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图片中的文字和图形蒙版技巧

Photoshop Playbook: Masking Images to Shapes & Type

有许多不同方法
There are number of different techniques that can be used
在文字或图表里展示一张图片
to show a photograph within type or graphics
在这个示范中这两个组我都将使用
In this example I want to make use of both groups
同时也会用到剪切蒙版
as well as clipping masks
我们从这个文件开始
So let’s start here with this file
我们可以看到这里有很多的图层
we can see that I have multiple layers
有纸质图层
I got the Paper Layer
有圆形图层
I got a circle layer
还有文字图层
and I’ve got a Type Layer
我想要这种树皮图层
And I want this tree bark
在圆形和文字图层内部都能显示
to appear inside of the type as well as the circle
如果我选择“图层”然后“创建剪贴蒙版”
If however I toggle it on and then choose ‘Layer’, ‘Create Clipping Mask’
你可以看到图案仅仅在文字图层内部出现
you notice that it’s only been clipped inside of the Type Layer
我们继续还原到上一步
Let’s go ahead and undo that
取而代之 我将同时选择文字图层
and instead I’m going to select both the Type Layer
和形状图层
as well as the Shape Layer
并且我要将它们放到一个组中
And I’ll put them into a group
通过选择“图层”中的“组层”选项
by selecting ‘Layer’ and then ‘Group Layers’
现在他们在一个组里了
Now that they’re in a group
我再一次选中树皮图层
If I select the tree bark
然后我再选中“创建剪贴蒙版”选项
I can then choose to’Create a Clipping Mask’
因为文字图层和形状图层
and because both the type layer and the shape layer
都在一个组中
are within that group
树皮图层将会填充它们两
the tree bark will be clipped to all of their contents
我们之所以这么做 有一点特别赞像这样
Now the great thing about doing it this way
我先选择移动工具
is if I select the move tool
然后选择树皮图层
I have the tree bark selected
我可以任意移动图层的位置
I can actually reposition that layer
我也可以很灵活地找到文字图层
I also have the flexibility of going down to the type layer
然后对文字进行编辑
and then editing that as well
现在有一个问题 在组和背景之间
Now one of the problem is there’s not a lot of separation
区别非常的小
between the items in the group and the background
要想改变这一点 方法非常多
There’s a variety of different ways we can change that
比如说 可以选择纸质图层
for instance I could go to the paper layer
降低不透明度
and then decrease the opacity
或者也许我可以将文字和圆形下方加入阴影
or I could add a drop shadow to maybe the type layer as well as the circle layer
然而我不想重复加两次阴影
However I don’t want to add the drop shadow twice
比起在单层中加入阴影
So instead of adding it to the individual layers
我会选择组 点击“fx”图标
I’ll select the group and then use the ‘fx’ icon
然后选择“投影”选项
to select ‘Drop Shadow’
你可以看到当我移动阴影的时候
You can see as I reposition the drop shadow
不仅仅文字显示出阴影
the drop shadow is not only on the type layer
圆形也同样显示出阴影这是因为它们在同一个组中
but also on the circle because they’re in the same group
我们继续稍微放大一点
Let’s go ahead and just make that a little bit larger
可能使它更柔和点然后点击“确认”
and maybe a little softer and click ‘OK’
因此我们可以从中看到 使用组合图层会更灵活
So we can see that you have the flexibility by using layer groups
不仅能编辑单层图层
to not only edit the individual layers
也能编辑被组合的图层
but also the photograph that’s been grouped
我们继续关掉文字图层
Let’s go ahead and turn off the type layer
打开另外两个图形图层
and show these other two graphic layers
我们可以看到这两只鱼形图案没有与之相对应的阴影
We noticed that the two fish don’t have the drop shadow applying to them
所以我需要做的就是选中它们并将它们放置在一个组中
but all I need to do is select them and put them within the group
因为阴影自动适用于整个组
and because the drop shadow is applied to the group
所以现在阴影也会自然而然应用在这两个图案上
it’s automatically applied now to those two graphics
我们再选择树皮图层
If we move back up to the tree bark
我们依旧能随意移动但我希望它能再柔和些
we can move that around but I actually want to soften it a little
你可以看到树皮有些粗糙
you can see that the bark is a little bit harsh
所以我选择“滤镜” 然后找到“油画效果”
so I’ll choose ‘Filter’ and then ‘Oil Paint’
放大至100%
and then zoom in here to 100%
你可以看到纹理变的如此细腻
You can see how now it’s got this great texture
更像鱼鳞而不是树皮
that much more resembles maybe the fish scales than it did the bark
点击“确定”
So I’ll click ‘OK’
当缩小图案 就能看到成果了
We can see the results if I zoom out
选择移动工具
and I have my move tool selected
别忘了 如果我们不喜欢树皮图层所在的位置
and don’t forget if we don’t like where the tree bark is falling
我们不仅能改变它的位置
not only can we reposition it
我们也可以选择自由变形 使树皮图层变形
but we can also go into free transform and maybe transform the bark
然后再一次移动图层
and then reposition that again
所以你可以看到 在ps软件中
So you can see by working with layer groups
通过使用组层和遮罩
as well as clipping mask in Photoshop
对于在图表里隔离或者显示一张图片可以有很大的灵活性
you have a lot of flexibility as far as isolatingor displaying a photograph within those graphics

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视频概述

想让你的图片看上去就像广告一样吸引人吗?ps来拯救你!这一次要教会你的是怎样让图片中的文字和图形看上去闪闪发光。

听录译者

陈小米

翻译译者

风浪

审核员

审核团O

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=49UK1gwZk5A

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