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如何使用DNG色彩配置文件编辑器来调整颜色和光线 – 译学馆
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如何使用DNG色彩配置文件编辑器来调整颜色和光线

Photoshop Playbook: How to Use the DNG Profile Editor to Adjust Color and Light

Photoshop教程如何通过DNG色彩配置文件编辑器来调整色彩和亮度
Photoshop PlaybookHow to Use the DNG Profile Editor to Adjust Color and Light
如果你拍摄未经处理的原始图片
If you’re shooting raw today,
那么你就知道在RAW格式中处理能获得比JPEG格式中功能和精确度更强大
And you know that there is more power and precision available on a RAW file than in say a JPEG.
如果把RAW格式的文件转换成Adobe的DNG格式
And if you’re converting your raw files to Adobe’s DNG format,
你就知道用DNG格式会有相当大的灵活性和优势
you know that there is a lot of flexibility and benefits to that format,
比如更小的尺寸
like a smaller size.
但你可能没有料到 在DNG格式文件中
But what you might not realize is there’s more power available from those DNGs.
你能得到比Camera Raw和Lightroom提供的更大的功能
Than either Camera Raw or Lightroom offers
这种优势是通过DNG色彩配置文件编辑器完成的
and it’s available in the form of a pretty esoteric utility–
——一种限于圈内人所知的工具
called the Adobe DNG Profile Editor.
听起来很可怕 对吧
Sounds scary, right?
如果你看着这个介绍资料
And if you looked at the documentation,
这确实有点吓人
it is a little scary.
但它其实用起来很简单
But it’s actually really easy to use,
并且它将会把你的创造力带到一个新台阶
and it’s gonna take your creativity to a whole new level
还省了很多时间
and save you a bunch of time.
让我向你展示一下它是怎么用的吧
Let me show you how it works.
再说一下 DNG色彩配置文件编辑器是Adobe的一个免费工具
So again, the DNG Profile Editor is a free utility from Adobe.
你只需要谷歌一下DNG Profile Editor
You can just Google DNG Profile Editor,
就会来到我们为Mac或者Windows用户提供的其中一个下载页面
and it’ll take you to one of our pages for Mac or Windows.
你只需要点击那个小小的下载按钮
It’s a small download, you just pull that down.
让我给你们展示一下它的用法
And let me show you how it works.
这挺简单的
It’s pretty straightforward.
当我打开软件时
When I launch,
弹出了这个有些令人生畏的窗口
I get this kind of intimidating window.
实际上我想做的只是打开一个需要处理或者配置的DNG文件
And essentially all I want do is open a DNG file that I want to fix or profile.
所以我要打开这个
And so I’m gonna open this one,
我先解释一下这张奇怪的图片有什么毛病
and let me just explain what’s going on with this strange image.
我用了被修改成适用于数码单反相机的塑料摄像机镜头来拍这张照片
I shot this with a plastic camera lens that was modified to go on to a DSLR.
这带来了一种独特的美感
And it gives you a unique aesthetic,
但它也有点漏光
but it also leaks a bunch of light,
最终造成了这一堆麻烦
and as it turns out creates a bunch of problems.
成为制作一份独特色彩配置文件的绝佳候选
So as a perfect candidate for creating a unique profile.
我其实有很多备选方案
So I have a lot of options here,
但这个真的很直截了当
but this is really straightforward.
我所要做的就是点击图片的一部分
All I need to do is click on part of the image
然后就能看到对应的颜色出现在了左边
and I’ll see all that color will appear on the left.
同样 我们再选其他几个颜色
Let’s just select a couple of other colors as well.
选中植物 再试一下选中砖块的另一种色调
Select the foliage and maybe another tone in the bricks,
同样再试一下更冷的色调
and maybe one of those cooler tones as well.
好了 现在我这有了几种不同的颜色
Ok, so I’ve got a few different colors
接下来就看看我们是怎么办到的
and here’s how it works.
选中我想要的颜色
I select the color that I want
然后调整它的色调
and I adjust the Hue,
饱和度和亮度
the Saturation and the brightness of that color.
再选中那个绿色
So let’s grab the green color,
选择我想要的色调和饱和度
select the Hue that I want, the Saturation,
让它更亮或者更暗
make it lighter or darker.
就这样逐步调试
And I could just step through
直到图片看起来就跟我想要的效果一样
until I get this image looking just the way I wanted.
我原来是想要红色的砖块和普通正常的叶子
I essentially want red bricks and normal-looking foliage.
这可能需要更暗一点
Maybe I want those a little bit darker.
我也需要调整色调曲线
I also want the curve,
我想要对比稍微更明显点 有点阴影
I want this to be a little bit more contrasty, a little darker shadows.
就像在Camera RAW或者Photoshop里面的曲线一样
So just like a curve in a Camera Raw or Photoshop.
我要把左下角拉低一点来让阴影更暗
I’m just grab the lower left to makes the shadows darker.
拖住右上方来让高光部分暗一点
I’m gonna grab the top right to make the highlights darker,
再拖中间部分来加强中间色调
going to grab the middle to bump up the mid-tones,
让图片稍微亮一点
and make it a little bit brighter.
一旦我对成果满意了
Once I’m satisfied with that,
我就可以导出这个配置文件
now I can export this profile.
那么我就来到上面这里 点击导出
So I just come up here and I say Export,
这个文件连接到我拍摄的相机
and this is tied to the camera I shot with,
只能显示来自5D相机的图片
it’ll only work on images from the 5D.
我们就把图片命名为Holga吧
So let’s just call this Holga,
这是改装成适用于我的5D Mark II 相机的Holga塑料镜头效果
it’s Holga plastic lens modified to fit my 5D Mark II.
那么这就是在Camera RAW格式里打开的图片
So here is the image open in Camera Raw.
看得出来这图片不怎么样
You can see it doesn’t look good.
任何尝试改变色彩的做法
And any attempt to shift the Tint,
都让图片看起来不怎么好
that’s really not gonna cut it.
在这儿我没有足够的滑动条
I don’t have enough sliders here.
幸好 我在DNG色彩配置文件编辑器里简直就有上百个滑动条
Luckily, I literally had hundreds of sliders over in the DNG Profile Editor.
我只要点开我的相机标定
So I just come over my Camera Calibration
就会看到Holga选项
and I’m gonna to see a Holga list now.
点击这个
I click on that
现在我的图片看起来就跟我想要的一模一样了
and now my image looks exactly like I want it to.
你的数码单反相机可能没有一个奇奇怪怪的塑料透镜
Now you might not have a strange plastic lens that you’ve put on your DSLR,
但是你可以通过这个技术来拍出专门的黑白照片
but you can use this technology to shoot dedicated black and whites.
或者 你还能拍出跟这台相机完全不一样的效果
Or you can shoot it to make one camera look like another,
比如Icon相机拍出来更像佳能相机 或者反过来
an icon shoot more like canon or vice versa.
更强大的是
And what’s really powerful is
如果你在工作室里拍摄
if you’re shooting in studio,
在固定照明条件下拍摄
If you’re shooting in fixed lighting.
你能设置自己相机的色彩配置
you can profile your camera,
来得到你想要的确切照片效果
so you you get the exact results that you want.
我还没有展示的是
So one of the things I didn’t show you
你也可以拍下一张比色图表
is that you could also shoot a color chart,
把比色图表放在你的照明设备下
put that color chat under your lighting.
把它设置成你想要的效果
You get it set up just the way you want it,
这样 所有从你的相机拍出来的照片
and everything that comes off of your camera
都能够看起来正好是你想要的效果
is going to look exactly how you want it.
这个工具给你带来创作自由并省了大量的时间
So it gives you creative freedom and it saves a ton of time.
所以我真心希望你们能下载这个并尝试一下
So I really hope you’ll pull down to Profile Editor and give it a try.

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视频概述

利用Adobe公司的色彩管理软件轻松快速使用第三方色彩配置文件,或者创造属于自己的色彩配置

听录译者

ccz

翻译译者

One静茹

审核员

瞌睡虫儿

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CzjcqX-eiXo

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