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建一所篱笆小屋

Primitive Technology: Wattle and Daub Hut

建筑选址
Building site
用石英石
Shaping a piece
捶打整形将一片玄武岩敲成手斧
of basalt with a quartz hammer stone to form a hand axe
使用手斧砍树
Chopping wood with stone hand axe
砍到周围的树木
Cut around the base and break
让基地变得整洁
the tree down for a clean cut
修剪木材长度 用桩木在地上敲出一个洞
Cut to length Hammer stake in to form a post hole
将桩木拔出
Remove stake and put post in
将木材插入藤条 用藤条将木材捆绑结实
A vine Lashing wood together with vine
将木棍捆在一起做成人字形斜梁(屋顶结构)
Lashing rafters together Rafters in place
将斜梁搭好使用“土豆藤” 落下的枯树叶充当瓦片 棕色的叶子比较有韧性 绿色的太脆而且会萎蔫
“Potato vine” leaves. Use fallen dead leaves, green ones are weaker and shrivel
将树叶穿在树枝上
Skewer leaves onto sticks
把穿好树叶的树枝放到斜梁上 并用藤条固定结实
Put sticks onto frame and tie with vine
最后将屋梁放上 搭建围墙架
Final ridge cap in place Tying wall frame
竖起木架先做一张简易床
on Uprights for frame A simple bed
将木材劈开 把劈开的木材编排在墙架上 现在先钻木取火
Splitting sapling Weaving saplings into frame Making fire
从溪边挖些粘土来
with firesticks Mining clay from the creek bank Clay,
将粘土、水(在一旁蘑菇状的碗里)和 弄成纤维状的叶子
water (in a cup shaped mushroom) and crushed fibrous leaves
混合进粘土中增大延展性
Mixing fiber with clay gives it tensile strength to prevent it
以防干燥和烧制过程中发生龟裂
from cracking as it dries and during firing
铺一片叶子在下面
A leaf is put down to
以防粘土黏在石头上
stop the clay sticking to the stone
将粘土塑成盘子状
The clay is formed into a dish Coils
在盘子边缘添加上粘土条
of clay are added to build up the sides
将粘土条和上一层修整平滑
The coils are smoothed onto previous layers
每新加一层之前都要先等之前的略微干燥一下
Each layer should be left to dry slightly before adding new coils so
防止发生断裂
that the pot stiffens and doesn’t slump
做好了几个盆
Several pots
待盆完全干燥后 挖一个坑烧制
When the pot is completely dry a fire pit is dug to fire it.
坑至少是盆宽的2倍
The pit is at least twice the width of the pot
在盆的周围塞满树叶和树枝
The pot is put in and covered with leaves and sticks
在坑周围垒上石头 以防风改变窑内温度
Surrounding with stones to prevent wind changing the temperature sudenly
动物皮干在架子上(右下角)
Animal skin drying on frame (bottom right corner)
清脆的声音表示盆已经很坚固
Good sound indicates strong pot
在小屋四周挖出沟槽 从附近的小溪中取水 把水混入泥土糊在墙架上
Digging a trench around hut Water from nearby creek Mixing mud to coat walls
将里边也糊上泥土 在屋内生上一堆火 烤干墙上的泥巴 外边下起雨来 屋里很干燥 再去采集些树皮
Collecting paper bark.
这样做不会杀死千层树
Although this does not kill the Paperbark tree
但会杀死其他大多种类的树木
but it will kill most other tree species
站上一个由一根捆在树上
A crossbar lashed to the tree
的横木搭成的台架
forms a platform to stand on
将树皮铺在屋顶盖住叶子(在放上树叶的2个月后)
Placing bark on the roof to cover the rotting leaves (this is a couple of months after putting the leaves in place)
在墙上掏出一个壁炉
Digging a hole in the wall for a nice fireplace
用石头做基底
Stone foundation Beginnings
壁炉的根基 用火烘干砌起的泥土
of firplace Fire dries the mud out as it is built
将壁炉与炉口链接
Bridging over fireplace entrance
用木条弄成篱笆状 糊泥来完成屋顶下方的墙壁
Wattle and daub for the back roof gable
大功告成 完成后的房子很小但
The finished hut is a small but comfortable size

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nCKkHqlx9dE

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