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新建茅屋的过程 – 译学馆
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新建茅屋的过程

Primitive Technology: Hut burned down, built new one

I wrote this book if you’re interested
如果你对我写的这本书感兴趣
See link in description.
请看视频描述中的链接
Hut in the wet season
雨季中的茅屋
Hut after burning down
烧毁后的茅屋
I left a fire untended for 15 minutes and it burnt down
我十五分钟没照看火 茅屋就烧起来了
Salvaging possessions from fire (mostly only pottery survived)
从火中抢救财产(幸存的大多只有陶器)
Earlier back in the wet season (before fire, different area)
早在雨季时(即火灾之前 不同的地方)
Clearing land
清理土地
Digging drainage trench around new hut site
在新建茅屋的周围挖排水沟
Now in the dry season, making post holes in the ground
现在是旱季 在地上钻柱坑
inserting posts
把柱子插进柱坑
(1.5 m above ground, 0.5 m below)
(距地面一点五米高 零点五米深)
4 posts in a 3 x 3 m square
用四根柱子围一个3×3平方米的区域
Cutting roof beam
砍几根木材做屋顶梁
Cutting lawyer cane
砍澳洲菖蒲
Lashing on roof beam
用澳洲菖蒲来绑顶梁
Making a tripod ladder
做一个三脚架梯子
4 x 3 m long ridge poles
用四根三米长的脊梁木
Forming a pyramidal roof
搭建一个金字塔型屋顶
It’s a bit less than 3 m tall
屋顶不到3米高
Roof edge
屋檐
Rafters
梁椽
Frame complete
框架完成了
Palm fronds (cut with stone)
用石头切割棕榈叶
Splitting fronds
撕开叶子
Vine for lashing fronds on
用藤蔓绑棕榈叶
Lashing fronds to frame starting at the bottom first
先从框架底部开始把棕榈叶绑到框架上
Overlap rows at the corners to form ridge capping
在拐角处重复叠放以形成脊盖
Utilising ladder when it gets too high to reach
太高够不着的时候可以使用梯子
Getting too close to thatch from inside soon
很快就离框架过近 没法从内部盖茅屋顶
So make a roof cap to go on top
所以还需要做一个屋盖帽放在顶端
Wrap the fronds right around the top
用棕榈叶将屋盖帽包裹好
to prevent rain getting in
以防止雨水渗入
Lift cap using a stick
用一根棍子穿过屋盖帽顶端的环
put through a loop on top of the cap
把屋盖帽挑起来
It’s heavy and
它很重
needs to be lifted by sticking one end into the ground
需要把棍子的一头插入地下才能挑起来
Then put it onto the apex of the roof
然后把它放在茅屋顶端
Take down ladder when happy with roof
做好屋顶 就把梯子放下来
Roof should shed rain well
屋顶的防雨效果应该很好
(until it rots/gets eaten by insects)
(除非它腐烂或被昆虫吃掉)
Here’s a walk through of my current area starting with the yam mounds
步行穿过我所在的区域 从山药丘出发
The burnt hut ruin
烧毁的茅屋废墟
(left to right) A kiln
(从左到右)一个窑
a natural draft furnace made of bricks and a charcoal mound
一个用砖做成的自然通风炉和一个木炭堆
Path to clearing
通往空地的小路
The new hut
新的茅屋
Transferring inventory to new location
将剩余的东西转移到新的茅屋
Harvesting yams
挖山药
The yield is poor because the soil is compacted with little organic material
由于土壤板结 几乎不含有机物质 所以产量很低
Some grew on the vine but not much
有一些山药长在藤蔓上 但不多
Storing in hut
把它们存放在茅屋里
Digging fire pit
挖一个火坑
Making fire with hand drill
用手钻木取火
(yes I’ll be careful this time)
(是的 这次我将会很小心)
this part takes a while,
这部分要花点时间
it consists of catching the tinder on fire
这一过程包括点燃火种
while adding kindling on top
同时在顶部添加易燃物
Ok it’s done
好了 完成了
Dingo (Australian native dog) howls
澳洲野狗(澳洲土犬)在嚎叫
Installing forge blower
然后安装锻炉鼓风机
(a larger one with upgraded impeller design old blower
(这是一个更大的带有升级叶轮设计的鼓风机 旧的那个
visible in background)
在背景里可以看到)
Yam from before Wrapping it in mud
用泥土包裹之前的山药
Put in fire 30 minutes in the coals
把它放入煤堆里烤30分钟
Mud breaks off when taking it out
取山药时泥就碎掉了
Yam is well cooked (slightly over cooked,
山药烤熟了 (稍微有点烤焦了
will try only 20 minutes next time)
下次试试用二十分钟)
Wash hands before eating
吃之前要洗手
Tastes like a potato, but more starchy.
尝起来像土豆 但淀粉含量更高
Lots of energy.
能量很足
Hut in the rain
雨中的茅屋
Sheds rain well
防雨效果很好
Now back to normal projects once again
现在可以安心回到其他日常工作中了

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视频概述

一个外国小哥重新建一个茅屋的过程

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YmFTK-rnzfk

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