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日本旅游准备

Preparing to Travel to Japan

你想去日本!或者你未来想去
So! You’re going to Japan! Or maybe you just want to go in the future.
无论如何祝你好运,但来之前你需要做大量的准备…
Either way good luck but before you leave there are a lot of preparations to make…
这就是本期视频的内容
…and that’s where this video comes in.
我要说的是打电话给你的信用卡公司,让人查看你的邮箱
I’m gonna talk about calling your credit card company, having someone check your mail,
你的车和车险,授权委托书,拜访你的医生和Yakkan Shoumei
your car and car insurance, power of attorney, visiting your doctor and Yakkan Shoumei.
离开之前要做的第一件事是打电话给你的信用卡公司
The first thing you wanna do before you leave is call your credit card company
让他们在你卡上设一个警报,因此他们知道你会在国外用信用卡
and have them put an alert on your card so they know you’ll be using while you’re abroad.
你可能只能把通知放在那几个月
You might only be able to put a notice on there for a couple months,
所以必须一直提醒他们你还在国外
so you’re gonna have to keep reminding them that you’re still abroad.
为了做这个,你不需要从国际电话号码打付费电话给他们
To do this you can either call them collect from an international phone number,
如果他们接付费电话,你可以让你信任的人就像你的
if they accept collect calls, or you could have someone you trust like your
父母为你打电话从你的国家
parents call for you from your home country.
这种情况下你父母可能需要委托书,那个我之后再讨论
In that situation your parents may need power of attorney, which I’ll go over later.
如果你不通知你的信用卡公司,你会有被察觉欺骗的风险
If you don’t notify your credit card company you run the risk of them detecting
他们会冻结你的账户,这意味着你不能再使用它
fraud and freezing your account, which means you won’t be able to use it at all.
如果这种情况发生了,他们也不会试着给你打电话或发你一个缓慢的邮件
If this happens they’ll either try to call you or send you a snail mail letter,
因为你在日本,你永远也不会知道
and since you’ll be in Japan you’ll never know!
除非你让人查看你的邮箱,这是我下一个要点
Unless you have some checking your mail, which is my next point.
当你在国外时,你永远也不知道你能收到哪种邮件
You never know what kind of mail you’re going to get while you’re gone.
我第一次来日本的时候,我因为陪审员的职务而被选来的
The first time I came to Japan I was selected for jury duty!
幸运的是我能够收到邮件,因此他们也能填写我的返程
Fortunately I had some going through my mail so they were able to fill out my return
用我的借口和照顾我
slip with my excuse and take care of it for me.
如果他们没有,我回来后就会头痛一些要处理的事
If they hadn’t I would’ve had a headache to deal with after my return.
如果你有车,把它留给你信任的人会是个好方法
If you have a car it would also be a good idea to leave it with someone you trust so
他们可以时不时地为你开开车
they can run it for you every now and then.
你不必担心回家车不能用
You don’t want to come home to a car that doesn’t work!
你应该考虑联系保险公司改改你的保单
You should also consider contacting your insurance company to change your policy.
你能换到更便宜的东西,本来只能把它
You might be able to switch it to something much cheaper, essentially putting it in
调成待机模式直到你回来,这会帮你省下几百美元。
a standby mode until you return, which could save you hundreds of dollars.
会发生什么呢?当这些东西中任何一种出现差错而你不能
And what happens when something goes wrong with any of these things and you can’t deal
处理因为你不在国内
with it because you’re not in the country?
这就是委托书发挥作用的地方了
That’s where power of attorney comes in!
那么委托书是什么呢?基本要点就是你给某人合法的权利
So what is power of attorney? The basic gist is that you’re giving someone the legal right
代表你为你去做一个财务或医疗的决定
to make financial or medical decisions for you on your behalf.
用无条件的授权委托书
With unlimited power of attorney
这个人基本上可以为你做任何决定,这会提高
this person can essentially make any decision for you, which should be raising
红旗!
a red flag!
它可能是危险的
It can be dangerous!
这就是为什么你永远不会把授权委托书给某个
This is why you never give power of attorney to someone you don’t have an
你还不太信任的人
established history of trust with.
你不会给你的男朋友女朋友
You don’t give it to your boyfriend girlfriend.
你不会给你的未婚夫未婚妻
You don’t give it to your fiance or fiancee.
你不会给你最好的朋友。你也不会给家庭成员
You don’t give it to your best friend. You don’t give it to a family member who
他需要借钱但承诺未来会还给你
needs to borrow some money but promises to pay you back in the future.
你最好的选择就是给你的父母,或收养你的人
Your best bet is giving it to one or both of your parents, or whoever raised you.
如果你没有可以信任的人,那就不要给任何人
If you don’t have someone you can trust don’t give it to anyone at all!
这也就是为什么你想要有限制或非永久的授权书
This is also why you wanna go with limited or non durable power of attorney.
它给别人代表你行动的权利在特定情况下
It gives someone the right to act on your behalf in specific situations
你指定那个特定的时期
for a specific period of time, which you will specify.
对你来说这可能是当你在国外时帮你管理财务
For you this would probably be managing your finances while you’re abroad.
那么给别人授权书有什么好处呢?
So! What are the benefits of giving some power of attorney?
它可以让别人为你支付你的账单
This is going to let someone pay your bills for you,
为你签名和处理你的支票,为你处理你的银行
sign and process your checks for you, deal with your bank for you,
或处理你的保险
or handle your insurance.
给别人授权书时你要上网查有限制的
To give someone power of attorney all you need to do a search online for a limited
或非永久的授权书在你的国家的格式
or non durable power of attorney form for your state,
在你的银行公证人面前填写并签名
fill it out and then sign it in front of a public notary at your bank, along
和你要给授权书的人一起
with the person you’re giving power of attorney to.
还有其他方式做到,这可能是对你来说最简单的方法
There are other ways to do it that this will probably be the easiest for most of you.
现在,你可能不需要授权书。记住你承担着风险
Now, you may not need power of attorney. Keep in mind that you’re taking a risk when
当你给予别人能力时
you grant someone that ability,
在你离开之前是没必要这么做的
and it is in no way necessity before you leave.
如果你有一大堆需要管理的事,当你离开时
If you do have a ton of affairs that need to be managed while you’re gone,
确保你完全信任那个拿到你授权书的人
then make sure you give power of attorney to someone you completely trust.
你已经顾及到了这些事,但还没完
So you’ve taken care of all these things but you’re still not done yet!
你还要去拜访你的医生
You’re also going to want to visit your doctor.
这是个好机会去更新你身上可能过期了的疫苗
This is a good time to get updated on any vaccines you may have missed.
如果你要去日本农村待很长一段时间
And if you’re going to be spending a lot of time in the countryside in Japan
他们可能建议你注射日本脑炎疫苗
they may recommend that you get the Japanese encephalitis vaccine.
日本脑炎是一种相当可恶的由蚊子产生的疾病
Japanese encephalitis is a fairly nasty mosquito born disease
它可能导致发育迟缓、昏迷、耳聋甚至死亡
that could potentially cause retardation, coma, deafness or even death.
因此如果你要去日本乡村待很长一段时间
So if you’re gonna be spending a lot of time in rural Japan,
预约注射这个疫苗
make an appointment and get that vaccine!
根据你的医生,他也可能给你一些处方
Depending on your doctor they may also send you away with some prescriptions
为旅行者,例如一般的抗生素
for travelers, such as general antibiotics.
如果你来日本做学生或老师 你必须登记
If you’re coming to Japan as a student or teacher you will have to enroll in the
在日本国家卫生保健系统
Japanese national health care system.
但至少在第一年这是相当便宜的
But for at least your first year it should be fairly cheap,
只需要支付你卫生保健费的百分之七十
and it pays for 70% of your health care costs,
如果你在这生病了,不要怕看医生
so if you do get sick here don’t be afraid to see a doctor.
至于你带来日本的处方,需要一个文件
For prescriptions that you do bring to Japan you will need a document called
名叫瘦美驿馆
a Yakkan Shoumei.
我来回好几次但只申请了一次,所以你可以选择
I’ve been back and forth several times and I’ve only applied for it once so you can choose
不做,但如果你不,移民局有权利带走
not to, but if you don’t then immigration officers do have the right to take away
你的处方药,即使你需要他们
your prescription drugs, even if you need them.
这是他们的权力,他们也能让你进入
It’s at their discretion so they can let you in with them, too,
但这取决于你想不想冒这个险
but it’s up to you if you want to take that risk.
就我而言他们从不检查我的包在我去日本的途中
Personally they’ve never gone through my bags on my way into Japan,
但这不意味着他们不会检查你的包
but that doesn’t mean they will never go through yours.
获得Yakkan Shoumei是相当冗长乏味的,但这个指示很容易遵循
Getting a Yakkan Shoumei is pretty tedious but the directions are easy to follow.
我发布一个包含这些指示的链接以你需要的形式
I’ve posted a link that includes those directions and the form you need in the
在下面的信息栏
info section down below.
你要做的就是填写信息,在一页里列出你所有的药物
What you’re gonna do is fill out an info, a page listing all your medications,
一页写每个药物的成分细节和用法
and one page for each medication that details all the ingredients and the usages
那些药物的
of those medicines.
你应该能得到所有的信息在信息表里
You should be able to get all the information on the info sheet that comes with
你处方所带的,因此不要扔掉它们
your prescriptions, so don’t throw them away.
但如果你扔掉乐趣,你还可以在谷歌搜索他们
But if you do you should also be able to Google all of it online.
你需要一份带有你医生的签名和你的签名的处方复印件
You also need a copy of the prescription with you doctor’s signature and your name,
一份你的行程或航班机票的复印件
a copy of your itinerary or flight tickets,
和一个返程地址的信封
and a return address envelope.
它就在下方的链接里
The exacts are in the link down below.
你还要给他们日本邮票或国际回应
You also need to send them Japanese postage stamps or an international response
优惠券
coupon.
你能从你当地邮局拿到国际回应优惠券,但是邮局的
You can get an international response coupon at your local post office. But the postal
工作人员可能并不知道它是什么,所以确保你能找到那个
workers might not know what it is so make sure you call around to find someone who
知道如何填写的人
knows how to fill it out.
他们说有两周的时间等回复
They say to give it two weeks to get your response back.
我一周内拿到我的
I got mine back in one,
但我还是致函日本在我转道去要墨西哥待一个月之前
but I’ve also sent a letter to Japan before that got sidetracked in Mexico for a month,
所以真的,给他它一点时间
so really, give it some time!
所以,快速回顾一下我们讨论的事情:
So, to go back over real quick the things we talked about:
当电话给你的信用卡公司,查看你的邮箱
calling your credit card company, having someone check your mail,
打电话你的车险公司,授权书,拜访你的医生
calling your car insurance company, power of attorney, visiting your doctor and
和Yakkan Shoumei
the Yakkan Shoumei.
所有的这些都是可选的
All of these things are optional.
你是一个现实生活里的人,你可以做你任何想做的现实生活里的决定
You’re a real life person making real life decisions so you can do whatever you want!
就我个人而言,这些仅仅是我来日本的路上处理的几件事而已
Personally these are just a couple things that I’ve dealt with on my way to Japan.
在我下一期视频中,我将告诉你你应该带来日本的东西,那将
In my next video I’m going to go over what you should take with you to Japan, which will
包括签证/护照,换钱最好的方法
include visa/passports, the best way to exchange money,
你应该带哪种衣服
what clothes you should bring,
你能不能在日本买到的食物和化妆品,还有礼物!
food and toiletries that you can and can’t get in Japan, and gifts!
如果你有任何关于准备来日本的问题,请写在下面评论区!
And if you have any questions on preparing for Japan leave them in the comments below!

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b735jXWVdiA

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