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波兰十佳游览地

Poland Travel | 10 Best Places to Visit in Poland

波兰十佳游览地
10 Best Places to Visit in Poland.
波兰作为一个东欧国家 人们生活并不容易
Life has not been easy for Poland, an eastern European country
几个世纪以来 它已遭到多次入侵和破坏
that has been invaded and destroyed many times over the centuries.
第二次世界大战中 波兰损失惨重
The country suffered mightily in World War II
许多市民 包括大量的犹太人
when many of its citizens, including its large Jewish population,
曾被驱赶到纳粹集中营
were hustled off to Nazi concentration camps.
然而 波兰人民宁死不屈 顽强反抗
The Polish spirit, however, refused to die
如今 波兰将中世纪建筑与生机勃勃的文化活动相融合
and today the country combines medieval architecture with lively cultural activities
满足了现代游客的需求
to meet the needs of modern tourists.
波兰最佳游览地概述
An overview of the best places to visit in Poland:
第十 马尔堡
10. Malbork.
中世纪的马尔堡小镇
The medieval town of Malbork,
也许更出名的是它的德语名字玛丽恩堡
perhaps better known by the German name of Marienburg,
马尔堡小镇中最有名的是其马尔堡城堡
is most well-known for its castle,
它建于13世纪
which was ordered built in the 13th century
由条顿骑士团的骑士军作为其总指挥
by the Knights of the Teutonic Order as their headquarters,
它是欧洲最大的哥特式城堡 曾以圣母玛利亚命名
Europe’s largest Gothic fortress is named after the Virgin Mary,
它是这座城市和其城堡的守护神
the patron saint of the city and castle.
实际上 整个城堡分为三部分
The castle is actually three castles,
是世界上最大的砖结构城堡
making it the world’s largest brick castle.
建造这座城堡花了230年的时间
It took 230 years to build the castle,
其中大部分毁于第二次世界大战期间
a majority of which was destroyed during World War II.
从那以后 整座城堡的大部分破损都已修复
Much of the castle has been restored since then.
第九 卢布林
9. Lublin.
卢布林位于维斯瓦河的东面
Lublin, located east of the Vistula,
也是一座有市场的古城
is another ancient city with a market place
它的起源可追溯到六世纪
that may have dated back to the sixth century.
由于它位于波兰东部边境
Because it is located on Poland’s eastern border,
早期 它也成了抵御入侵者的要塞之地
it became, early on, a line of defense against various invaders
几个世纪以来 这座城市都曾遭到摧毁
that destroyed the city over the centuries.
它也是波兰最大的犹太人社区之一
It also was home to one of the largest Jewish communities in Poland.
卢布林见证了东西方文化的融合
Evidence of Lublin connecting Western and Eastern cultures
圣三一教堂就是个典型的例子
can be found at the Holy Trinity Chapel
它将天主教和俄罗斯拜占庭式的风格融为一体
that blends Catholic and Russian-Byzantine styles.
但是不要被鹅卵石街道
But don’t be fooled by the cobblestone streets
和老城区中世纪的建筑所骗
and medieval architecture of the Old Town,
因为它有着生动的艺术和热闹的夜总会场景
as it boasts a lively arts and nightclub scene.
第八 比亚沃维耶扎森林
8. Bialowieza Forest.
比亚沃维耶扎森林是一大片原始森林遗址
The Bialowieza Forest is a large remnant of the primeval forests
曾经覆盖了欧洲大部分地区
that once covered much of Europe.
这片森林横跨白俄罗斯和波兰边境
The forest straddles the border between Poland and the Republic of Belarus,
同时也是游客骑车或步行的过境站
and there are border crossings for tourists on foot or on bicycles.
比亚沃韦耶扎森林是唯一一处
The Bialowieza Forest is the only place
欧洲野牛仍在森林里自由生活的地方
where European Bison still remain free and living in the forest
就像它们曾经遍及整个欧洲一样
as they once did throughout Europe.
狼 猞猁 马鹿 野猪 麋鹿和狍也在这里安家
Wolves, Lynx, Red Deer, Wild Boar, Elk and Roe Deer are among its other inhabitants.
由于野牛在围栏区域内生活
While the bison are kept within fenced areas,
所以导游带领的游客可以安全的步行
guided tours are available either on foot
或乘马车前往此地
or in horse-drawn carriages.
第七 托伦
7. Torun.
托伦位于维斯瓦河
Torun, located on the Vistula River,
也许最出名的是 这里为哥白尼的出生地
is best known, perhaps, as the birthplace of Copernicus,
但它同样以古老的市场和哥特式的市政厅而闻名
but it’s just as well known for its old market place and Gothic town hall
美国国家地理杂志将波兰列入世界上30个最美丽的地方
that the National Geographic Polska put on its list of the 30 most beautiful places in the world.
在第二次世界大战期间 托伦幸免于轰炸
As Torun escaped bombing during World War II,
这座城市仍有许多建筑
the city still boasts numerous buildings
可以追溯到中世纪时期
that date back to the Middle Ages.
市政厅始建于13世纪
Construction on the town hall started in the 13th century,
许多教堂 包括施洗者圣约翰和福音师圣约翰大教堂
with many churches, including the Cathedral of SS. John the Evangelist and John the Baptist,
可以追溯到14世纪
dating back to the 14th century.
游客如果对哥特式的绘画 雕塑和巴洛克式的祭坛感兴趣
This church is a must-see for travelers
这座教堂将是必览之地
interested in Gothic paintings and sculptures, and Baroque altars.
第六 塔特拉山国家公园
6. Tatra National Park.
渴望美丽风景的游客定会在塔特拉山国家公园有所收获
Travelers who crave scenic beauty will find it in Tatra National Park,
它位于波兰中南部
located in southcentral Poland.
建于1954年
Established in 1954,
公园主要有大量的森林 草地
the park is mainly forests, meadows
塔特拉山脉覆盖了许多岩层
and numerous rock formations covering the Tatra Mountains.
洞穴探察者可以游览公园中650个洞穴中的其中6个
Spelunkers may enjoy touring six of the park’s 650 caves
这6个是对公众开放的
that are open to the public.
该公园还有30多个高山湖
The park also offers more than 30 alpine lakes
以及Wielka Siklawa大瀑布
as well as the Wielka Siklawa waterfall
这条瀑布高70米(合230英尺)
that is 70 meters (230 feet) high.
塔特拉是吸引游客最多的波兰国家公园
Tatra, the most visited national park in Poland,
公园内270千米长的小径受到徒步旅客的喜爱
will delight hikers with its 270 km (170 miles) of trails.
斯洛伐克附近有一座类似的国家公园
There is a similar national park in the neighboring part of Slovakia,
也叫塔特拉山国家公园
also called the Tatra National Park.
第五 波兹南
5. Poznan.
学生旅客若想遇到波兰的学生
Student travelers wanting to meet their Polish peers
波兹南会是个不错的选择
might want to visit Poznan,
长期以来这里被称为学术中心
long known as an academic center
也是波兰第三大大学的所在地
and home to Poland’s third largest university.
这座城市举办过许多国际性活动
The city hosts many international events,
包括马耳他国际戏剧节
including the Malta International Theatre Festival
每年夏天都会举办
that takes place every summer.
漫步于特别为游客设立的皇家帝国步行路线
Major sites are easily accessible by strolling the Royal-Imperial Route,
许多主要景点会映入眼帘
a walk set up especially for tourists.
运动员们可能会去参观马耳他的人工湖
Athletes may enjoy a visit to the artificial lake of Malta,
这里有滑雪坡 溜冰场和游泳池
home to a ski slope, ice rink, and swimming pools.
第四 弗罗茨瓦夫
4. Wroclaw.
弗罗茨瓦夫位于奥得河流域
Located on the Oder River,
是波兰西部最大的城市
Wroclaw is the largest city in western Poland.
几个世纪以来 它先后被普鲁士 波兰 德国和波西米亚所统治
Over the centuries it has been governed by Prussia, Poland, Germany and Bohemia,
但自1945以来 它就成为波兰的一部分
but has been part of Poland since 1945.
这里作为西里西亚的旧都
The former capital of Silesia is still less well-known
与波兰其他游览地相比 这里并不是很出名
as some of the other places to visit in Poland
但是 说到令人惊叹的建筑 绝对是无可比拟的
but can definitely compete when it comes to amazing architecture.
主要景点包括中央集市广场
Main attractions include the market square
以及令人印象深刻的旧市政厅 圣伊丽莎白教堂
and the impressive Old Town Hall, St, Elizabeth’s Church
在教堂的观景台上 可以俯瞰到整个城市
with its observation deck overlooking the city,
这里还有波兰最大的动物园
and the largest zoo in Poland.
在奥得河上航行 轻松地感受这座中世纪的城市
Sailing on the Oder River is a relaxing way to get a feel for this medieval city.
第三 格但斯克
3. Gdansk.
格但斯克也被称为但泽
Also known as Danzig,
是波兰北部最大的城市
Gdansk is the largest city in northern Poland
其主要海港位于波罗的海
and its main seaport since it lies on the Baltic Sea.
该市建于10世纪左右
Founded around the 10th century,
它有段复杂的政治历史
it has a mixed political history;
在不同时期 它先后属于德国和波兰
at different times it belonged to Germany and Poland,
二战结束后 在永久成为波兰的一部分之前格但斯克是个自由城市
and was a free state before permanently becoming a part of Poland after World War II.
战后又重建了这座城市 并修复旧城
The city rebuilt itself after the war, restoring its Old Town,
旧城因皇家之路而出名
which is famous for the Royal Road that Polish kings traveled on
波兰国王访问这座历史名城时 曾在此旅游
when visiting this historical city.
这个城市也是圣玛丽教堂的所在地
The city also is home to St. Mary church,
它是世界上最大的砖砌教堂
the largest brick church in the world.
第二 华沙
2. Warsaw.
作为波兰的首都 它或许可与凤凰涅磐相媲美
The capital of Poland might not be compared to a Phoenix rising from the ashes.
华沙建于12世纪左右
Founded around the 12th century,
二战期间 几乎全部被毁
Warsaw was pretty much destroyed during World War II,
但是 它又重建了一个繁荣的历史文化中心
but has rebuilt itself into a thriving historical and cultural center,
还有旧城区
complete with a restored Old Town.
这里曾经被称为“北方的巴黎”
Once known as the “Paris of the North,”
它同样以古典作曲家弗雷德里克·肖邦的故乡而闻名于世
it also is famous as the home of classical composer Fryderyk Chopin.
各个年龄段的游客会享受哥白尼科学中心的体验
Travelers of all ages will enjoy a visit to the Copernicus Science Center
这里有丰富多彩的实践活动
where hands-on activities abound.
第一 克拉科夫
1. Krakow.
克拉科夫可称作是个白手起家的城市
Krakow might be described as a rags to riches city,
因为它从一个七世纪的村庄
since it went from being a seventh century village
变成波兰第二大重要城市
to the second most important city in Poland,
它以其文化 艺术
being known for its cultural, artistic,
学术和经济活动而闻名
academic and economic activities.
在第二次世界大战期间 纳粹将犹太人驱赶到克拉科夫贫民窟
During World War II, the Nazis herded Jews into the Krakow Ghetto
他们后来又被送到了集中营
where they were later sent to concentration camps;
电影《辛德勒的名单》围绕主人公努力拯救
the movie Schindler’s List centered around one man’s efforts to save
贫民窟的居民免遭法西斯杀害的故事展开
the ghetto residents from extermination.
克拉科夫位于维斯瓦河岸
Located on the Vistula River,
作为波兰旧都 游览这里很方便
this former Polish capital is easy to get around,
因为景点从老城区向外扩散
since attractions radiate out from Old Town,
这里被称作是这个国家最古老的城镇
considered the best Old Town in the country.

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