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搭一间茅草屋 – 译学馆
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搭一间茅草屋

Primitive Technology: Thatched Dome Hut

在山上空地造一座圆顶草屋
Building a thatched dome hut in a clearing on a mountain
清理出一片空地
Clearing a space Making a stone hand axe
造一把石头手斧
cutting saplings Marking a 2.5m diameter circle
用8根桩子标出一个直径2.5米的圆
with 8 stakes around the edge
桩子洞深约25厘米
Stakeholes are about 0.25m deep
小树干长约2.75米
Saplings are about 2.75m long
捆扎用的藤条
Vine for lashing
框架完成 用石头片割取棕树叶
Frame completed Cutting palm fronds with a stone flake
这一捆是100片叶子 共需要6-7捆
A bundle of 100 fronds six to seven bundles were needed
把棕叶撕开
Splitting palm fronds
把占盖绑在框架上
Tying thatch to the frame
雨林的叶片都有滴水尖 能防止雨水在叶片上停留过久滋生藻类
Rainforest leaves have drip tips so water won’t stay
这意味着
on their leaves long enough for algae to grow.
它们很适合做毡盖
This means they also make good thatch.
这种类型的毡盖能维持两年左右
This type of thatch last for about 2 years
做一个顶盖
Making a roof cap
挖一圈排水沟
Digging a moat
种甘薯
Planting sweet potatoes
茅屋上留下来的雨水就能灌溉菜园
Rain coming off the hut will water the garden
芋头茅屋完工了
Taro Hut completed
这种茅屋易于建造 只需很少的工具
This hut was easy to build with minimal tools, materials and effort.
材料和力气 尖头圆顶 宽2.5米 高2米
The pointed dome is 2.5m wide and 2m tall.
这种形状能遮雨 排烟良好 又能保持热量
The shape sheds rain and funnels smoke well while retaining
空间够大 能容纳床 火塘
heat providing a large inner volume to house a bed,
柴火和工具
a hearth, fire wood and tools.

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Uwtu_DARM9I

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