kinds of words in English:
英语中有两种单词
content words, which are nouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs,
一是实词 即名词 动词 形容词和副词
and function words, which are all the other kinds of words.
二是虚词 即所有除实词外的其他类型单词
Content words are generally stressed, and function words are generally unstressed.
实词一般要重读 而虚词一般不重读
Some of these words also reduce, meaning,
一些虚词还需要略读 意思就是
we change or drop a sound.
我们改变或放弃一个音
And what makes American English sound good and nature
想要美式英语听起来地道并且自然
is not fully pronounce each word
方法就是不让每个单词都完整发音
it’s speaking with contrast between stressed,
而是在重读时 完整发音
fully pronounced words, and unstressed, less clear words.
和轻读 模糊发音之间形成对比
Don’t be afraid of the less clear words.
不要害怕含糊不清的单词
The more you know about what they are and how they sound,
你越了解它们 知道如何发音
the better your listening comprehension will be,
你的听力就会越好
and the more natural you’ll sound when speaking English.
你的英语口语听起来就会越自然
When we began the list at 1,
我们开始清单上的第一个单词
the most common word in American English, which is THE,
美式英语中最常见的单词是THE
it took us until number 28 to find the first
直到第28个 我们才找到第一个
word that is a real content word that will not reduce,
真正的实词 它不会略读
that will not be contracted, that will not sometimes be unstressed.
不会被压缩 也不会偶尔轻读
So that means the 27 words that came before it,
这就意味着排在它前面的27个单词
the 27 most common words in American English,
这27个最常用的美式英语单词
are either unstressed or reduced at least some of the time.
至少有些时候会被轻读或略读
The conclusion here is, you can’t just ignore this.
这就是结论 你不能忽略它
Basically, you can almost not speak a single sentence
一般来说 你几乎不可能单独说一句话
without using words that are unstressed or reduced.
里面是没有轻读或略读单词的
We use them all the time.
我们一直使用它们
Unless you’re just going to use single words,
除非你只是使用一个单词
and never speak in sentences, you should know about this.
而且从不在句子里读 否则你应该知道这个规律
The next conclusion is that,
另一个结论就是
as we studied, we found that the words generally reduce one, maybe two ways.
我们在研究中发现 单词常以一种或着两种方式略读
So you can learn this.
你可以学习这个规律
It’s not a mystery how to
这并不神秘
understand how we reduce words and how to practice them.
去理解我们略读单词以及练习略读单词
I have two playlists
我有两个播放列表
that I’ll link to at the end of this video,
它们的链接放在视频最后
one is a playlist of videos that goes over specific words that reduce,
一个是视频播放列表 它会介绍一些需要略读的特殊单词
like AND becoming ‘ n ’,
比如AND的发音变成n
and also a link to a playlist of my Ben Franklin videos.
还有一个链接是我的本·富兰克林视频的播放列表
In these videos, we study conversation
在这些视频中 我们研究对话
and find all of the function words that reduce,
并发现了略读单词的全部作用
and how Americans use them to link words together.
以及美国人如何使用它们来连接单词
Those are great exercises.
这些是非常好的练习
Now, here’s a part where
现在 在这里
I do want to make a quick plug for my Academy.
我确实想为我的学院做一个简单的插播广告
You may or may not know,
你们知道吗?
I have an online school, Rachel’s English Academy,
我有一个在线学校 叫《瑞秋英语学院》
with a collection of online courses that contain lots of videos,
里面有很多在线视频课程
but even more importantly, lots of audio files.
更重要的是 还有很多音频文件
I’ve found that when you watch a video, you learn something.
我发现 当你观看视频时会有所收获
But when you train with audio, repetitiously,
但是当你用音频重复训练时
you learn it with your body, you bring it into your habit,
你用身体学习 使它成为习惯
and you make it something you can use.
你的身体逐渐适应并运用自如
So with all the videos you’ll see on a specific reduction,
有了这些视频 你可以看到详细的略读讲解
I have audio files that help you train
而音频文件可以帮助你
that word, over and over,
周而复始地练习单词
in lots of common word combinations and sentences.
在很多常见的词组和句子中
I really encourage people to learn with the body,
我真心希望大家用身体学习
not just the mind when it comes to speaking,
而不是在需要表达时仅仅在脑子里默念
because we have to make these habits to improve.
因为我们必须改善这些习惯
If you’re interested in checking out the Academy,
如果你对报名学院感兴趣
there is a 30-day money-back guarantee,
我们有30天的返款保证
you can see more by clicking here or in the description below.
你可以点击这里或者查看下面的详细信息
Another thing that surprised me
另一件让我吃惊的事情是
as we studied the 100 most common words
在我们研究100个常用单词时
together was that there were quite a few
有相当多实义词
content words where we did reduce or change something.
被我们略读或改变读音
Normally I would have said we never do that with a stressed word,
通常我会说 我们不会这样处理一个重读单词
but that wasn’t right.
但实际上不是这样
For example, in ‘just’, ‘first’, and ‘most’,
比如说 对于just first和most
we can drop the T if the word is followed
我们可以不发T的音
by another word that begins with a consonant.
如果下一个单词以辅音开头
Just think about it.
Just think.
This is really common.
这是很常见的
We drop the T between two other consonants.
我们略读两个辅音之间的T
Also there are some stressed words that combine
也有一些
in very familiar combinations and reduce,
在常见词组中重读单词被略读
like the verb ‘ going to‘ ‘gon na ’,
像动词going to读成gon na
the word want in ‘ wan na ’, the
单词want a读成wan na
word ‘give’ in ‘gim me’ .
单词give me读成gim me
Can you ‘gimme’ a second?
These are not reductions that I would write, but in spoken English,
这些不是我要写的缩写 而是英语口语中的略读
they’re really common, and yes,
它们真的很常见
they’re even good English.
甚至都是很标准的英语
An effective way to practice your English is
有一个练习英语的有效方法 就是
to take the text from a video,
从视频中提取文本
like a TED talk or your favorite TV show.
比如TED演讲或你最喜欢的电视节目
But make sure you have the transcript, preferably printed out.
但一定要抄下来 最好是打印出来
I know that’s very old-school.
我知道这太老派了
As you listen to a phrase,
当你听一句短语时
circle the words that pop out, that have that up-down shape,
圈出那些音调起伏的单词
that are the most stressed.
这些单词发音最重
You might have to listen to the same phrase more that once.
你可能需要再听一遍同样的短语
But as you focus on this,
但是当你注意到这个问题的时候
your ear will become more tuned to the stress.
你听的时候就会更加关注这些重读单词
Study the phrases.
学习这些短语
You’re looking at, not only the words you circled,
你看到的不仅仅是你圈出的单词
but the words you didn’t circle,
还有你没有圈出的单词
these are the unstressed or reduced words.
这些是轻读或略读的单词
Most of my students need to practice making
我的大部分学生需要练习
unstressed or reduced words more quickly and simply.
把轻读和略读单词变得更加快速和简洁
The contrast of long and short doesn’t feel natural to them.
时间长短的对比对他们而言不是自然发生的
So as you study native speakers, pay attention to these unstressed words.
所以研究母语英语者表达时 要注意这些轻读的单词
Pay attention to the reductions.
注意略读的部分
It’s not a bad idea to watch this series again.
我建议大家再看一遍这个系列片
You’re getting a lot of bang for your buck
这笔钱一定花得物有所值
because you’re not studying random words here,
因为这时 你不是在随意地学习单词
you’re studying the 100 most common words.
而是在学习100个最常用的单词
The ones you’re most likely to use over and over in conversation.
这些最可能在对话中反复用到的单词
In this series, you have the chance to study the shape of stress,
在这个系列里 你有机会学习重读的方法
the up-down melody of the voice,
语调的上下起伏
and also the contrast with the flat, lower pitch,
还有与平低音的对比
simply and quickly said unstressed or reduced words.
简单快速地读出轻读略读单词
Make up additional sentences.
造一些额外的例句
Practice them out loud.
大声练习它们
If you feel really comfortable in all 100 of these words,
如果你读这100个词感觉很流畅
that could make a real difference in your overall speaking.
那你的口语将会整体有很大提升
Earlier in this video I promised you links to a few playlists.
在本视频中间 我承诺提供一些播放列表的链接
Here they are.
这里提供给大家
First,a playlist that goes over all the words that reduce.
首先 是一个包含了所有略读的单词播放列表
I have a video for the ‘ to’reduction,
有一个视频是关于to的略读
‘ then ’, ‘ for ’, and several more.
还有then for以及其他几个单词的略读
I’m also linking here to the collection of Ben Franklin exercises.
还有本· 富兰克林练习的链接
That’s when I take a bit
就是我找了一些
of conversation and study everything about it,
话题来研究关于它的一切
so we can pick out the
因此 我们可以找出
reductions together and figure out how Americans use them
略读的单词 并研究美国人如何使用它们
so you in improve your listening comprehension and pronunciation.
这样你可以提高你的听力理解和发音
I’ll also throw in a third playlist,
我还会提供第三个播放列表
that’s going to be one focusing on real life English.
这个列表中的视频聚焦现实生活中使用的英语
In those videos, we often study reductions, as well as idioms,
在这些视频中 我们经常研究略读 还有习语
interesting vocabulary words, and so on.
以及有趣的词汇等等
Enjoy these playlists.
充分利用这些播放列表吧
That’s it and thanks so much for using Rachel’s English.
这节课到这里就结束了 感谢大家学习《瑞秋英语》

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视频概述

本视频针对美式英语中最常用的100个单词讲解了一些英文中的简读、略读现象,并提供了一些学习发音的方法,对提高口语和听力很有帮助。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

windflowerhtt

审核员

审核员XY

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aIZdTPwWL5I

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