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Photoshop教程:宠物头像替换 – 译学馆
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Photoshop教程:宠物头像替换

Photoshop Playbook: Swapping Pet-Heads

Photoshop教程:宠物头像替换
Photoshop Playbook Swapping Pet-Heads
既高效又严肃的编辑 每天都会用到“Photoshop”这款软件
Photoshop is used every day for powerful serious editing.
在本集中
In this episode,
我想说的内容 一点也不严肃
I wanna talk about something that isn’t serious at all.
即是 把一些宠物的头像 加到另些宠物身上
And that’s adding pet heads to other pets.
这种做法 网上随处可见
This is something we see all over the Web.
非常流行
It’s very popular,
这里有些建议和技巧
and there are some tips and tricks
来确保你能把这种操作做好
to make sure that you do it right.
让我们看看 这种操作如何来做
Let’s take a look at how it’s done.
让我们从一个实际的例子开始
Let’s start with a practical example.
这里(有个例子)可供我们很好地演示
We’ve got a nice expression here,
我想把那只狗的头拿下来
and I wanna take that dog’s head,
往这只狗的身体上拼接
and drop it onto this body.
我现在已经看到了 一些不好处理的地方
Now I’ve seen a bit of problem,
就是这对耳朵 它们是探出来的 会有些碍事
which is that these ears are gonna stick out and get in the way.
好 我们需要把这只狗的头去掉
So we need to remove this dog’s head.
为此 我们将使用“快速选择”工具
And to do so we are gonna take our quick select tool,
恰好把我们想要删除的部分 选择出来
and just select the area that we wanna remove.
我们对想要(删除)的区域 正在进行覆盖
We are gonna paint in the area we want.
我们按住“Option”和“ALT”键 拖动鼠标
And we are gonna Option + ALT click
就能减少“选择删除的区域”(不想删除的区域)
the area that we don’t want
对你选择的区域 做一点额外的小操作 来扩展(一些像素)这个主意会很不错
And it’s a good idea to expand your selection to give a little extra underwork.
这样就应该可以了
That should be alright.
我点击“删除”键
I’m gonna hit the Delete key,
检查这里已设置为“内容识别”功能
and make sure that this is set to Content-Aware,
点击“确定”按钮
and click OK.
效果还不错
And that’s just fine.
图片即使不完美 也还处理得蛮好
It’s ok if it’s not perfect,
毕竟 这张图片的大部分 等下会用其他的图层来覆盖
because the other layer is going to obscure most of it.
我把那张图片退出
I’m gonna deselect that,
回到这里这张图片
and move back over here to this one.
再次使用“快速选择”工具
Again using the quick select tool.
我仅仅对想要的区域 进行覆盖
I’m just gonna paint in the area that I want.
现在 我如果在这里 真正慢慢来进行
Now if I was really taking my time here,
就会停留下来
I might stop
把每根胡须都选择出来
and select the individual whiskers.
不过 为了此次演示
But for the sake of this example,
这样来做也相当不错了
that’s gonna be good enough.
我按“Command”和“C”键 来复制选中的区域
I’m gonna hit Command + C to copy that,
(把这个图片)替换成另一个头像
and move over to the other head,
点击“Command”和“V”键 把选定区域 粘贴进去
and hit Command + V to drop that in.
现在 我点击“Command”和“T”键 来让粘贴部分 改变形态
Now I’m gonna hit Command + T to transform it.
如果 粘贴部分的比例 对我很重要
Now if the proportion is important to me,
我会按住“Shift”键 来对粘贴部分 控制大小
I’m gonna constrain them by holding the Shift key.
为了这次演示
For the sake of this example,
这个比例不那么重要
It’s not that important
毕竟 它们是不同的照片
because they are different shots.
你把大小调整成八九不离十
You get the size about right,
然后 把这个头像 放好位置
and then move his head into position.
我还可以从这里 让头像倾斜一点
I can even tilt it a little from here.
我操作完成后
And when I’m ready,
点击“提交”按钮来保存图片
I click the Check box to commit that.
这里我可以做一些操作
And there are a couple of things I can do
来让图片看起来 更加真实可信
to make this a little more believable.
其中一个是 设法与原图片色调匹配
And one is to try to match the tone.
这里我需要来到“图片”—“调整”—“亮度/对比度”
I want to come up here to Image – Adjustments – Brightness/Contrast.
把“对比度”简单地调低
Simply lowering the Contrast
就会产生很大的不同
is gonna make a big difference.
我还可以选取(亮度值)来让图片变得稍暗些
I might also choose to make this just a little bit darker.
好 图片看起来颇为不错
Ok, that looks pretty decent.
最后一个很有帮助的步骤
One Last step that will help a lot
是使用“橡皮擦”工具
is to take the Eraser tool.
确保头像边缘 轮廓不那么明显
Make sure I got the soft edge.
我可以按住“Control”和“ALT”键
I can use my Control + ALT keys,
(把鼠标)上下拖动
and move up and down.
然后 只对选定区域下部 进行柔化
And then just soften the bottom of my selection.
正像用最初选定的区域
Just like with the initial selection,
要是花费时间在那里 遮挡覆盖和美化修饰
taking the time to go in there and massage.
图片呈现的效果 就会变得最好
It is going to get you the best results.
不过 你明白就好了
But you get the idea.
好 让我们对这个实际的例子 回顾一下
So let’s take a look at our practical example,
从哪里开始的
and where it started.
图片原来是那样
That’s where it was.
我们操作后 图片变成这样
That’s where we took it.
好的 这里实际演示了 把一只狗的头 从一个身体移动到另个身体上 十分不错
All right, so that’s a pretty practical example of moving a dog’s head from one body to the other.
让我们做一些看起来有些荒谬的事儿吧
Let’s do something a little more ridiculous.
让我们利用同一只狗头
Let’s take that same dog’s head,
这个头之前已经复制进了剪贴板
which is copied to our clipboard,
把这个狗狗头像 拼到猫的身上
and drop it over onto a cat.
好 我只要点击“Command”和“V”键
OK, I’m just gonna hit Command + V.
把相同的头像图层 粘贴进了那里
And that’s gonna drop that same layer in there.
再次 点击“Command”和“T”键 来改变图层形态
Again Command + T is gonna transform it.
好 我正需要让头像变大一些
So I just wanna make it a little bit larger.
把头像位置放好
Move it into position.
将头像旋转
Rotate it.
让头像变宽一些
Make it a little wider.
我认为 对我而言 头像在图片中面相另一边 会看起来更好些
And I think in this image it will look better for us facing in other way.
好 我把头像一边抓住 向另一边拖动
So I’m gonna grab one side and move it to the other.
我可以把头像翻转过去
I can just flip it around,
把头像移动到我需要的位置
move it where I want,
转动头像
turn it.
你只用把头像改变形态 移动位置 就可以做不少调整
And you can adjust quite a bit, just by transforming and moving this around.
你可以再次用到“笔刷”工具
Again you can use the Brush
来把边缘轮廓涂抹掉
to paint out the edges.
你可以变换颜色
You can change the color.
不过 正如你所看到的
But as you can see,
使用Photoshop图层和变换的功能 快速让图片变得荒诞有趣 这其实非常容易
it’s pretty easy to make your image look completely ridiculous really quickly using layers and transforms in Photoshop.

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视频概述

Photoshop教程:宠物头像替换 Photoshop教程:宠物头像替换

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rR4WfcWZioY

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