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绳钻和泵钻

Primitive Technology: Cord drill and Pump drill

使用火棍来生火
Using the fire sticks to make fires,
这种方法会让你手上起水泡
this method can gives you blisters.
一个圆滑的石头
A round stone.
用石锥在上面钻一个洞
Drilling a hole in it with a stone awl.
啄一个洞
Pecking a hole,
在另一面也用石锥啄洞
with the stone awl pecking hole from other side.
洞现在凿好了
Hole gouged right through.
添加一些石英砂有利于钻孔
Quartz sand added to help drilling process.
打眼用的棍(莫利斯草)
Spindle stick (Abroma mollis).
把细棍戳进石头孔里
Fitting stone over the spindle.
纤维树皮
Fibrous tree bark.
把树皮里面的部分和外面的部分分离
Separating the inner bark frome outer bark,
把内部的树皮撕成更薄的细条
splitting the inner bark into thinner strips.
单独的绳朝顺时针方向拧 但是成双的绳子朝逆时针方向拧
Twist the individual strands clockwise, but twist them together anti clockwise.
这样可以防止绳索松散
This prevents the cord from unravelling.
刻一个凹口在棍上
Carving a notch in the stick.
把树干绳系在凹口上
Tying the cord onto the notch with a strip of bark.
当绳子被向外拉的时候 这个轴也就旋转了
As the strings are pulled out wards, the spindle spins.
当绳子完全散开时
When the strings are completely unraveled,
石头的动量把它裹回棍子上
the stone momentum wraps them back around the stick
并且这个过程可以在两个相反的方向重复进行
and the process is repeated in the opposite direction.
一个火种就做成了
A coal has been produced.
取小溪边的粘土
Clay from creek bank.
从粘土中挑出岩石和木棍
Picking out rocks and sticks from the clay.
从熄灭的火堆中取出灰烬
Ash from the fire.
将灰烬放在石头上
Putting ash on stone
防止粘土粘在石头上
to prevent clay from sticking forming clay disc.
6个圆盘都钻个孔
Putting a hole in 6 discs.
用火烘干
Drying by the fire.
烧制圆盘
Firing the discs.
扇动火焰 使火炽热
Fanning the flames. Glowing red hot.
剃刮掉树皮
Shaving bark off stick.
然后把木棒旋转进圆盘的孔里
Fitting disk onto shaft.
木棒上刻上凹口
Carving notch onto shaft.
把石头钻个小孔
Making stone drill bit.
劈开木棒
Splitting shaft.
将钻头插入木棒
Lashing bit into shaft .
把圆盘装配到木棒上
Fitting disc onto shaft.
再把绳子捆在凹口上
Tying cord to notch.
在木头上钻个洞
Drilling hole in wood.
一种较薄的钻头
A thinner drill bit.
木头上刻的孔
Hole carved through wood.
在木棍上安装横杆
Fitting crossbar over shaft.
将横杆的两端绑在钻头上
Tying the ends of the crossbar onto the drill.
然后使用短木棒上下运动拉动绳子以代替用手拖动绳子拉动(避免手上起水泡)
Now the bar is used in a pumping motion to pull the strings outward instead of using the hands (avoids blisters from holding cords).
泵钻和绳钻
Pump drill and cord drill.

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野外求生技能 简易生火 省时省力

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZEl-Y1NvBVI

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