So, I figured a good way
to end the course is with a caricature
finally, of Stan the Man himself
Stan’s likeness is a little tricky.
It could go many different ways.
Even with his heavy eyebrows and manly stubble,
he still has kind of a baby face.
So to help me out,
I decided to use the Spirit Animal technique from Lesson 12
to come up with the exaggeration.
After some thought, I’ve determined that Stan’s Spirit Animal is
Now I know what you’re thinking,
it’s just because he’s Ukrainian and I’m stereotyping
And that’s not true at all.
Stan is actually a huge fan of beets.
Every time I see him at lunch,
he’s enjoying pickled beets or beets salad
or just a big ole’ bowl of borscht.
His favorite song is Beat It.
他最喜欢的歌是 Beat It
The man is beet-crazy!
If you see him at a convention or out on the street,
feel free to just give him a handful of beets.
He’ll eat them raw.
Of course Stan’s large cranium and thin neck
coincidentally worked really well with the beat shape
So I begin with some thumbnail sketches,
to try and figure out how to make Stan’s face
work on this beet.
I soon realize his features should sit low on his head,
because his forehead and hair
take up more real estate than on the average person.
I think the concept here is a good start.
But the features aren’t executed in a way that’s accurate to him.
So I end this one and try sketching from a different angle.
所以 我放弃了这张素描 尝试从其他角度来绘图
For this second sketch,
I maintain the same basic concept of the inner beet spirit, but
I thicken the beet-neck just a bit at the top.
I also like the idea of really small features set
into a large wide head.
It’s just funnier.
This one is working much better than the first sketch.
Although I’m not a fan of straight-on views.
I prefer more dynamic angles that allow me
to show the three-dimensional quality of a face.
So I move on to a photo with a more interesting angle. Again,
I try to maintain the beetroot proportions
for the head shape and then place the features on top of that.
来确定头部形状 并在那上面 画出人物特征
In this thumbnail sketch,
I’m able to draw a more dynamic angle which I push even further
to give it more visual interest.
And there’s even a slightly sassy expression on his face
that I try to make more obvious in my sketch
Because of the interesting angle and expression,
I feel like this is the one that I can take
to the next stage.
The likeness needs some work,
but that’s what the rough sketch is for.
I begin the rough sketch by tracing directly over the thumbnail.
I use some simple guides to align the features in perspective on the head.
And I slow down a bit to give more attention to each feature.
More time than I allowed in the thumbnail sketch phase anyway.
无论如何 在缩略图绘制阶段 所花费的时间比我允许的多
one of the distinctive traits about stand
that isn’t strictly physical is the darkness round his eyes
His eyes are heavy-lidded,
but also a slightly darker tone than the rest of his face.
So I try to indicate that in my rough sketch.
At this point, it feels pretty good,
but I’m not entirely sold on the likeness yet.
something I’ve learned about likeness
is that it’s usually easier to see with the use of light and dark values
rather than with just lines.
I could continue crosshatch shading to darken the values,
but for the sake of speed, I add
some more shading with a large brush.
It’s pretty rough and simple,
but I think it does add some visual information to define
the likeness which wasn’t there before,
like the volumes of the forehead and cheeks.
When I squint down and blur my eyes, I really see it.
So It’s just enough to confirm that I’m
on the right track even if it’s not perfect yet.
For this next stage in developing this caricature,
flip the rough sketch over to better see any structural problems
and then draw a Reilly Abstraction on top of it.
The rhythm lines of the Abstraction are drawn
from one side of the head to the other to
help check if things are lined up or if they need to be moved.
Some features, like the eyebrows,
are going to be asymmetrical, so I allow for that and
look for unintended distortions and asymmetries.
I discover that the ear I drew on the rough sketch was too low.
But for the most part, everything else was in a good spot.
但是 总体上 别的部分是不错的
Even if all the features are determined to be well-placed,
these geometric rhythm lines
are most helpful because they act as an idealized template of Stan’s head –
sort of a cleanser,
washing away the rough lines of the earlier sketch,
so that I can trace much more nicely
designed shapes and features in the right locations at the next stage.
oh！and besides the ear being too low,
the Abstraction helps me figure out that the head
would look better if the forehead was more bulging in front.
After a quick check, I flip it back around,
dim down the Abstraction and begin my final
linear drawing on new layer, tracing over the Abstraction,
but with much more attention to the exact shapes
of the contours and features and also to the quality of my lines.
This lesson is all
about drawing caricatures with special attention paid to the visual design.
As I’ve said, a good exaggeration and likeness is not enough.
To draw at a professional level,
you need to slow down and spend time creating a refined
look or visual design.
It doesn’t have to be realistic and based on anatomy,
like my work.
You can draw abstractly or simple and cartoony.
But whatever it is,
you need to figure out what you want the finished style to be and
then keep working on this until you’ve achieved that look.
Tracing over the previous drawing is a great way to do that. Now,
the problem with being the judge of your own progress is that while you’re learning,
现在 对于你的绘画水平的评价面临的问题是 当你学习时
your artist’s eye may not be able to see all the flaws
that a more experienced artist may see.
As you continue your studies, your eye will improve,
followed by your hand’s ability to make the right marks.
But during this time is when it’s important to have a teacher,
mentor or at least another artist at a higher level
of development help you and let you know where you can improve.
Eventually though, you’ll be able to look back
on your older work and wonder why you
missed all those drawing problems the first time around.
With my linear lay-in finished, I now add the soft edges.
Wherever a form transitions from a light to dark value,
that transition will be either
a hard, firm, soft or lost edge.
坚硬的 清晰的 或者柔软的 虚化的边缘
Once those transitions are all in,
I finally start to add the values, which is the final
stage of this drawing.
I always seem to have the most success
in a drawing or painting when I work on a middle grey background.
In the premium version of this course,
I demonstrate shading drawings with different strategies.
On my David Bowie caricature,
I shade on a white background, which shows how it negatively
affects my perception of the values on the face.
Working on a white background prevents me
from shading as darkly as I should because
the bright white fools my eyes
into thinking a value I use on the face is darker than what it really is.
A light-middle grey, as I’ve used here,
sets me up right in the range of what Stan’s caucasian flesh tone already is.
So even before I begin, I’m in the right value range.
Most of the time in a realistically shaded portrait
like this is spent working in the
middle range of values.
Or the halftones.
The dark accents and bright highlights are fun
and give the drawing more visual punch.
But they wouldn’t work
if the the middle values aren’t properly figured out and correctly placed first.
The meat of the portrait is in the halftones.
They are what’s going to sell it to the viewer.
And the halftones are usually all within a very narrow range
on the value scale.
So there’s not much room for error.
If you shade the halftones with too much contrast,
the subject will look shiny or metallic.
If you don’t have enough contrast,
the portrait will look dull and flat.
And if you don’t shade and cover the shapes evenly,
you may get spotty or streaky effects
where bits of light or dark peek through your strokes.
So make sure you’re using the right tool for the job.
Most of the Photoshop brushes I’m using
to shade here are very subtle brushes already.
One stroke from them doesn’t cover much
because they have heavy textures applied to them.
I have to keep on adding stroke on top
of stroke to lay down a value.
It’s similar to using very light pressure with a hard charcoal or graphite on a rough paper.
这类似于在粗糙的纸上 用质地坚硬的木炭或石墨 排线条
In fact, I think my main brush
here is called “ Shady Graphite ” by Kyle Webster.
用Kyle Webster的话说 应该叫 阴暗石墨
It comes standard with the latest version of Photoshop.
But you can find or even create similar brushes in other painting apps. Also,
it probably goes without saying,
but when shading a drawing or painting, use the
largest brush for an area that you can.
You want to be able to cover broad areas with less brush strokes.
But to get hard edges or for textures
like the hair and stubble you’ll need a smaller brush.
But those should be used sparingly,
lest you end up with a streaky and sketchy rendering.
Most of your time
in a drawing like this will be spent using large brushes.
Some final bits of advice to create professional quality caricatures with a strong sense of design are:
最后 要创作有强烈设计感的专业水平的漫画 我有一些建议
First and foremost,
keep working on it until you can’t make it any better.
Push yourself to draw and paint like the people you admire.
If you get to the end and aren’t sure if it’s a success,
get up, walk away and come back
起身 出去走走 然后再回来
to look at it with fresh eyes.
Or flip it in reverse one more time to examine it backwards.
If there are any structural problems, they’ll be much more obvious.
If you can correct those problems, then do so.
If there are just too many problems to fix,
you may need to go back a few steps and start
again from your rough sketch or Abstraction.
Thanks everybody for watching and a big thank you to Stan
for allowing me to be a part
of the Proko family.
Hey guys, there are several more in depth demonstrations for this lesson.
To get access to extended versions of the main lessons,
and all of the extra fully-narrated caricature demonstrations,
I’ve determined that Stan’s Spirit Animal is
So, I figured a good way