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为照片增加纹理 – 译学馆
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为照片增加纹理

Photoshop Playbook: Adding Texture to Photographs

Photoshop教程
Photoshop playbook
为照片增加纹理
Adding Texture to Photographs
给图片增加纹理的理由有很多
There are very different reasons that you might want to add a texture to your image
本例 我想给图片增加一种纹理 可以把光滑的竹制盒子
In this case I want to add a texture so that a kind of blend the smooth bamboo box
和粗糙的纸质纹理混合
into the rougher coarser paper texture behind
我还要增加一种次要的纹理 以便于在顶部增加些水滴的效果
I also want to add a secondary texture to add some water drops on top
将两张图片混合在一起的最简单方法——
The easiest way to blend two images together
我们先把纸质纹理的图层设为可见
in fact let’s go ahead and make this paper texture visible
——是直接使用图层混合模式
it’s simply use a blend mode
你可以看到 这些图层混合模式是分组归类的
and you notice these blend mode are grouped together
最上面一组混合模式会使图像颜色变得更深
So the top group of blend mode will always make a darker image
因为它会使用所有待混合图层里的较暗色值
because it’s taking the darker of the values of all of the different layers that are being blended
如果我从下一组里选择 图像的亮度就会提高
If I select from the next group, my image is always going to get lighter
然而 如果我从第三组里选择
If I select, however, from the third group,
现在我可以给我的图像增加点对比度
now I’m able to add a little bit of contrast in my image
因为Photoshop会使图像颜色两极分化
Because Photoshop splitting up the image
暗的将会变得更暗 亮的将会变得更亮
the darks will get darker and the lights will get lighter
我们先从叠加开始吧
Let’s start with Overlay
但我觉得它的锐度有点过高
although I think that effect is a little bit too harsh
所以我打算将它削弱一些 让光线更柔和
so I might want to step it down to soft light
如果我想削弱更多 我可以拖动这个不透明滑块
If I want to step it down even more of course I can use the Opacity slider
现在 让我们继续 只要放大一点点
for now let’s go ahead and just zoom in a little bit
看看前后效果对比
to see the before and after
好了 这是应用纹理后的效果
So here it’s what the texture applied
而这是应用前的效果
and here is without the texture
我比较喜欢这种给竹子添加纹理的方式
So I like the way the texture is being added to bamboo
同样背景也被添加上了纹理
and also it’s being added to the background
但背景会削弱纹理
which is kind of breaking up that coarse texture
我甚至不介意纹理被添加到蜗牛上
and I don’t even mind that it’s been added to the snails
所以让我们继续 先缩放
So let’s go ahead and zoom out
唯一可能让我感到我烦恼的
The only thing that might be bothering me
是它同样使图片覆盖上一层蓝色
is the fact that it also took on this blueish cast
但我并不是很担心
but I am not really gonna worried about that
因为如我们所见 我将要添加的下一个图层
as we can see the this next layer that I am going to add
颜色是偏黄的 所以当我在蓝色上面叠加一层黄色时
is quite yellow, and so when I overlay the yellow on top of blue
这将会中和蓝色图层导致的偏色
it’s going to sort of negate the color shift of the blue
这是我的水滴素材
So here are my rain drops
我会再次使用图层混合模式 在下面找到“叠加”
Again, I’ll use the blend mode and then come down to overlay
我觉得图片的锐度有点过高
I think that is little too harsh
于是我们可以选择“柔光模式”
So let’s select soft light
顺便说一下 可以使用快捷键
By the way there’s some keyboard shortcuts
如果你按键盘“V”键 你就可以使用移动工具了
if you tap the 「V」key so that you have the move tool
然后你可以向上或向下切换混合模式
you can then move down or up through the Blend Modes
按住键盘上的“shif”和“+”键 就能向下切换
Using the 「Shift 」key and the 「Plus 」key , in order to take you down through the Blend Modes
而按住“shift”和“-”键 就能向上切换混合模式
or the minus key to take you up through the Blend Modes
现在 让我们再次放大图片
Now, let’s zoom in again here
现在 我对雨滴添加在盒子上及背景上的效果
now I like the way that the water droplets are being added to the box
感到很满意
and also to the background
但在本例中 我并不喜欢这个纹理添加在蜗牛上的效果
But in this case I don’t like the way that they’re being added to the snails
所以我把图缩放
So I’ll zoom out
再敲击“L”键 选择我的套索工具
I’ll tap the 「L」key to grab my Lasso tool
然后 我将蜗牛壳周围粗略地圈出来
and then I’m going to make a rough selection here just around the snails
当我绕了一圈回到起点
Cause when I get back to the beginning here
再释放鼠标(左键)确定选区
I can simply release my mouse to connect that last side
但是我需要虚化选择区域的边缘
But I need to soft the edge of this selection
所以在”选项”之下的菜单中 选择“修改” 然后“羽化”
So underneath the select menu will choose the modify and then feather
我想添加一个较大的羽化范围
And I want to add a rather large feather
可能在一百像素左右
maybe around a hundred pixels
而那将保证 在我们即将处理的区域与不做改变的区域
and that’ll just make sure that we don’t see a really sharp edge between the area
之间没有明显边界
that we’re going to manipulate and the area that we’re not.
我的第一直觉可能就是添加一层蒙版
Now my first instinct might be to add a layer mask
那我们就来看看如果加上了这层蒙版会怎么样
but watch what happens if I add a layer mask
首先这和我们期待的效果恰恰相反 但那不是问题
first of all it comes in inverted but that’s no problem
(因为)在属性面板上 我们可以反转这个效果
on the properties panel we can invert that
但是你会注意到 这不仅将水滴隐藏起来了
But you’ll notice that not only are the raindrops hidden
也将黄色叠加效果隐藏起来了
but the yellow color cast is also hidden
所以这使得我在那个区域隐藏的图层
so it makes it very obvious
变得特别明显
that I’m hiding this layer in that area
因此让我们换种做法
So let’s do this instead
我将会删除这层蒙版
I’m going to delete this layer mask
然后使用“选择”菜单
and then use the select menu
重新选择我刚刚的选区
to re-select that selection that I just made
这一次 我不是增加一个全图层蒙版
and this time instead of adding a mask to hide the layer all
而是将使用“滤镜”菜单
I’m going to do is go to the filter menu
选择“模糊”选项中的“高斯模糊”(一种滤镜功能)
Choose blur and then gaussian blur
然后我将模糊蜗牛的这片区域
and I’m going to blur the area inside of the snails
你会注意到 这里是使用高斯模糊后的一个效果预览
So you’ll notice that I get a preview here in gaussian blur
但是如果我将我的鼠标放置在蜗牛所在的区域上
but if I position my cursor over in the snails area
我就选择了那块区域
I’ve got that square
如果我点击那里 它就会显示出那片区域的预览效果
if I click there, it displays that area here in the preview
好了 现在我们可以看到
So now we can see
我添加的这个微妙的羽化
that this nice subtle transition that
效果非常不错
that feather that I added
这使所选的区域变得模糊
It’s allowing the inside area here to blur
但所选范围之外的区域
but the outside area out of the selection
不受影响
is remaining untouched
好了 我们点击“OK”按钮
So we’ll click [OK]
我们继续 取消选区
I’ll go ahead and deselect
现在 通过打开或关闭这个眼睛图标
and now by toggling on and off the eye icon
我们就可以看到修改前后的对比
we can see before and after
只有蜗牛周围的水滴可见
and the raindrops are only visible
蜗牛之上的水滴则不可见
around the snails not on top of them
所以这就是一个在Photoshop上使用混合模式
So here you go, an easy way to use Blend Modes
为你的图像快速增加纹理的简单方法
in Photoshop in order to quickly add textures to your image

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视频概述

本视频为你介绍了一个简单而有效的增加照片纹理的方法

听录译者

陈小米

翻译译者

AF

审核员

审核员QH

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QzBJvHqQfCQ

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