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捷克首都布拉格的斯特拉霍夫修道院

Prague, Czech Republic: Strahov Monastery

斯特拉霍夫修道院
The Strahov Monastery
俯瞰着布拉格城堡和这座城市的其他建筑
overlooks the Prague Castle and the rest of the city.
这座修道院曾是思潮中心
The monastery was a center of learning.
18世纪的启蒙运动席卷布拉格
As the Age of Enlightenment swept into Prague in the 18th century,
激起了人们对于研究自然科学的热情
it brought with it an enthusiasm for the study of natural sciences.
关于全球怪人怪事和时代奇迹的事件
Cases highlight oddities from around the globe and wonders of the day.
这有可能是一只年幼的渡渡鸟?
Could this be a baby dodo bird?
修道院最为人所知的是它的图书馆
The monastery is most noted for its library.
这些图书馆就好比是如今的谷歌
Libraries were the Google of the day.
而如今 这些书的重要性不可估量
It’s hard to overestimate the importance of these books back then.
大厅用一些著名的哲学、神学和渴求知识的画作装饰
The halls are decorated with paintings thatcelebrated philosophy, theology, and the quest for knowledge,
知识就是力量
Knowledge is power,
即便是在当时的欧洲抑或是现代
and in Europe until modern times,
教会一直是知识的保管者
the Church was the keeper of knowledge.
这便赋予了教会非凡的权利
This gave the Church extraordinary power.
例如 这些书里有一部分书籍记录着特别有挑战性的想法
For example, some of these books dealt with particularly challenging ideas.
门上方被锁的箱里装的是”禁止被阅读的书”
The locked case above the door was for “libri prohibiti” —
也就是 禁书
the prohibited books.
只有男修道院院长才拥有钥匙
Only the abbot had the key, and to read these books,
想阅读哥白尼和扬·胡斯的作品
like the works of Copernicus and Jan Hus,
你必须得到院长的许可
you had to get his permission.
因欧洲启蒙时期的袭来
As the Age of Enlightenment took hold in Europe,
教会为了维持它对知识的控制
the Church struggled to maintain its control of knowledge.
从信息时代的角度看待这些珍贵书籍
Pondering these treasured books for more Information Age perspective,
让我想起如今信息丰富
I’m reminded both how abundant information is today
和自由获取信息两者之间的重要性
and of the importance of free access.
更多欧洲旅游信息请前往ricksteves.com观看
For more European travel information visit ricksteves. com

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