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原始工艺:如何获得可食用淀粉 – 译学馆
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原始工艺:如何获得可食用淀粉

Primitive Technology: Polynesian Arrowroot Flour

波利尼西亚竹芋植物
Polynesian arrowroot plant.
它外观独特 有点像马铃薯植物
It has a distinctive appearance, sort of like the potato plant.
这些特别的花也同样值得注意
Also note the distinctive flowers
回小屋做个篮子
Back at the hut making a basket
在炉子里用火烧硬一根挖掘棒
Fire hardening a digging stick in the furnace
刮掉烧焦的木头来形成一个锋利的尖端
Scrapping off the charred wood to form a sharp point
小屋附近的山上大量生长着这种植物
This plant is abundant in the hills near the hut,
是五千年前由波利尼西亚的海员带来的
brought here by Polynesian seafarers 5000 years ago.
锤入木棍有时比挖掘更容易
Hammering in the stick is sometimes easier than digging
小心地撬起块茎
Carefully levering up the tuber
块茎植物与块茎
The tuber Plant and tuber
收获块茎时要保持植株完整
Leaving the plant intact while harvesting tuber
用土填满这个洞
filling in hole
让这株植物明年再结新的块茎
Leave the plant to make another tuber next year
在不损坏块茎的情况下挖出它们大概需要三分钟
Each tuber took about 3 minutes to dig up without damaging them
整篮的块茎味道都很苦 需要加工
Full basket Tuber tastes bitter and needs processing
将块茎洗净
Washing tubers Clean tubers
用瓦片磨碎块茎(任何粗糙物体都可以 块茎很软)
Grating tubers on roof tile (any rough object will do, the tubers are soft)
用桶形的瓦片会容易一些
Using a barrel roof tile is easier
将磨碎后的块茎铲入水罐
Scooping gratings into pot of water
淀粉从块茎糊中分离出来 悬浮在水中
The starch is separated from the pulp and suspended in water
混合而成的糊状物
Resultant mash
把含淀粉的水舀入另一个罐子
Scooping the starchy water into another pot
把块茎糊留在罐子里
while leaving the pulp behind
再用水装满这个有块茎糊的罐子
Refilling the pot with the mash with water
继续将含淀粉的水舀入其他罐子
Scooping more starch water into the other pot
淀粉沉淀几个小时后
After the starch settles (a few hours)
倒出清水 淀粉留在底部
the clear water is poured off while the starch remains at the bottom
再用水填满
Mash pot refilled
继续将淀粉水舀到另一个罐子
More starch water transferred
再澄清 倒掉上层清液
More decanting
右侧为残留的糊糊 左边是纯净的淀粉
Mash on the right of screen, pure starch on the left
淀粉尝起来还是苦的
Starch still tastes bitter
用水冲洗淀粉
Rinsing starch with water
澄清后 将上层清液倒出
Pouring off bitter compounds in the starch
装满水 沉淀后再将水倒掉
This was done several times,
重复几次
filling with water, settling and pouring off.
现在尝起来味道不错了
Tastes good now.
在瓦片上晾晒淀粉
Putting on tile to dry
在火炉上烘干
Force drying over furnace
干淀粉与玉米粉相似
Dry starch, similar to corn flour
其中一些在高温下煮熟了 形成凝胶状的团块
Some of it cooked in the heat, forming gelatinous masses
熟淀粉很有嚼劲 吃起来像米粉
The cooked starch is chewy and tastes like rice noodles
将淀粉放入瓦罐中储存
Storing flour in a pot
在瓦片上做薄饼
Making a pancake on a tile
用树皮做的铲子翻动薄饼
flipping cake with a bark spatula
胶状的薄饼透明且有粘性
Cake is clear, gelatinous and sticky
味道和质地都与米粉类似
It tastes like a rice noodle and has a similar texture.
它有淀粉的味道 给人提供能量
It has a starchy taste and gives energy,
也能立即改善心情
improving mood almost immediately
以面条的形式烘干淀粉 储存以备日后食用
It could probably be dried in noodle form to be stored
也可以用来勾芡
for future meals or the starch used to thicken soups.
处理加工剩余的浆状物
Processing the rest of the left over mash
波利尼西亚竹芋 块茎和淀粉
Polynesian arrowroot plant, tuber and starch
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通过波利尼西亚竹芋自制淀粉的过程,淀粉可用于煎薄饼和储存食用

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