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用两张有缺陷照片合成完美的照片 – 译学馆
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用两张有缺陷照片合成完美的照片

Photoshop Playbook: Get a Great Group Shot with Two Photos

PS手册之融合两张有缺陷的照片来得到一张完美照片
Photoshop PlaybookGroup Shot: Merging 2 ‘okay’ Photos to Make 1 Great Photo
有一个问题我认为是我们每个人都遇到过的
So, here’s a problem I think everyone has bumped into.
你给多个人同时拍照时
You take a picture of more than one person,
其中一个人在这张照片里看起来很好 但另一个人在另一张照片里看起来很好
and one of them looks good in one picture, and the other one looks good in another picture.
我想给你展示一下如何用PS把他们两个人处理到一张看起来很棒的照片中
I want to show you how to bring both of them together into one image that looks great using Photoshop.
我们从Bridge开始 我只需要点击其中一张照片 然后按下空格键来预览它
We’re gonna start here in Bridge, and I’m just gonna click one of these images and hit the spaces bar to preview that.
这里的问题很明显 我妈妈在这张照片里面眨眼了
And the problem is pretty obvious here.My mom is blinking in the shot.
但是我儿子和我爸看起来都很好
But my little boy and my dad look great.
如果我按方向键切换到下一张照片
If I use the arrow to advance to the next shot,
可以看到我妈妈看起来很棒 但是我儿子没在看镜头
My mom looks great. My little boy is looking off the camera.
让我按下ESC键
Let’s hit the Escape key,
然后现在我们按住Shift键 再选定这两张照片
and now we’re just gonna Shift+Click, to select both of those.
我们依次找到“工具”->“Photoshop”选项
We’re gonna come up to ‘tools’ ->’Photoshop’
然后选择“将文件载入Photoshop图层”选项
and ‘load files into Photoshop layers’
它就会启动Photoshop软件 然后把这两张照片放到两个图层中
It’s gonna launch Photoshop, and put both of those images into layers.
现在 如果我切换视图 可以看见这里有我的照片 但是它们并没有被对齐
Now, if I toggle that, I’ll see that I’ve got my images, but they’re a little bit out of alignment
所以我按住Shift键 再选中这些图片
So I wanna Shift Click those,
然后依次找到“编辑”->“自动对齐图层”
and come up to ‘edit’ ->’auto-align layers’.
我直接接受这里的“自动”默认选项
I’m just gonna leave this to auto,
然后让Photoshop寻找这两张照片的共同内容
and let Photoshop find common content between the two.
如果我切换视图 可以看见它们被很好地对齐了
If I toggle this, I’ll see they are perfectly aligned.
这里的想法是 把你想进行删减的图片放在顶层 你应该选中那张照片
And the thinking here, is you wanna put the image you’re going to cut through on top. You wanna select that one.
这一张就是我想进行删减的图片
So this is the image, that we want to cut through
选中了它之后 我要点击这里的“添加蒙版”图标
With that selected, I’m gonna click on the ‘Mask’ icon here
然后在这个图层上添加一个图层蒙版 现在我要选择我的笔刷
and add a mask to that. Now I wanna choose my brush,
我可以按下Ctrl+Option组合键
and what I wanna do is to use Ctrl+Option
或者是Ctrl+Alt组合键 然后左右拖动鼠标来调整笔刷大小
or Ctrl+Alt, and drag left right to resize the brush.
如果我想调整笔刷硬度
If I want to adjust idensity,
我可以按住Ctrl+Option组合键或者Ctrl+Alt组合键并拖动鼠标
I can drag up and down, with those Ctrl+Option, or Ctrl+Alt keys held down.
调整到一个中等大小的笔刷 这里我需要确认的是
Go for a medium brush. There the thing I want to assure
我的颜色 我的前景色被设置为黑色
is that my color, my foreground color is set to black.
我可以在底部这里切换前景色和背景色
And I can toggle those right here in the bottom.
前景色设置为黑色之后
With that set to black,
我只需要找到这张图片
I just take that image
在上面涂抹 她的眼睛就睁开了 真的很简单
paint over it, and her eyes pop right open, really easy to do
然后让我给你展示另外一个操作流程 直接在Photoshop里面操作 稍有不同
So let me show you another workflow, from within Photoshop, slightly different.
我找到“文件”菜单项
I come to the ‘file’ menu,
往下找到“脚本”展开栏
come down to ‘scripts’
然后选择“将文件载入堆栈”选项
and ‘load files into stack’
一样的概念 只是名字不一样
Same idea, different name.
点击“浏览”按钮
I’m going to browse
选择我要的图片 按住Shift并选中这些图片
choose the images that I want, just going to Shift Click those
点击“打开”按钮 这里我要勾选
click open, and here I’m gonna say,
“尝试自动对齐源图像”复选框 它就会自动为我完成这一步
‘Attempt to automatically align those images’, so do that step for me
这些是未加工文件 Photoshop会把它们放到这里
These are raw files, Photoshop is going to bring’em both in here
它会自动对齐图像
It’s gonna align them automatically
可以看见当它们自动对齐时–这个功能很方便–
And I’ll see when they align–that they were handheld–
靠边上这个图形重叠的边界告诉我这一块范围是无法对齐的
this overlapping area around the edges shows me that they’re definitely out of alignment
如果我切换视图 可以看见
And if I toggle them I’ll see
在这张图片里面 我喜欢这个正看着我的狮子
that in this image, I like the lion that’s looking at me
但是当我看背景时
but if I look in the background
这个图片 唔 右边这只狮子正在看别处
the image, uh, the lion in the right, he’s looking away
而在前景图中 右边这只狮子又有一点太朝向我
where image in the foreground, the lion to the right is looking a little towards me
所以这一张就是我要进行删减的图片
So that’s the one that I wanna cut through
这里又可以看到这只看着我的狮子
So that I, again, can see the one looking at me
我选择这张要添加蒙版的图片
I select the image that I wanna mask through,
然后创建图层蒙版
then I create a mask,
确保我的笔刷大小合适 前景色为黑色
make I sure I’ve got my brush, set to black
然后我只需要涂抹一下这里
and I’m just gonna paint over this
由于所有的内容都对齐了
and because all of the content is aligned,
所以底部的图片与顶层的图片融合得非常好
it matches up really nicely
就是这样 很普遍的问题 大家都遇到过
So, really common problem, everyone’s bumped into that
实际上在Photoshop里面非常容易解决 只要你知道正确的步骤即可
really really easy to solve in Photoshop, if you know the right steps
这是部可以加入你的播放列表的好视频
That’s a great one to add to your playbook.

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视频概述

用自动对齐和图层蒙版功能来实现两张照片的拼合,得到一张完美的照片。

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赖皮

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=umd4m5RVyYc

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