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现在进行时语法学习

Practice Present Continuous Tense | English Grammar Course Checkup

Hi, everyone. I’m Esther.
大家好 我是Esther
Let’s start a checkup for the present continuous tense.
今天我们一起学习现在进行时
There’s a lot to learn, so let’s get started.
要学的很多 那我们开始吧
For this checkup of the present continuous tense,
这里关于现在进行时的学习
we’ll look at how this tense can be
将让我们了解现在进行时如何
used to describe an action that’s happening right now.
描述现在正在进行的动作
Let’s take a look at the first sentence.
我们一起看第一句
‘You -blank- learning English.’
“You-blank-learning English”
Remember for this tense,
注意 对于现在进行时
we start with the subject and the ‘ be’verb
主语过后接着是”be”动词
and then the verb ‘-ing’.
然后是动词的”ing”形式
We already have the verb ‘ -ing’here,
这句里动词已经有了”ing”
so we need the ‘ be’verb.
所以只需要填”be”动词
The subject in the first sentence is ‘you’.
第一句的主语是”you”
For ‘ you ’, ‘ we ’, and ‘ they ’,
对于”you” “we” 和”they”
we use the ‘ be’verb – ‘ are ’,
我们要用be动词”are”
so the correct answer is,
所以正确答案是
‘You are learning English’ right now.
“你现在正在学习英语”
The next sentence says, ‘She _blank_ not watching TV.’
下一句是”She_not watching TV.”
This is the negative form of the present continuous tense.
这一句是现在进行时的否定形式
We have the word ‘not’ before the verb ‘-ing’, However,
尽管在”ing”动词前有”not”
we’re missing the ‘be’ verb again.
但这里也没有”be”动词
What is the be verb to use if the subject is ‘ she ’?
如果主语是”she”我们要用be动词的什么形式呢?
the correct answer is ‘is’.
正确答案是”is”
‘She is not watching TV.’
“她没在看电影”
This one says, ‘I _blank_ studying now.’
这一句是”I_studying now.”
The subject here is ‘I’.
这里的主语是”I”
Again think of the ‘ be’verb that goes
再回想下和主语I 对应的
before the subject ‘ I ’.
be 动词的用法
The ‘be’ verb is ‘am’.
“be”动词要用”am”
‘I am studying now.’
“现在我正在学习”
We can also use a contraction and say, ‘I’m studying now’
同时我们也可以缩写为I’m studying now
If we wanted to turn this into the negative form,
如果我们想把这句话变成否定句
we can also say, ‘I’m not studying now.’ Now,
也可以说 “我现在没有学习”
take a look at the next sentence and find the mistake.
现在看下一句并找出句中的错误
‘Layla is watch a movie.’
“Layla is watch a movie “
Here we have the subject and the subject pronoun
这句话主语是Layla
for Layla would be ‘ she ’.
Layla的主语人称代词为”she”
We have the correct ‘be’ verb – ‘is’, However,
be动词is的使用也正确
you’ll notice we forgot the ‘ -ing ’
但是我们忘记了
at the end of the verb.
在动词词尾后要加ing
We need to say, ‘watching’.
所以应该改为”watching”
‘Layla is watching a movie.’
“Layla正在看电影”
The next sentence says, ‘They playing soccer now.’
下一句是 they playing soccer now
what’s missing?
什么成分丢了?
If you got it the correct answer is
如果你搞懂了就知道
we need the ‘ be’verb – ‘ are ’
正确答案需要加”be动词”are”
because the subject is ‘they’.
因为句子主语是”They”
‘They are playing soccer now.’
“they are playing soccer now”
And finally, ‘What do you do?’
最后一句是”What do you do?”
If you want to ask somebody what they’re doing right now,
如果你想问别人他现在正在做什么
you say,’what’… and the ‘be’ verb – ‘are… you.. doing?’
你可以用”what+be+doing?”的结构
‘What are you doing?’
“你现在正在做什么?”
Let’s move on to the next practice.
我们接着看下一节
For this checkup we’ll talk about the present continuous tense
这一节我们继续学习现在进行时
and how it can be used to describe
学习如何描述
an action that started in the past and continues today.
一个动作从过去开始一直持续到现在
It’s a longer action.
是一个持续发生的动作
Let’s take a look at the first sentence.
我们一起看第一句
‘He _blank_ studying economics.’
“He_studying economics.”
Remember for this tense, we take the subject,
注意现在进行时我们首先要看主语
a ‘ be’verb, and then verb ‘ -ing ’.
其次是”be”动词和”ing”形式的动词
Here we already have the verb ‘-ing’, ‘studying’.
已有动词ing-studying
So what are we missing?
那遗漏了什么呢?
The ‘be’ verb.
对 是be动词
The correct ‘be’ verb for the subject ‘he’ is ‘is’. So,
主语是he be动词要用is
‘He is studying economics.’
他正在学习经济学
The next sentence says, ‘They’re _blank_ for the fight.’
下一句They’re_for the fight.
The verb we want to use is ‘train’.
这里动词是”train”
Now we already have the’be’ verb here.
这句话已经有了”be”动词
It’s in the contraction ‘there’ because it’s ‘they are’.
它在缩写they’re 里
All we have to do now is add ‘ -ing’to the verb.
我们只需在动词后加上”ing”
‘They’re training for the fight these days.’
“这些天他们一直在为了战斗而训练”
And ‘We _blank_ teaching at the school.’
这一句是”We_teaching at school.”
Again we’re missing the ‘be’ verb.
这里也没写be动词
What is the ‘be’ verb for ‘we’?
和”we”匹配的”be”动词是什么呢?
The correct answer is ‘are’.
应该是”are”
‘We are teaching at the school.’
“我们在学校教书”
Now let’s look for the mistakes in the next sentence.
现在我们看这一句有什么错误
‘Ben is study to become a doctor.’
“Ben is study to become a doctor.”
Can you find the error?
你能找到错误吗?
Well we have the subject and we have the proper ‘ be verb ’.
主语和be动词都使用正确
What we’re missing is the ‘-ing’ at the end of ‘study’.
这句话错在study后没加ing
The correct answer is, ‘Ben is studying to become a doctor’.
应该是”Ben为了成为医生一直在努力学习”
Let’s look at the next sentence.
一起看接下来这句
‘I don’t reading that book.’
“I don’t reading that book.”
hmm ‘I don’t reading that book.’
嗯”I don’t reading that book.”
To form the negative in the present continuous,
在现在进行时中要构成否定
we don’t use ‘ do’or ‘ does ’
不需要用”do”或”does”
We use the ‘be’ verb.
只需在”be”动词上改
What is the be verb for ‘I’?
“I”后面搭配的be动词是什么?
The correct answer is ‘am’.
是”am”
‘I am not reading that book.’
“我没在读那本书”
There is no contraction for ‘am not’. Finally,
注意”am”和”not”是没有缩写形式的
‘They are to learn English.’
这一句是”They are to learn English.”
We have the subject and we have the correct ‘be’ verb,
主语和be动词都没问题
but remember we need verb ‘-ing’. Therefore,
我们需要的是在动词后加ing
the correct answer is,
因此要改为
‘They are learning English.’
“他们正在学习英语”
Let’s move on to the next checkup.
让我接着学习下一小节
For this checkup we’ll take a look
这一节我们将学习
at how the present continuous tense
现在进行时如何
can be used to talk about future plans.
表示将来的计划
Let’s take a look.
让我们一起学习吧
The first sentence says, ‘They’re play a game tonight.’
第一句是”They’re play a game tonight.”
The verb we want to use is ‘play’.
我们要用的动词是”play”
Remember we start with the subject and here we have it, ‘ they ’.
句子开头的主语已经有了”they”
Then we have the ‘be’ verb.
接着后面是”be”动词
In this case we used a contraction
这句中还用了一个缩写
for ‘ they are – ‘ they’re ’.
“they are”缩写为了”they’re”
That’s correct.
这是没问题的
After that we have to add ‘ -ing
我们只需要在动词词尾
’ to the end of the verb,
添加ing
so the correct answer is, ‘They’re playing a game tonight.’
所以应该是”他们今晚打算玩游戏”
The next sentence says,’We _blank_ not studying tomorrow.’
接下来这一句 “We_not studying tomorrow.”
Looks good but there’s a word that’s missing.
看起来没问题但这里漏了个词
This is the negative form because we have ‘not’.
这句话是否定句因为这里有”not”
We simply need the ‘be’ verb for ‘we’.
只需要”we”后面加”be”动词
The correct ‘be’ verb is ‘are’.
“be”动词要用”are”
‘We are not studying tomorrow.’
“我们明天不打算学习”
The next sentence says, ‘Lynn is _blank_ out tonight.’
下一句是”Lynn is_out tonight.”
and we want to use the verb ‘go’.
我们要用的动词是”go”
Remember’Lynn’ and then the ‘be’ verb – ‘is’.
注意”Lynn”后用的是”is”
That’s correct. All we have to do is add ‘-ing’.
很好 我们要做的是在动词后加”ing”
‘Lynn is going out tonight.’
“Lynn今晚打算要去外面”
To make this negative you can say,
把这句话变成否定句
‘ Lynn is not going out tonight. ’
“Lynn今晚不打算会出去”
or ‘ Lynn isn’t going out tonight. ’
或者是”Lynn今晚不打算出去”
The next sentence says, ‘Laura isn’t study this evening.’
下面一句是”Laura isn’t study this evening.”
Can you find the mistake?
你能发现错误之处吗?
Remember we have to add ‘
是的 我们要添加
-ing’to the end of the verb,
“ing”在动词词尾之后
so we need to say,
所以我们可以说
‘Laura isn’t studying this evening.’
“今晚劳拉不打算学习”
The next sentence says, ‘My sons will playing chess later.’
下面一句是”My sons will playing chess later.”
We are talking about a future plan,
这句讨论的是未来的打算
so you might be tempted to use ‘ well’ or ‘ will ’, I’m sorry.
你也许更倾向使用”well” 不好意思 是使用”will”
However, instead of saying ‘will’, we use the ‘be’ verb.
但是这里要用”be”动词而不是”will”
‘My sons are playing chess later.’
“我的孩子们稍后将要下棋”
And finally, ‘She’s not to eating dinner tonight.’
最后一句”She’s not to eating dinner tonight.”
There’s an extra word in here that we don’t need.
这里有一个单词不需要
What is it?
你发现了吗?
It’s ‘to’.
是”to”
Remember, subject – ‘be’ verb, not verb ‘-ing’.
记住该句语法是 主语+”be”动词+not+V-ing形式
We do not need ‘to’ in this sentence.
句子不需要的词是”to”
All right well that’s the end of this checkup.
好啦这就是我们最后的一节
Let’s move on.
下期继续
Good job, everyone.
你做得很好
You just completed the lesson on the present continuous tense.
你已经学完了现在进行时
This tense is not easy but you did a great job.
虽然很难但你做得很好
And keep watching to learn more.
坚持观看视频学习更多知识
I know English can be difficult but with practice and effort you will improve.
多练习不怕犯错你一定会有进步的
I promise.
我保证
See you in the next video.
下期见

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视频概述

现在进行时的几种用法及练习

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nLrfembiT5s

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