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Photoshop Playbook: How to use Filters in Photoshop (and which not to use)

Photoshop PlaybookHow to Use Filters in Photoshop(and which not to use)
Filter effects are very popular part of Photoshop.
They’ve been with Photoshop since the very beginning.
There are more filters in Photoshop than there ever have been.
所以在咱们的『使用指南』中 我打算带你们快速了解一下
So I thought that take you on a quick walkthrough,
the ones you absolutely need to know about for your Playbook.
Some that aren’t as relevant as used to be
some tips and tricks to ones you may have discarded
and just some general things you ought to know about using filter effects on your images.
Let’s take a look.
好的 那让我们来看一下滤镜菜单
OK. So let’s take a look at the filter menu.
and we can see that there’s all sorts of different controls here.
它们以这种方式排列 在上方一部分滤镜被单独列出
And the way that they are organized is that you have these separate words up here in the beginning
and most of those require an episode entirely of their own.
呃 所以我要着重讲的是下面这些
Um, so I really want to focus on ones down below
不过在此之前 让我们来谈一下这个处于不可用状态的“滤镜库”
but before I do, let’s talk about Filter Gallery which you notice is grayed out here.
Some of these filters are only available if we are in 8-bit mode.
那么一旦我切换到该模式 我们注意到“滤镜库”选项变成可选的了
So as soon as I change to that, we’ll notice that the Filter Gallery is available to me.
在我们开始之前 你可能在想
Now before we’ve been going there, you’re probably thinking
why are you showing me something that’s so old.
嗯 很多时候可能你用了一次“滤镜库” 然后你觉得效果有点过于做作了
Um…chances are you use Filter Gallery once, and you realize it’s a kind of a played out look.
Well, the key to making it work is blend modes.
So if I duplicate the layer first,
然后 来到“滤镜库”
and then, coming to Filter Gallery,
I can see that all of these different effects
当我用混合模式时 它们会变得更有趣
are gonna be a lot more interesting when I play around the blend modes.
Now let’s not talk about any of these color ones.
Let’s talk about somebody is down here
你可能已经注意到了 它们都是黑白的这真的很好玩
which are really interesting except you may have noticed they’re black and white.
其实我喜欢这个效果 但是我不想让它变成黑白的
So actually I like this effect but I don’t like that it is black and white.
所以我们所要做的 就是应用滤镜效果
So, what we wanna do here is Apply that
然后 选择这里的一个混合模式
and then, choose one of our blend modes.
So Soft Light will work really well there.
把图片放大 看一下前后对比
Just zoom in and look at before and after.
Before and after. I’ve got the effect but still off the color.
如果我想的话 我可以通过调不透明度来调整效果
And if I want, I can play around with the opacity to adjust the effect.
这真是一个运用“滤镜库”的好方法 能让图片效果看起来与众不同
Such a great way to use Filter Gallery and make it look a little different.
好 让我们来看看一些其他的滤镜
OK, let’s look at some of the others.
那么继续往下看“滤镜”菜单 “高斯模糊”是一个你非常有必要了解的滤镜
So continuing down the Filter menu, one you really ought to know about is Gaussian Blur.
And this is most useful when using masks.
比如说 我想要快速改变天空的颜色或氛围
So let’s say I wanna just quickly change the color or the mood of the sky.
我可以做个这样的选区 然后如果我选了 嗯 “曲线”
I can make a selection of that, and then if I choose, say, Curves,
you’ll notice we’ve automatically added a mask.
我会演示一些相当极端的做法 这样我们就能看出它的边界
And I’ll do something pretty extreme just so we can see the edges of it.
That’s really change that quite a bit.
好了 看起来不怎么真实因为我们能看得出有明显界线
Alright, not super believable because we can see a hard line there.
但如果选中蒙版 我来到上面的“模糊”这里 选择“高斯模糊”
But if with that mask selected, I come up here to Blur, and Guassian Blur.
现在我就在对蒙版进行模糊处理 如果你看地平线
Now I’m blurring the mask, and if you look at the horizon line,
you can see what’s happening there.
没有模糊 模糊很多 还有在两者之间过渡状态
No Blur, lots of Blur and everywhere in-between.
It’s one of those filters I use all the time and I think you’ll find it to use all the time too.
好 继续 “模糊滤镜库”提供了功能非常强大的滤镜效果
OK, moving down, Blur Gallery gives you also the really powerful hard work of our filters.
These are only available in CC and later, but if you haven’t played around with
this is a great example of a new feature that’s really easy to use.
I’ll just show you one of these.
Iris Blur is my favourite.
It is great for synthesizing a shallow depth of the field.
What I do is just drop the pen, where I want to focus,
I stretch this out.
And now I’ve got a nice shallow of that field
by hit ‘M’ I can see that I’m even creating a mask as I made here.
这些真的很有趣 很有交互性 用起来也很简单
These are really fun, they’re really interactive and they’re really easy to use.
继续往下 你会注意到“扭曲”菜单下有不少很酷的滤镜特效
Continuing down, you’ll notice that the Distort menu gives you also really cool effects.
the thing that I like to show you here is that I find that I used a lot more often is Transform.
so if I hit Commend+A, I’m gonna select my whole image
If I hit Command+T
I am going to come into my transform mode.
and I will notice this little button up here on the horizontal option bar.
It allows me to go to work mode.
Now, this is really cool because I can peel away the corners.
我能选取“自定”“扭转”等这些变形选项 许多不同的效果
I can choose all of these Custom, Warps, all of these different effects.
I find that this is a lot more interactive than the old filters.
它们的功能略有重叠 (扭曲滤镜和自由变换)解决的是相同的问题
Ah, this is a little bit overlap there and that they solve some the same problems,
But I think you’ll find the transform in your image.
Gives you a little bit more control
and it’s actually a little bit easier to use.
So I recommend that workflow over the filter there.
现在 关于“杂色” 这是个很重要的滤镜
Now, with Noises, this is an important one
当需要增加或减少杂色时 我推荐你使用“Camera Raw滤镜”
When it comes to Add Noise or Reduce Noise, I may recommend you to go to Camera Raw.
你可以在Camera Raw里打开你Raw格式以外的图片 并改变文件属性
You can pass your non-Raw files in Camera Raw by changing your File Preference,
如果你使用的是CC或者之后的版本 你能直接限定参数范围
or if you’re in CC or later, you can just bound rates end.
And so what we want to do here is pop over to Effects.
如果你想添加颗粒感 很简单 直接添加即可
And if we want to add grain, it is simple , it’s just throw grain in.
至于为什么要加颗粒感 是为了让照片看起来更像胶片的成片效果
For quick know about grain, I can add grain to give that film-look
but where this is really useful is for compositing.
如果你有两张图片需要合成 并且你希望它们看起来非常自然
If you have two images you want to peace together and you want them really natural.
添加一些颗粒感 往往能带来一些艺术效果
Adding a little bit grain, actually introducing some art effects
或者让两张图片看起来更和谐 非常非常有效
or harmonize the two images works really really well.
And of course if it comes to Noise Reduction
如果你的图片不想要任何噪点 那在Camera Raw中处理再合适不过了
well this image does never allow noise, you definitely want to do that in Camera Raw.
来到列表这里 我想要调出来的就是
Moving down the list here, the one of the thing I wanna make sure that I called out,
is the Sharpen submenu.
There are a lot of different ways to sharpen in Photoshop.
There is exactly one great way to sharpen.
And that’s Smart Sharpen.
我知道“非锐化遮罩”是个有趣的名字 你可能听过
I know that Unsharp Mask is a funny name that you probably heard about it.
其它的滤镜可能处理速度很快 但“智能锐化”却是最强大的
In some of these others are quick, but the Smart Sharpen is most powerful.
那么 为了让这个滤镜发挥出最大作用
Now, in order to get the most out of this particular filter,
you want to make sure you are using it as a Smart Filter.
“智能滤镜” “智能锐化”
Smart Filter, Smart Sharpen.
为了实现效果 我们回到菜单这里然后“转换为智能滤镜”
And to do that, we are gonna come back up here to convert for Smart Filters.
有一个独立的滤镜图层很有必要 这样我们就可以在应用效果之后对效果进行调整
It’s essentially a filter layer, it’s going to allow us to change the filter after the effect.
而锐化就是一个典型的情况 在应用锐化之后你可能会需要调整参数
And sharpening is a great example of something you might want to change later.
因此当锐化时 你总是希望以实际像素大小显示图像
So when sharpening, you always want to be looking at things at a hundred percent.
you always want to make sure you look at the area of you focused
所以在这个图中 我重点关注前景 所以我把这个小方框放在这里
So in this image, I focus in the foreground, so I placed that little box there
现在锐化的太厉害 所以我需要减少参数 我需要把“半径”调低
and the sharpening is turned way way out, so I wanna pull that down. I wanna pull the Radius down
我可以点击“预览”并且查看前后效果对此 之前和之后
And I can click on the Preview and hold to see before and after, before and after.
如果我担心有噪点 我甚至还可以减少杂色
And if I wonder that if there is a noise, I can even reduce that.
I can save presets we don’t have to do the same thing, time again.
I can even combat artfacts in the shadows and the highlights.
This is the deep place to sharp
当我准备好 点击“确定” 如果我想改变参数的话
when I am ready I click OK and if I ever want to change the parameters.
I just double click on Smart Sharpen there.
So that’s a whole bunch of information about a whole bunch of different filters,
but hopefully learned a few things you didn’t know before.
并且学到一些技巧和技法 知道在使用Photoshop滤镜时应该做什么不应该做什么
And some tips and tricks on where to go and where not to go when using filters in Photoshop.
Thanks for watching.