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铺瓦的屋子 – 译学馆
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铺瓦的屋子

Primitive Technology: Tiled Roof Hut

制作石斧
Making stone axe
取木建屋
Cutting timber for hut
挖掘柱坑
Digging post holes
[击打声]
[thump]
梁柱开榫
Carving mortices in roof beams
碳火硬化榫眼(提高榫眼强度)
Fire hardening mortices with coals (strengthens mortices)
把梁柱榫眼套到柱上 敲到合适位置
Fitting mortices of beams on to posts Hammering beams in place
罗亚藤(一种蔓生植物)
Loya cane (a type of creeper)
装椽
Putting on rafters
固定架构
Lashing to frame
粘土造窑炉
Making a kiln grate from clay
开洞以使火焰通过
Making holes to let the flames through
挖沟建窑膛
Digging a trench for the kiln firebox
上盖石块
Stone lintel for the firebox entry
混合泥浆建窑墙(只要挖出泥土和水)
Mixing mud for kiln walls (just excavated dirt and water)
把格栅安装到位 建窑墙
Putting grate in place Building kiln wall
窑吸入了强烈气流
Kiln draw a strong draft
从屋旁的河岸挖粘土
Digging clay from the creek bank next to hut
把干泥块压成黏土
Crushing dry lumps in clay
将旧陶器压碎 加入新黏土(加固)
Crushing up old pottery to add to new clay (strengthens it)
混合好黏土
Mixing clay
把罗亚藤劈开 沿切槽折叠
Loya cane Splitting Cutting notches Folding along notches
用藤纤维捆绑
Tying with cane fiber
完成瓦片框架
Completed tile frame
在石头上撒上木灰(防止粘泥)
Sprinkle wood ash on stone (prevents clay sticking)
黏土压入瓦片框架
Clay into tile frame
压出瓦片垂片
Forming tile tab
挪开瓦片进行干燥
Tiles left to dry
从框架中移除瓦片
Tile removed from frame
把瓦片存放木棚里避雨
Tiles stored in wood shed out of rain
在窑中放入20块瓦片
Tiles stacked into kiln 20 tiles Cover
盖上破瓦片 开始烧 当瓦片烧红时就好了
with broken tiles Firing begins When the tiles glow red hot they’re ready
第二天
The next day
把瓷砖放在适当的位置(它们只是靠垂片挂住 而不用挂钩)
Putting tiles in place (they just sit on using their tabs, no pegs necessary)
瓦片垂片挂在椽子上
Tile tabs hooked over purlins
把支撑部位交叠
Cross bracing
向火炉中添加格栅条(增加产热数倍)
Adding grate bars to the firebox (increases heat production several times)
钻木取火
Starting fire with handrill
制作弯曲的脊瓦(把普通的没有垂片的瓦片折叠放在一根原木上)
Making curved cap tiles (normal tiles without tabs folded over a log)
把脊瓦放向一边
A tile goes on one side
瓦片另一面放向另一边
Then another from the other side
覆盖住瓦片要放到位
covers the tile just put in place Finally,
最后用脊瓦覆盖住瓦片之间的垂直间隙
the cap tile covers the vertical gap between tiles
墙用石头做地基(防止上升的湿气)
Stone footing for wall (prevents rising damp)
挖掘地下采暖系统
Digging underfloor heating system
用平石覆盖 泥土密封
Covering with flat stones Sealing with mud
在前面点火 让火在石头窜起来
Fire at the front moves under stones
在后面加上烟囱来加强气流
Chimney added at back to enhance draft
加热平台很温暖 成了一个舒服的床
Heated platform is warm and makes a good bed
建造泥墙
Building mud wall
挖土取泥
Digging soil for mud
使用石块可省泥
Stones added to wall to save on mud
瓦片遮烟囱可防雨
Chimney protected from rain by tiles
木质过梁制作门顶
Wooden lintel forms top of door way
劈材做门
Split timber door
门轴凿洞
Hole for door hinge
把门安放到位
Putting door in place
泥制门阶
Doorstep of mud
做好山形墙
Finishing gables
完成小屋
Completed hut
树脂
Tree resin
树脂可以用来做火把
Resin used as torch
把树脂放瓦片里当灯用
Resin on tile as a lamp

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视频概述

体验野外生存,发挥人类原始的生存技术,伐木、挖泥、造窑、烧瓦,打造一间有瓦有炕的石器时代“豪宅”。

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审核员 LD

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P73REgj-3UE

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