He looks like an ordinary guy.
He could be the taxi driver who took you to the airport,
a maths teacher or the manager of a gym.
但事实是 他是全球史上身价最高 影响力最大的富豪之一
In fact, he’s one of the richest and most powerful people who has ever lived.
And he’s only just in his thirties,
he may still only be at the early stages of his career.
他低调 随和 让人有亲近感
The down-beat, casual personal style seems endearing.
How nice that he’s not at all pompous！
No one calls me Mr. Zuckerberg
But those jeans and T-shirt signal something deeply disturbing
and cause us immense underlying psychological problems.
By stressing how average he is, Mark projects the idea
that it is within the reach of everyone to be like him.
If you’re not a multi-billionaire by the time you are thirty,
there might be something wrong with you.
Through his manner, Mark tells us implicitly:
世界上规模最大 影响力最深 口碑最好的公司之一
one of the world’s largest, most powerful and respected corporations
is being run by an ordinary down-to-earth guy.
I used to be really terrified at public speaking
up to a point where
我以前给员工开大会的时候 每次现场大概只有10到15个人 我就已经吓到只能坐着了
when I did an all-hands which at a time were like 10 or 15 people, I just sat down because I was so afraid.
That message has a nasty sting in the tail.
It might be abnormal to be you, who also looks so ordinary
but sadly, has no corporation in the background.
This is pretty devastating.
从很多方面来说 Mark都是一个出色的商业领袖 但同时
Mark is a great business leader in many ways. But, without meaning to,
he has hugely damaged our pride.
The modern world presents itself as egalitarian,
and it is, in the sense that in principle,
people can come from any background and get to the highest positions.
It’s just that, in practice, most people almost always don’t get very far.
There are more ambitions than there are glorious destinies.
我们败于阶级 基因 性别 时运不济
We are the victims of class, genes, biology, bad luck
and our own lack of inspiration and confidence.
We are told repeatedly that we are free to succeed.
What is less often stressed is the way social mobility works both ways.
We are also free to fail.
But when we do so, we can nowadays blame only ourselves for our mediocrity.
It’s a new kind of agony.
In the past people at the very top went to great lengths to show how different they were from everyone else
and how inconceivable it was that you could ever get to be like them.
他们的服饰 习惯 生活方式 都极具风格和特色
Their clothes, habits, ways of life were utterly distinctive.
They made it clear that they were not normal in any way.
Louis XIV of France liked to wander about in ermine cloaks and gold brocade coats.
He carries a golden stick. He sometimes donned a suit of armour.
确然 这样的穿着看起来极度傲慢 也凸显了不公 但却有一个极大的好处:
It was all very haughty and unfair, of course. But it did have one great advantage.
You could not possibly think you could get to the top and be like Louis.
You couldn’t envy the king,
because envy involves thinking it is theoretically possible to secure what the envied person has already got.
The NO.1 question that folks ask me is: what mistakes do you wish you could’ve avoided?
And I actually think that’s not the right question beacuse mistakes help you learn.
We’re not trying to tell Mark Zuckerberg to put on a golden suit or carry a sceptre.
He can keep wearing the jeans,
but we – his viewers – should appreciate what problems all this causes us.
We need to work on greater compassion for ourselves.
It’s hard to live in modern times when the rich and powerful often look just like us.
Unexpectedly, we all pay a price in anxiety, every day,
for those wardrobe choices.
Thank you. Thank you guys so much.
My name is Barack Obama
and I’m the guy who got Mark to wear a jacket and tie.
[cheers and applause]