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原始生存技能:炼铁术

Primitive Technology: Iron prills

先来组装一台鼓风机
Assembling blower
用树皮纤维绳
A bark fiber string is simply
以往复方式驱动叶轮
used to drive the impeller in a reciprocating manner
摆好鼓风机风口的位置
Tuyere is put in place
挖25厘米宽 25厘米深的坑
25 cm wide, 25 cm deep pit is dug
里面糊上泥巴
Lined with mud
把干草和泥巴混到一起
Mud and grass
在地面上堆起25厘米的高度
Building a stack to a height of 25 cm above ground
在里面烧火 帮助炉体干燥
Fire to help dry it
在建好的炉子里堆放桉木
Finished furnace stacking charcoal mound
准备烤成木炭
with Eucalyptus wood
用泥巴密封顶部
Sealing top with mud
在顶部点火
Lighting mound
火烧起来后 会落到炉膛里正对着的木堆上
Fire burns back down into the mound against the draft
水汽会挥发掉 炉膛里的木材就会变成炭
Volatiles exit the top while the wood converts to charcoal
当火到达通风口
When fire reaches the air entries,
用泥巴把炉子封起来 防止刚制成的炭被烧掉
it’s time to seal them with mud to prevent the newly made charcoal from burning
2.5小时后把顶部封起来
After a 2 hours and 30 minutes the top is sealed
炉子放置过夜 让它冷却
and the mound left to cool overnight
第二天打开封顶
The next day the mound is
拿出里面的木炭
opened and the charcoal is collected
把没有完全变成炭的木头捡出来
Partially burnt timber is tossed aside
下次再用
to be reused in the mound next time
把干掉的泥巴放到坑里
Dry mud is returned to the
留着下次继续使用
pit to be used next time
把可用的木炭装到篮子里
Useable charcoal is put into the basket
在储存炭的地方盖个小棚 这样它就不会受天气影响
Charcoal is stored in the smelters hut out of the weather
地表河水的铁元素含量只是正常水平
Ordinary creek on land with normal iron levels
不过遍布世界各处的铁细菌从地下水中富集铁元素
Ordinary iron bacteria (found on all continents) concentrate iron from the water table
我们收集铁细菌
Collecting iron bacteria
存在罐子里
Add to storage pot
把一些木炭磨成粉
Crushing some charcoal to powder
以1:1的比例混合木炭粉和铁细菌
1:1 ratio by volume of ore to charcoal
用水混在一起
Mix with water
做成直径2.5厘米的小球
Form into 2.5 cm diameter pellets
用炉子烘干
Dry on furnace
用木头预热炉子半小时
Wood preheat for 30 minutes
用木炭填满路子
Fill with charcoal
放进10个小球
Add 10 pellets
给炉子鼓风
Begin blowing furnace
每过7分钟 填进3捧炭
3 hand fulls of charcoal every 7 minutes or so
再填10个小球
10 more pellets
继续鼓风
More blowing
最后一次加木炭和小球
Final charge added
整个过程大概鼓风3小时
Whole process took about 3 hours of blowing
现在是提炼铁的过程
Extraction procedure
捶打炉渣使它变平 让铁露出来
Hammering slag flat to hopefully flatten iron
主要是渣
Mostly slag
但也有不少铁(里面的小球)
But quite a few prills (small spheres) of iron
这次比以往尝试得到了更多的铁
These are larger and more abundant than the yields of previous attempts I’ve made
来看看炉渣表面形成的小铁球
See how the prills form on the surface of the slag.
炉渣流动的时候 里面的固态/液态的铁一定会结合到一处
Microscopic pieces of solid/liquid iron must join together as the molten slag flows.
从炉渣里得到了更多的铁
More prills Separating iron prills from slag
因为开始矿石小球的炭放多了
These prills are mainly cast iron or steel
这些颗粒主要是铸铁或钢
due to the high carbon content of the initial ore pellets.
下次应该少加点炭粉
Less char powder should be added in future
铁屑和炉渣
Iron prills and slag
原始技术
PRIMITIVE TECHNOLOGY

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视频概述

荒岛生存需要自己炼铁,那么矿石木炭……哪些东西是必备的?需要多久才能实现空手制白刃的梦想?

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收集自网络

翻译译者

短尾龙

审核员

审核员_JO

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DyGLE0usN_I

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