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如何使用滤镜及其注意事项 – 译学馆
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如何使用滤镜及其注意事项

Photoshop Playbook: How to use Filters in Photoshop (and which not to use)

Photoshop使用指南在Photoshop中如何使用滤镜(及滤镜应用误区)
Photoshop PlaybookHow to Use Filters in Photoshop(and which not to use)
滤镜效果在Photoshop中非常受欢迎
Filter effects are very popular part of Photoshop.
它是Photoshop最早版本起就有的功能
They’ve been with Photoshop since the very beginning.
如今Photoshop中的滤镜要比过去多得多
There are more filters in Photoshop than there ever have been.
所以在咱们的『使用指南』中 我打算带你们快速了解一下
So I thought that take you on a quick walkthrough,
你绝对要知道的一些滤镜
the ones you absolutely need to know about for your Playbook.
其中有一些滤镜不如过去那么重要了
Some that aren’t as relevant as used to be
有一些秘诀和技巧你也许已经不用了
some tips and tricks to ones you may have discarded
你应该知道一些如何把滤镜效果用在图片上的通用技巧
and just some general things you ought to know about using filter effects on your images.
让我们看一下
Let’s take a look.
好的 那让我们来看一下滤镜菜单
OK. So let’s take a look at the filter menu.
我们能看到这里有很多不同类型的选项
and we can see that there’s all sorts of different controls here.
它们以这种方式排列 在上方一部分滤镜被单独列出
And the way that they are organized is that you have these separate words up here in the beginning
这些当中的大多数要想讲明白都需要单独一期节目
and most of those require an episode entirely of their own.
呃 所以我要着重讲的是下面这些
Um, so I really want to focus on ones down below
不过在此之前 让我们来谈一下这个处于不可用状态的“滤镜库”
but before I do, let’s talk about Filter Gallery which you notice is grayed out here.
这里一些滤镜只在8位模式下可用
Some of these filters are only available if we are in 8-bit mode.
那么一旦我切换到该模式 我们注意到“滤镜库”选项变成可选的了
So as soon as I change to that, we’ll notice that the Filter Gallery is available to me.
在我们开始之前 你可能在想
Now before we’ve been going there, you’re probably thinking
为什么你要给我们讲这些老生常谈的东西
why are you showing me something that’s so old.
嗯 很多时候可能你用了一次“滤镜库” 然后你觉得效果有点过于做作了
Um…chances are you use Filter Gallery once, and you realize it’s a kind of a played out look.
其实使用滤镜的关键是混合模式
Well, the key to making it work is blend modes.
如果我先复制这个图层
So if I duplicate the layer first,
然后 来到“滤镜库”
and then, coming to Filter Gallery,
我能看到这些五花八门的效果
I can see that all of these different effects
当我用混合模式时 它们会变得更有趣
are gonna be a lot more interesting when I play around the blend modes.
现在我们先不聊那些有色彩的
Now let’s not talk about any of these color ones.
来说说下面的这些
Let’s talk about somebody is down here
你可能已经注意到了 它们都是黑白的这真的很好玩
which are really interesting except you may have noticed they’re black and white.
其实我喜欢这个效果 但是我不想让它变成黑白的
So actually I like this effect but I don’t like that it is black and white.
所以我们所要做的 就是应用滤镜效果
So, what we wanna do here is Apply that
然后 选择这里的一个混合模式
and then, choose one of our blend modes.
那么“柔光”效果用在这里很不错
So Soft Light will work really well there.
把图片放大 看一下前后对比
Just zoom in and look at before and after.
之前和之后我既得到了这个效果还保留了色彩
Before and after. I’ve got the effect but still off the color.
如果我想的话 我可以通过调不透明度来调整效果
And if I want, I can play around with the opacity to adjust the effect.
这真是一个运用“滤镜库”的好方法 能让图片效果看起来与众不同
Such a great way to use Filter Gallery and make it look a little different.
好 让我们来看看一些其他的滤镜
OK, let’s look at some of the others.
那么继续往下看“滤镜”菜单 “高斯模糊”是一个你非常有必要了解的滤镜
So continuing down the Filter menu, one you really ought to know about is Gaussian Blur.
配合蒙版使用效果最好
And this is most useful when using masks.
比如说 我想要快速改变天空的颜色或氛围
So let’s say I wanna just quickly change the color or the mood of the sky.
我可以做个这样的选区 然后如果我选了 嗯 “曲线”
I can make a selection of that, and then if I choose, say, Curves,
你会注意到我们已经自动添加了一层蒙版
you’ll notice we’ve automatically added a mask.
我会演示一些相当极端的做法 这样我们就能看出它的边界
And I’ll do something pretty extreme just so we can see the edges of it.
这真的改变挺大的
That’s really change that quite a bit.
好了 看起来不怎么真实因为我们能看得出有明显界线
Alright, not super believable because we can see a hard line there.
但如果选中蒙版 我来到上面的“模糊”这里 选择“高斯模糊”
But if with that mask selected, I come up here to Blur, and Guassian Blur.
现在我就在对蒙版进行模糊处理 如果你看地平线
Now I’m blurring the mask, and if you look at the horizon line,
你就能看得出发生了什么
you can see what’s happening there.
没有模糊 模糊很多 还有在两者之间过渡状态
No Blur, lots of Blur and everywhere in-between.
这就是我一直以来常用的滤镜之一我觉得你也会经常用得到的
It’s one of those filters I use all the time and I think you’ll find it to use all the time too.
好 继续 “模糊滤镜库”提供了功能非常强大的滤镜效果
OK, moving down, Blur Gallery gives you also the really powerful hard work of our filters.
这些只在CC及之后更新版本中有但如果你还没有用过这个
These are only available in CC and later, but if you haven’t played around with
接下来这个示例就展示了一个非常简单好用的新特色
this is a great example of a new feature that’s really easy to use.
我只给你们演示其中一个
I’ll just show you one of these.
“光圈模糊”是我的最爱
Iris Blur is my favourite.
用它来合成浅景深的效果非常好
It is great for synthesizing a shallow depth of the field.
我所要做的就是在想要成焦的地方点一下
What I do is just drop the pen, where I want to focus,
把它往外拉
I stretch this out.
现在我得到了一个非常棒的浅景深效果
And now I’ve got a nice shallow of that field
按下“M”键可以看到我在这里创建了一个蒙版
by hit ‘M’ I can see that I’m even creating a mask as I made here.
这些真的很有趣 很有交互性 用起来也很简单
These are really fun, they’re really interactive and they’re really easy to use.
继续往下 你会注意到“扭曲”菜单下有不少很酷的滤镜特效
Continuing down, you’ll notice that the Distort menu gives you also really cool effects.
而我要向你展示的(不是这些滤镜而)是我更常用到的一个功能“自由变换”
the thing that I like to show you here is that I find that I used a lot more often is Transform.
用“commend+A”全选整张图片
so if I hit Commend+A, I’m gonna select my whole image
再按下“commend+T”
If I hit Command+T
就可以进入自由变换模式了
I am going to come into my transform mode.
我们注意到上面水平选项条这里有个小按钮
and I will notice this little button up here on the horizontal option bar.
它能让我进入工作模式
It allows me to go to work mode.
那么这真的很酷因为我能把这些角折回来
Now, this is really cool because I can peel away the corners.
我能选取“自定”“扭转”等这些变形选项 许多不同的效果
I can choose all of these Custom, Warps, all of these different effects.
我发现它的交互性比那种老式滤镜更强
I find that this is a lot more interactive than the old filters.
它们的功能略有重叠 (扭曲滤镜和自由变换)解决的是相同的问题
Ah, this is a little bit overlap there and that they solve some the same problems,
但我觉得你还是能找到适合你图片的变形效果的
But I think you’ll find the transform in your image.
给你更多的操控性
Gives you a little bit more control
也更加易于使用
and it’s actually a little bit easier to use.
所以我推荐使用“自由变换”的工作流程而不是滤镜
So I recommend that workflow over the filter there.
现在 关于“杂色” 这是个很重要的滤镜
Now, with Noises, this is an important one
当需要增加或减少杂色时 我推荐你使用“Camera Raw滤镜”
When it comes to Add Noise or Reduce Noise, I may recommend you to go to Camera Raw.
你可以在Camera Raw里打开你Raw格式以外的图片 并改变文件属性
You can pass your non-Raw files in Camera Raw by changing your File Preference,
如果你使用的是CC或者之后的版本 你能直接限定参数范围
or if you’re in CC or later, you can just bound rates end.
我们要做的是直接来到“效果”选项
And so what we want to do here is pop over to Effects.
如果你想添加颗粒感 很简单 直接添加即可
And if we want to add grain, it is simple , it’s just throw grain in.
至于为什么要加颗粒感 是为了让照片看起来更像胶片的成片效果
For quick know about grain, I can add grain to give that film-look
但它真正有用的地方还是影像合成
but where this is really useful is for compositing.
如果你有两张图片需要合成 并且你希望它们看起来非常自然
If you have two images you want to peace together and you want them really natural.
添加一些颗粒感 往往能带来一些艺术效果
Adding a little bit grain, actually introducing some art effects
或者让两张图片看起来更和谐 非常非常有效
or harmonize the two images works really really well.
当然如果说到“降噪”
And of course if it comes to Noise Reduction
如果你的图片不想要任何噪点 那在Camera Raw中处理再合适不过了
well this image does never allow noise, you definitely want to do that in Camera Raw.
来到列表这里 我想要调出来的就是
Moving down the list here, the one of the thing I wanna make sure that I called out,
“锐化”的子菜单
is the Sharpen submenu.
在Photoshop里有很多不同的锐化方式
There are a lot of different ways to sharpen in Photoshop.
其中一个尤为好用
There is exactly one great way to sharpen.
它就是“智能锐化”
And that’s Smart Sharpen.
我知道“非锐化遮罩”是个有趣的名字 你可能听过
I know that Unsharp Mask is a funny name that you probably heard about it.
其它的滤镜可能处理速度很快 但“智能锐化”却是最强大的
In some of these others are quick, but the Smart Sharpen is most powerful.
那么 为了让这个滤镜发挥出最大作用
Now, in order to get the most out of this particular filter,
你需要确保你像使用“智能滤镜”那样应用它
you want to make sure you are using it as a Smart Filter.
“智能滤镜” “智能锐化”
Smart Filter, Smart Sharpen.
为了实现效果 我们回到菜单这里然后“转换为智能滤镜”
And to do that, we are gonna come back up here to convert for Smart Filters.
有一个独立的滤镜图层很有必要 这样我们就可以在应用效果之后对效果进行调整
It’s essentially a filter layer, it’s going to allow us to change the filter after the effect.
而锐化就是一个典型的情况 在应用锐化之后你可能会需要调整参数
And sharpening is a great example of something you might want to change later.
因此当锐化时 你总是希望以实际像素大小显示图像
So when sharpening, you always want to be looking at things at a hundred percent.
你总想确保你能够看清自己关注的区域
you always want to make sure you look at the area of you focused
所以在这个图中 我重点关注前景 所以我把这个小方框放在这里
So in this image, I focus in the foreground, so I placed that little box there
现在锐化的太厉害 所以我需要减少参数 我需要把“半径”调低
and the sharpening is turned way way out, so I wanna pull that down. I wanna pull the Radius down
我可以点击“预览”并且查看前后效果对此 之前和之后
And I can click on the Preview and hold to see before and after, before and after.
如果我担心有噪点 我甚至还可以减少杂色
And if I wonder that if there is a noise, I can even reduce that.
我可以保存当前设置而不需要下一次重复同样的操作
I can save presets we don’t have to do the same thing, time again.
我甚至可以改变高光和阴影区域的细节表现
I can even combat artfacts in the shadows and the highlights.
这是需要深度锐化的地方了
This is the deep place to sharp
当我准备好 点击“确定” 如果我想改变参数的话
when I am ready I click OK and if I ever want to change the parameters.
只需要双击“智能锐化”这里
I just double click on Smart Sharpen there.
那么以上就是关于这一大堆滤镜的介绍啦
So that’s a whole bunch of information about a whole bunch of different filters,
希望你能够学到新知识
but hopefully learned a few things you didn’t know before.
并且学到一些技巧和技法 知道在使用Photoshop滤镜时应该做什么不应该做什么
And some tips and tricks on where to go and where not to go when using filters in Photoshop.
感谢观看
Thanks for watching.

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视频概述

新版的ps里面的滤镜非常多,视频将为大家介绍一些典型滤镜,以及使用滤镜的通用思维方法

听录译者

真皮沙发

翻译译者

AF

审核员

NL

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M9y-7_c5G1o

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