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皮克斯动画短片《鹬》影评 – 译学馆
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皮克斯动画短片《鹬》影评

Piper Short Film by Disney Pixar

《鹬》前方剧透
Piper Spoilers.
2016年 皮克斯公司发行了短片《鹬》
In 2016, the short film Piper was released by Pixar,
最近获得了奥斯卡最佳动画短片提名
and with the recent academy award nomination for Best Animated Short,
这是皮克斯工作室在此项目所获得的第13次奥斯卡提名
and marks the studio’s thirteenth Oscar nomination in its category.
我觉得从皮克斯多年的成功经验中
I feel like we can learn a thing or two about the short film format
我们可以学习到一些关于短片形式的知识
that Pixar has mastered so well over the years.
皮克斯所取得的成就的独特之处在于
One of the things that makes these accomplishments so odd
这些电影都不是由一个导演或作家创作的
is that there isn’t a single director or writer that makes these films.
皮克斯团队每个员工贡献的镜头不超过一个
No one at Pixar’s team has made any more than one shot for the company,
哪怕他们曾经有短片大获成功
even if they’ve had success beforehand in previous short film they’ve made.
就《鹬》而言 艾伦·巴利拉罗担任了这部片的编剧和导演
In the case of Piper, it was written and directed by Alan Barillaro,
他之前从事动画产业 也参与过皮克斯最成功的几部电影的制作
previously working in the animation department or some of Pixar’s greatest films,
比如《虫虫危机》《超人特工队》和《机器人总动员》 只是举几个例子
A Bug’s Life, The Incredibles and Wall·E to name a few.
《鹬》是他的导演处女作
This being his directorial debut,
他和他这么多同事第一次做电影就有幸获得了奥斯卡提名 真是个奇迹
it’s a wonder how he, and so many of his peers have had the fortune to be nominated for their first film.
当然 他功不可没
Without taking any well-deserved credit for him,
但我认为这些电影似乎都是因为遵循着某种套路
I think that there seems to be a format that these films follow
才能大放异彩
that enables them to be made so well.
我想很多人都知道皮克斯的22条叙事规则
I think a lot of people know about the Pixar 22 rules of storytelling.
但我认为它们主要适用于故事片设计
But this I think mostly applies to the feature film format,
而短片很不一样
something very different to short films.
因此尽管一些规则仍然适用
And so while some of the rules may still apply,
但我要指出一些其他的规则
for now, I’m just going to point out what’s not on the poster.
我觉得这些短片中一眼就能看出来的共性是
I think the most obvious thing that we can see throughout these shorts
物体 地点和动物的拟人化
is the personification of objects, places and animals.
短片中很重要的一点是赋予角色性格和使命
Giving personalities and objectives to a character is very important in a short film.
因为短片叙事时间有限
With not a lot of time to tell a story,
作为观众 很多事情要靠我们的推理
we as audience have to infer a lot of what’s going on.
《鹬》的故事线基本如下:
The basic story of Piper goes like this:
小鹬鸟从来没有到海滨去寻找过食物
Piper has never been to the seafront to find herself food.
当得知不存在什么危险后
After being told that everything is fine,
她出来寻找食物
she goes on to find herself some food.
但她却没找到食物 并且被海浪吞没了
She fails to find food and is swept up by the ocean,
这让她害怕再次失败
leaving Piper afraid of failing again.
当她再次鼓起勇气寻找食物
After plucking up the courage again to find food,
她遇到了一只寄居蟹他鼓励她不要害怕大海
she meets a hermit crab that shows her not to be afraid of the ocean
要拥抱大海 把大海用作工具
but to embrace it and use it as a tool.
最后她成功地在海滩上找到了食物 喂养自己和家人
Finally she’s able to find food on the beach and feed herself as well as her family .
短片的主人公是一只名叫鹬的小鸟
The short film follows a small bird named Piper,
讲述了她学习成长 并克服在海边寻找食物的恐惧的故事
as she learns and overcomes her fears of finding food at the seafront.
这是一个关于克服困难 不因失败而气馁的故事
It’s a story about overcoming obstacles and not being discouraged by failure.
皮克斯把这一切浓缩进一部五分钟长的短片
Somehow Pixar manages to fit all of these into a five-minute long short film,
没有运用任何对白 而是完全由动画讲述
without using any spoken language and entirely by animation.
这很独特 但可能你会觉得如此局限的制作方式
It’s odd, but you might think that the most restrictive methods used to create this film
会阻碍故事叙述的潜力
are hindering its storytelling potential.
但实际上这种技巧是最有用的
But actually they’re the most useful techniques.
通过不加入任何对白的短片处理方式
By having no dialog in this or any other short,
皮克斯让观众自己推断出故事情节
Pixar allows the audience to infer what’s going on in the scene.
动作和拟人化的面部表情是片中推动故事发展的动力
Movements and personified facial expressions are what drives this story in this film.
我们可以看一下短片《纸人》 看看这种技巧的效果
We can look at the film Paperman to see how effectively this can be used.
没有对话 因为不需要
There are no words because they aren’t needed.
可以看到其中有种希区柯克称为蒙太奇剪辑的技巧
We can actually see a technique used that Alfred Hitchcock describes as montage editing.
“一部电影的镜头组成
“The assembly of film
“以及如何靠改变镜头组合来改变主题
and how it can be changed to create a different idea.
“这是一个特写 表现的是他看到的事物
“Now we have a close up, they will show what he sees.
“我们假设 他看到一个女人怀里抱着一个婴儿
“Let’s assume he saw a woman holding a baby in her arms.
“现在我们再来看看他看到这些后的反应
“Now we cut back to his reaction to what he sees.
“他笑了
“And he smiles.
“现在他是个怎样的人物
“Now what is he as a character?
“他是个和善的人
“He is a kindly man.
“他很感性
“He’s sympathetic.
“现在让我们把中间抱孩子的女人那个镜头换掉
“Now let’s take the middle piece of film away, the woman with the child,
“但留下他那两个镜头
but leave his two pieces of film as they were.
“现在我们把一个女孩穿比基尼的镜头放进去
“Now we put in a piece of film of a girl in the bikini.
“他看着身穿比基尼的女孩 然后露出了微笑
“He looks, girl in the bikini, he smiles.
“他现在是什么 一个猥琐的老男人
“What is he now? The dirty old man.
“他不再是那个和善的喜欢孩子的绅士了
“He’s no longer the benign gentleman, who loves babies.
“这就是电影的力量”
“That’s what film can do for you.”
就是这样 我们发现小鹬经常等待着她的母亲
It’s what tells us that Piper usually expects her mother
等待妈妈像以往一样 给自己的孩子喂食
to feed her much like a bird usually would for her babies.
随着电影的进行 小鹬变得饥肠辘辘
And then later in the film, Piper is actually really hungry.
与鹬情感同步的音乐
Along with the music that synchronizes with Piper’s emotions,
增强了这种感觉
it really accentuates the feeling.
他们把这些角色拟人化 于是观众更能感同身受
They personify these characters to make it so the audience emphasize with them just a little bit more.
这也是皮克斯能赢得奥斯卡青睐的主要原因之一
This is one of the main reasons why Pixar does so well at the Oscars,
电影中如此清新干净的画面
making that films with such pristine animation,
最细微的微表情也会被观众捕捉到
allows for even the slightest micro-expressions to be picked up by the audience.
如果他们在这部电影中加入了对话
If they had chosen to use dialog in this film,
我认为会适得其反
I don’t think that they would have worked so well.
对于这样简单的故事 没有必要解释动机 做过多阐述
For simple stories like this, it’s unnecessary to explain motive and exposition.
当故事情节十分简单时
When it tells such a basic story,
解释会显得冗余
it just makes it redundant to explain what’s going on.
对这部电影来说
For this particular film,
有一种超现实的感觉就好像是它用长焦镜头拍摄的
there is a sense of hyper reality in the way that looks like it has been showed with the telephoto lens,
就像你在自然纪录片里看到的那样
much like you have seen in the nature documentary.
连续不断的浅景深镜头
With the continuous pulling of the shallow focus,
这在这部镜头很美的电影中尤其明显 增强了写实感
this is the extremely noticeable in this aesthetical film, adding the sense of realism.
因为我们知道这个故事是大自然的常事
Since we know that this is a real story that happens in nature all the time,
这让这部电影比做成动画更经得起时间的考验
it leads the film to be a little more enduring than if it were to be done into the animation.
这部片和很多其他皮克斯电影一样 既带来了欢笑 也骗走了泪水
This film and lots of others by Pixar makes us laugh and cry all the time.
通过讲述一个简单的故事 安排更为简单的人物
By fitting a simple story with even more simple characters,
我们看着各个人物克服困难 迎来满意的结局
we are led through obstacles to a satisfying conclusion for our characters,
不要困惑 也不要问电影里发生了什么
although being confused or made to question what’s going on in the film.
我个人希望《鹬》赢得奥斯卡奖
I’m personally hoping that Piper wins the Oscar.
因为已经很久没有出现过这么好的短片了
Because it’s one of the best short films ups in a long time.
感谢大家的收看
Thank you all so much for watching.
如果你喜欢这个视频你可以看看我之前关于电影留白的视频
If you like this video then you can check on my previous video on Negative Space in film.
如果你能给我一个评价让我知道你的想法 我也会很感谢的
I’d also appreciate it if you could leave a rating to let me know your thought.
我是詹姆斯·海耶斯 感谢您的收看
My name is James Hayes and thank you for watching.

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译制信息
视频概述

皮克斯动画短片《鹬》的逼真制作和清新干净的画风,贴合情绪的配乐,让它得到奥斯卡金像奖动画短片提名。

听录译者

Sadism

翻译译者

Philovist

审核员

审核员 DL

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lkQTe0Wdo2k

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