未登录,请登录后再发表信息
最新评论 (0)
播放视频

100个必须知道的英语单词最后十个的发音教学

PERFECT ENGLISH – 10 must-know English words! | Rachel’s English Pronunciation | Top 100 words

今天 我们将要进入
Today,you are getting the next video
100个最常用英语单词系列
in the 100 most common words in English series.
第十集
This is video 10,
这集中 我们将学习最后10个单词
where we will be covering the last 10 words,
也就是最常用英语单词列表中的第91到100个
that is 91 through 100 in the most common words in English list.
在这个系列里 我们将学习词汇真实的发音
In this series, we’re studying the real pronunciation.
这种发音可能和你在英语课上学到的不同
This is likely different from what you learned in English class.
比如 在美式英语中
You see, in American English,
我们有各种单词不需重读 甚至还要略读
we have all sorts of words that are unstressed or even reduced:
那就意味着我们改变了发音
that means we change the pronunciation.
这套100个最常用美语单词课
The set of the 100 most common words in American English
包含了许许多多略读词汇
contains many, many words that reduce.
如果你没有看过第一个视频
If you haven’t already seen video 1
以及这个系列里其他视频
and the other videos in this series,
我强烈建议你从第头开始
I do suggest you start there.
这些视频都是循序渐进的
These videos build one on top of the next,
所以点击这里观看第一个视频
so click here to watch video one.
Rachel的美式英语发音指南
Rachel’s English American English Pronunciation Guide
在最后这个视频里
In this final video,
我们的确有一些很棒的略读
We do have a a couple of great reductions.
但第1个单词 系列中第91个 是不略读的词
But our first word, number 91, isn’t a word that reduces.
这个单词是even
The word is’even’
它可以做形容词 副词 或动词
And it’s an adjective, an adverb, or a verb.
所以是个实义词 在句子中通常需要重读
So a content word, usually stressed in a sentence.
但当我写例句时 我在想怎么会
But as I wrote sample sentences, I was thinking about how
有时甚至实义词似乎也不重读
sometimes even content words seem unstressed
因为一个句子中有许多其它重读词汇
because there are so many other stressed words
更加被强调 更需要重读
that are more stressed in a sentence.
首先 我们一起来学习单词重读
First,let’s study word stress.
这是一个双音节单词
It’s a two-syllable word,
其重读音在第一音节 元音E上
with stress on the first syllable the E vowel.
[i] even [i]
Ee. Even, ee.
舌尖向下
The tongue tip is down,
抵住下齿背面
touching the back of the bottom front teeth,
舌前部向上弓起
and the top front part of the tongue arches
抵到上颚 [i]
towards the roof of the mouth, ee.
嘴角稍稍向外拉伸
The corners of the lips may pull out a bit.
[i] Even 然后是[v] 非重读元音 以及[n]
Ee. Even.Then we have V, schwa, N.
当非重读元音紧接n时
When the schwa is followed by N,
它就被n吸收掉了
it’s absorbed by it,
所以没必要发出非重读元音
so you don’t need to try to make a schwa sound,
再发[n]音
then an N sound.
你可以从“V”音直接过渡到“N”音 [vn][vn][vn]
You can think of just going straight from V right into N, vn, vn, vn.
发音平促 声调低沉 迅速发声
It’s flat, low in pitch, and said very quickly.
这是个非重读音节
It’s an unstressed syllable.
即使在我们的重读单词中
Even in our stressed words,
非重读音节发音也是急促 且不那么清晰的
unstressed syllables are fast, less clear.
Even, even.
Even, even.
让我们来看一些例句
Let’s look at some sample sentences.
I didn’t make much money, but I did break even.
“I didn’t make much money, but I did break even.”
Even numbers can be divided by two.
“Even numbers can be divided by two.”
Even, even.
Even, even.
在这两句中 even发音都较长更较清晰
In both of these sentences, the word was longer and clearer.
但是我们来看一下另外两个句子
But let’s look at two other sentences.
“This one’s even better.”
“This one’s even better.”
这句中“THIS”和“BETTER”读得更重些
Here,THIS and BETTER are more stressed,
语调为UH-uh-UH
the flow goes UH-uh-UH.
This one’s even better.
“This one’s even better.”
“BETTER”比“EVEN”更重要
BETTER is much more important than EVEN,
所以”better”读得更重
so I stress that more.
“This one’s even better.”
“This one’s even better.”
这使得“Even”像是不被重读
This makes’even’ feel unstressed.
This one’s even, even, even.
This one’s even, even, even.
This one’s even better.
This one’s even better.
你能听出来它音调多么平淡
Do you hear how it’s flatter
并且没有升降调变化吗
and doesn’t have the up-down shape?
This one’s even, even, even, even, even, better.
This one’s even, even, even, even,even,even,better
这就意味它并没有重读
That means it’s unstressed.
I don’t even know what to do.
I don’t even know what to do.
I don’t even know what to do.
I don’t even know what to do.
even, even, even
even, even, even
I don’t even know.
I don’t even know.
I don’t even, even, even, even.
I don’t even, even, even, even.
“Even”比“KNOW”和“DO”读音弱 模糊
Unstressed, less clear than KNOW and DO.
I don’t even know what to do.
I don’t even know what to do.
even, even, even
even, even, even
这使even听起来是非重读单词
This makes EVEN feel unstressed.
同那些拉长了并有升降调变化的重读音节形成了对比
The contrast with the longer, up-down shape of those stressed syllables.
那么你怎么确定它什么时候要重读呢?
So when should you make sure to make it stressed?
答案是当它是动词或者在动词词组中的时候
I would say when it’s a verb or a phrasal verb.
但当它作为修饰动词的副词时
But if it’s an adverb describing a verb,
或者修饰其他形容词的形容词时
or an adjective describing another adjective,
就可以不重读
then you can make it unstressed.
因为它所修饰的动词或者形容词更需要重读
Because the verb or adjective it’s describing will be more stressed.
以下为重读还是弱读
Stressed or unstressed:
Evev, even, Even, even.
Even, even. Even, even.
第92个 单词new
Number 92. The word NEW.
这是一个形容词
This is an adjective.
它是个实义词 需要重读
It’s a content word, it’s stressed.
如果你查字典 有的字典
If you look it up, depending on the dictionary,
可能会说它有两种发音
it might say that this word has two pronunciations.
事实上这不太对
That’s not really true.
我们只使用一种发音
We only use one,
就是辅音[n]和元音[u]拼在一起 [nu] [nu]
and it’s N consonant and u vowel.New, new.
字典可能标出了另一种发音 [njuː]
The dictionary might give an alternate pronunciation, new,
其中双元音ew的发音和few中的发音一样 [njuː]
with the EW diphthong like in ‘ few ’, new,
但我的确没有听过任何人使用这种读音
but I really have not heard anyone use that pronunciation
无论在日常对话 工作 甚至正式英语中
in conversational or business or evenmore formal English
New. New.
New.New
开始发[u]的音时 不要把嘴唇
You don’t want to start with your lips
紧绷成圆形 [nu][nu]
in a tight circle for [u]. [nu], [nu],
那听起来不太对
that’s not quite right.
首先放松唇部
Start with your lips more relaxed,
然后发出元音[u] [nu]
then bring them in for the u vowel. New,
new, new.
new, new.
我们来看一些简单例句
Let’s look at some sample sentences.
There’s a new idea.
There’s a new idea.
I lost my new camera.
I lost my new camera.
She has a new book coming out.
She has a new book coming out.
new new 用起伏音调去重读
new, new, up-down shape of stress,
发音拉长一点
a little longer, it’s one of
这是句子中发音比较清晰的单词之一
the more clear words in the sentences.
第93个单词want
Number 93, the word ‘want’.
之前 我们在学第58个单词时提到过
Now, we mentioned this when we were looking at number 58,
在单词him的例句中
the word him, in the sample sentence,
We want him to succeed.
“We want him to succeed.”
我们之后会重温这一例句
So we’re going to re-visit that sample sentence.
但是 首先我们先讨论
But first, let’s talk about
它是实义词还是功能词
is it a content word or a function word.
在句子中它通常会被重读 还是轻读
Will it generally be stressed, or unstressed in a sentence.
它是一个动词 也可以作名词
It’s a verb, or it can also be a noun.
这些都是实义词
Those are content words,
所以这个词在句中通常重读
So this word is usually stressed in a sentence.
对于重读单词 我们通常不略读
With stressed words, we don’t really reduce,
不会省略或者改变发音
we don’t drop or change a sound.
但偶尔也有例外
But every once in a while we do,
而want就是这种情况
and ‘ want’is one of those words.
它是个实义词 是需要重读的
It’s a content word, it’s stressed,
但是 省掉结尾的T音仍是很普遍的
but still, it’s not uncommon to drop the T at the end.
我们来看例句
Let’s look at our sample sentence,
We want him to succeed.
We want him to succeed.
Want him, want him.
Want him, want him.
want重读了 但t没有发音
Want is stressed, but there’s no T.
him中的h不发音 这是个很常见的略读
I’m dropping the H in him, a very common reduction,
然后我们将两个词语连读
and we link the two words together,
want him, want him, want him.
want him, want him, want him.
这样做是很普遍的
It’s common to do this
当下一词开头是元音或双元音时就这样读
when the next word begins with a vowel or diphthong:
I want everyone to be there.
I want everyone to be there.
t不发音
No T.
Want everyone, want everyone.
Want everyone, want everyone.
I want her to do better.
We want her to do better.
Want her, want her.
Want her, want her.
省略h音 现在want后面直接接上元音
Dropping the H, ‘ want’is now followed by a vowel,
所以t也不能发音
and so I dropped the T.
Want her, want her.
Want her, want her.
I want another one.
I want another one.
Want another, want another.
Want another, want another.
t不发音
Dropped T.
这些例句中even都被重读
In all of these sentences it was stressed, longer,
拉长了发音 用起伏音调发音
with the up-down shape of stress.
但同时一部分被略读了
But,at the same time it was reduced.
t音被省略掉了
The T was dropped.
如果下个单词以辅音开头会怎样呢
What if the next word begins with a consonant?
那样的话我们就会发一个闭塞音
Then we make that a Stop sound.
就像以n’t结尾时
Just like with N’T endings
这个n把它变成了一个鼻塞音
It’s a nasally stop sound because of the N,
want want nt nt nt nt nt
want,want,nt,nt, nt, nt, nt.
所以就像你读n一样
So as you’re making the N,
你会阻断气流而突然停止发音
you make an abrupt stop by the air stopping airflow.
Want, want.
Want, want.
那就是塞音
And that’s the stop sound.
I want that.
I want that.
Want that.
Want that.
I want that I want this one, want,nt,nt, nt, want
I want that I want this one, want, nt, nt,nt, want
好了 我们讲尾音讲了很久了
Ok, we’ve talked about the ending a lot,
那么单词的其他部分呢
what about the rest of the word?
从辅音字母w开始
It begins with the W consonant,
你可以选择两种元音发音
then you have your choice of two vowels,
根据字典 要么发father中的[ɑ]要么发law中的[ɔ]
AH as in FATHER or AW as in LAW, according to the dictionary.
两个都试试看[ɑ]father [ɑ][wɑ] [wɑnt] [wɑnt]
Let’s try them out, AH, Father, AH, wa-, want, want.
或者发[ɔ] law [ɔ] [wɔnt] [wɔnt] [wɔnt]
Or AW, LAW, AW, Want, Want, want.
两种读法都可以
Those both work,
但我也听到过许多美国人读
but I also hear a lot of Americans saying
[wʌnt] [ʌ] [wʌ] [wʌnt]
‘ want ’,ah , wa.
这是我的读法 读butter中的[ʌ]
this is what I do, with the UH as in BUTTER vowel. Waa–,
[wʌ] [wʌnt] [wʌnt]
want, want.
“I don’t want that” [wʌnt] [wʌ]–[wʌnt]
I don’t want that, want, waaa–, want, want.
所以有三种元音发音可选
So you have your choice of three vowels.
你应该很熟悉缩写的wanna
You’re also probably familiar with the reduction ‘wanna’.
这是want+to 然后去掉t
This is want + to, and we drop the T.
我认为在这个略读中
I think in this reduction,
[ʌ]的元音特别常用 [wʌnə][wʌnə]
it’s especially common to use the UH vowel, wan na, wan na.
I know, they ‘wanna’ see you.
I know, they ‘wanna’ see you.
Wanna.
Wanna.
所以我们可能会略读一个需要重读的词汇
So a stressed word, but we might reduce it.
第94个单词是一个经常被略读的功能词
Number 94, a function word that does often reduce,
单词because
the word ‘ because ’.
就像单词want一样
Just like with the word ‘ want’the stressed
这里的重读音节可能和father中的元音[ɑ]读音一样 [bɪ’kɑz]
syllable here might be pronounced with the AH as in FATHER vowel, because,
也可能发成law中的[ɔ] [bɪ’kɔz]
the AW as in LAW vowel, because,
或者butter中的[ʌ] [bɪ’kʌz]
or the UH as in BUTTER Vowel, because. Because,
[bɪ’kʌz] [bɪ’kʌz]
because, because.
但这个词是连词 介词
But this words is a conjunction, a preposition,
这是个功能词
that is a function word,
所以我们经常略读它
and so we often reduce it.
我们读得很快 且没那么清晰
We say it really quickly and not too clearly,
我们会改变它的读音 甚至把重读音节
and we change it, even the stressed syllable,
发成非重读元音
to be the schwa.
[bɪ’kəz] [bɪ’kəz] [bɪ’kəz] [bɪ’kəz] [bɪ’kəz]
because, because,because, because, because.
或者更进一步
OR we go even further,
第一个音节不发音 读做[kəz] [kəz]
and we drop the first syllable, cuz, cuz.
你可能看到人们写cuz
You’ve probably seen people write C-U-Z,
我不喜欢这样
I don’t like that.
尽管略写非常普遍 但我不喜欢
I don’t like writing reductions, though it’s really common.
然而略读很棒
But speaking reductions, that’s great.
这是英语妙处所在
That’s wonderful English.
我们来看一些例子
Let’s look at a few example.
We’re late because there was a traffic jam. [kəz] [kəz]
We’re late ‘cuz’ there was a traffic jam. Cuz, cuz.
late [kəz]
Late cuz.
我也可以说
Or I could say,
“We’re late because there was a traffic jam”
we’re late because there was a traffic jam.
[bɪ’kəz] [bɪ’kəz] [bɪ’kəz]
Because, because, because.
一个音节或两个音节 两者皆可
Either way, one syllable or two,
它被弱读 略读 不发出完整的读音
it’s unstressed, reduced, not fully pronounced.
They’re staying home ‘cuz’ of the storm.
They’re staying home ‘cuz’ of the storm.
“she’s grounded ‘cuz’ of her grades”
She’s grounded ‘cuz’ of her grades.
“grounded”意思是“遇到麻烦 遭受限制”
‘Grounded’ means in trouble, facing restrictions,
通常指因孩子不守规则或有不良行为
usually this is something parents do to teenagers
父母会对孩子做出的一些惩罚
for breaking rules or bad behavior.
这就是[kəz]或[bɪ’kəz]两种略读形式
The ‘cuz’ or because reduction.
第95个单词是any
Number 95, the word ‘any’.
这个单词在句子中可以重读也可以弱读
This word can be stressed or unstressed in a sentence,
但不能略读
but it doesn’t reduce.
我们不省略或者改变发音
We don’t drop or change a sound,
只通过改变发音的特性来重读或弱读
we just make the quality different to make it stressed or unstressed:
[‘εni](重读)对[‘εni](弱读) [‘εni]
ANY vs. any. any.
这个单词作为形容词修饰名词时
We would stress this word when using it
我们会重读
as an adjective describing a noun:
Any kid would love that.
Any kid would love that.
什么样的小孩子?
What kind of kid?
Any kid.
Any kid.
At any rate, that’s a good deal.
At any rate, that’s a good deal.
Any kid,any rate.
Any kid, any rate.
否则 不重读:Do you get any better?
Otherwise, it can sound unstressed: Do you feel any better?
FEEL any BETTER?
FEEL any BETTER?
feel any any any any any
Feel any, any, any, any, any.
跟feel和better相比 any在这句里没有起伏
There it’s not that up down shape here compared to FEEL and BETTER:
feel any better? any any any any
Feel any better? any,any, any, any.
音调更低 也更平 不重读
Lower in pitch and flatter. Unstressed.
我们也用“any”表示未知的数量
We also use ‘any’ for an unknown amount.
那么它听起来不重读“Do you have any money?”
Then it sounds unstressed: Do you have any money?
have any, any, any, any
Have any, any, any, any.
Do you have any time?
Do you have any time?
Any any any 读的很快 音调低平 any any
Any, any, any, said quickly, flat and low in pitch. Any,any.
读音:和bed这个单词一样的元音[ε][εn]
The pronunciation: We have the EH as in BED vowel, EH,
辅音[n]以及弱读的[i] [‘εni] [‘εni]
eh-n, the N consonant and an unstressed E. [enɪ] [enɪ]
any(重读)或any(弱读)
Any or any.
第96个单词 哇 我们快讲完了!
Number 96, wow, we’re getting close to the end!
第96个单词是these
Number 96 is ‘these’.
这个单词可以是重读或弱读
This word can be stressed or unstressed,
这取决于它的用法
depending on how it’s being used,
但是 我们不会略读它
but,we don’t reduce it.
发声的th音 元音[i] 弱化结尾 [ðiz]
Voiced TH, EE vowel, weak ending these.
我想指出这个单词弱读时
I want to point out that when this word is unstressed,
甚至说任何时候只要它不在意群开头时
I’ll even say any time it doesn’t begin a thought group,
通常都会稍微含混带过th的发音
it’s common to cheat the pronunciation of the TH a little bit.
对我们来讲它听起来仍然像th
It still sounds like a TH to us,
但我们发音时
but we’ll make it
不必将用舌头穿过齿间
without bringing the tongue tip through the teeth:
[ðiz] [ðiz]
These, these.
我们像这样读 [ðiz] [ðiz] [ðiz]
We make it like this. These, these, these.
舌尖就在牙齿后方
The tongue tip is just behind the teeth, the,
[ð] [ð] [ðiz]
the, the, these,
然后舌尖收回发原音e
then it pulls down for the E vowel.
你可能会看见我的舌头在牙槽后
You might see my tongue behind the teeth,
[ð] [ðiz] [ðiz]
the –, these, these
但我不会真的把舌头顶出来
But I’m not really bringing it out.
[ð] [ð] [ðiz]
tttttthhhhese these.
而是these these these
Instead It’s these, these, these.
对于非英语母语者来讲 这是很重要的一个窍门
This is an important shortcut for none -native English speakers.
因为很多人会努力发出完整的th音
since so many of them struggle with the full pronunciation of the TH sound. Th,
[ð] [ð] [ð] [ðiz] [ðiz]
Th,th,th,these,these.
舌尖不是在嘴巴上颚处
The tongue tip isn’t at the roof of the mouth,
也不要朝下
and it’s not pointing down.
而是抵住牙齿后方 然后撤回
It’s pressing the backs of the teeth and then pulling away.
[ðiz] [ðiz]
These these.
我们来看一些例子
Let’s look at some examples.
首先 th不重读的句子:
First, sentences where they’re not stressed:
Everyone wants one of these.
Everyone wants one of these.
these these these
These, these, these.
We need these to be cut in half.
We need these to be cut in half.
These, these,these.
These, these, these.
简单的th音舌尖不用穿过牙间
Simple TH pronunciation where the tip does not come thru.
现在我们来重读它
Now lets make it stressed,
比如在句首:
like at the beginning of the sentence:
These are great.
These are great.
These people need help.
These people need help.
these these
These, these,
舌尖穿过牙间 声音有起伏
Tongue tip is coming through and we have that up-down shape,
读得更长 更清晰
a little longer, a little clearer.
these
These.
第97个单词 give
Number 97, give.
这是一个动词 动词是实意词
This is a verb, and verbs are content word,
表示它们会被重读 但不会略读
which means they’re stressed and they don’t reduce
只有某些特定的单词会被略读
Except certain ones can reduce,
单词give就是其中之一
and this is one of them.
Give 辅音[g] 元音[ɪ] 辅音[v]
Give, G consonant, IH vowel, V consonant.
I’ll give you that for your birthday.
I’ll give you that for your birthday.
Give.
Give.
I’ll give you.
I’ll give you.
重读 完整发音
stressed, fully pronounced.
We’re going to give her a discount.
We’re going to give her a discount.
Give give 再强调一下 重读且完整发音
Give,give, again stressed and fully pronounced.
但是与单词me搭配时 通常会一起略读
But with ‘me’, it’s common to reduce this.
give仍然是动词且仍重读
It’s still a verb and it’s still stressed,
但是我们去掉最后的v音:
but we drop the final V sound:
Give me that.
Give me that.
[gɪ]重读 但没有[v]音
Gi– stressed, but no V.
give me, give me that
Give me, give me that.
事实上有时候你会看到这种写法gimme
In fact, sometimes you might see it written GIMME.
Gimme gimme gimme
Gimme, gimme, gimme.
Gimme that.
Gimme that.
Can you gimme more time?
Can you gimme more time?
音节gi仍被重读 [gɪ]
So the G-I syllable is still stressed, gi —
即使我们去掉了尾音v
even though we’re dropping the final V.
这就像单词want
This is just like ‘want’.
这是个实义词
It’s a content word,
一个重读单词 但是 在特定情况下
a stressed word, and yet, in certain cases,
我们去掉尾音
we drop the final sound.
有趣吧?
Isn’t it interesting?
当你学习美国人真正讲话的方式
As you study how Americans really speak,
你会发现完整发音
you see that the full pronunciation
往往不是最自然或常见的发音
often isn’ t the most natural or common pronunciation.
如果你学习的都是书本上的读音
If all you learned was the book pronunciation,
你会经历一段相当困难的时期
you’d have a pretty hard time
才能把句子说得更地道自然
putting sentences together naturally
这问题就是这系列视频所想解决的
That’s what this video series is about.
让你了解到在英语中并不总是
Getting you to see it’s not always
完整的 清晰的发音
about a full, clear pronunciation in English.
让我们继续吧
Let’s keep going.
第98个是单词day
Number 98, the word ‘day’.
这一直是个名词 且总是重读
This is always a noun, and it is alwaysstressed.
我们不略读它!
We don’t reduce it!
在我们目前学过的所有
Out of all of the most common words
最常用的 差不多100个单词里
that we’ve studied so far, almost 100
这仅仅是第25个从不弱读且从不略读的
this is only number 25 that is never unstressed or reduced
哇!
Wow!
辅音[d] 以及与say中读音一样的双元音[eɪ]
D consonant, AY as in SAY diphthong.
首先张开你的下巴 [eɪ]
First drop your jaw, a-,
然后将舌头前半部分弓起
then arch the top front part of the tongue
顶住嘴巴上颚
towards the roof of the mouth
然后下巴放松
and the jaw relaxes up.
[eɪ] day day
Ay, day, day.
I need another day to finish.
I need another day to finish.
What day is he coming back?
What day is he coming back?
Let’s call it a day.
Let’s call it a day.
day day 有重读的起伏变化 读得长而清晰
Day, day, up-down shape of stress, longer clearer.
最后一个句子 Let’s call it a day
That last sentence, let’s call it a day,
是一个俗语 表示
is an idiom that means
让我们停止我们手上的活儿
Let’s stop doing what we’re doing.
它常指工作
It usually refers to work.
举例 假如我工作直至深夜
For example, if I’m working late at night,
戴维可能会来我办公室 说
David might come up to my office and say,
Rachel,why don’t you call it a day?
Rachel, why don’t you call it a day?
第99个单词是most
Number 99, the word ‘most’.
它可以作为语句中的许多不同的成分
This can be several different parts of speech,
但都是被用作实义词
but all uses are content words.
所以这个单词通常被重读
So this word is generally stressed.
但因为末尾字母组合方式
But it still might get a small reduction,
它仍然可能有小小的略读
and that’s because of the ending cluster.
这就像第88个词first或者第57个词just
This is just like number 88, first, or number 57, just.
当单词后接着辅音时
When the word is followed by a consonant,
t常常不发音
it’s common to drop the T.
Most people like it.
Most people like it.
Most people
Most people.
Most people
Most people.
It’s the most challenging part.
It’s the most challenging part.
Most challenging Most challenging
Most challenging Most challenging
Most people, most challenging
Most people, most challenging.
t不发音 因为它在两个辅音之间
We drop this T because it comes betweentwo consonants
有时候我们这么做是为了让表达更流畅
and sometimes we do that to make speech smoother.
让两个单词之间的过渡更顺畅
To make the transition between two words smoother.
如果一个单词后跟着一个
If the word is followed by a word
以元音或者双元音开头的单词
that begins with a vowel or diphthong,
或者在你意群的末尾
or at the end of your thought group,
那么的确要发出T
then do make the T:
I got most of the question out.
I got most of the questions right.
在这里它后面有元音
Here it’s followed by a vowel.
Most of the most of the most
Most of the, most of the, most,
我读出了t音
and I’am making a T.
most most
Most.Most.
辅音[m] 双元音[əʊ] [məʊ]
M consoant, OH diphthong, mo-.
下巴下拉然后嘴唇成圆形 [əʊ] [məʊst]
Jaw drop then lip rounding Mo-, most.
然后是辅音组合st
Then the ST cluster.
[məʊst]
Most.
第100个 最后一个单词!us
Number 100! The final word! Us.
这是个代词 是功能词
This word is a pronoun, a function word,
因此 一般不被重读
and so it’s not normally stressed.
它是弱读的
It’s unstressed.
They took us to the movies.
They took us to the movies.
took us, [əs], [əs], [əs]
Took us, us, us, us.
They give it to us for our anniversary.
They gave it to us for our anniversary.
Give it to us, [əs] [əs] [əs] [əs]
Gave it to us, us, us, us, us.
你可以把它写成国际IPA音标的非重读元音加s
You could write this in IPA as schwa-s.
完整发音时 它是butter中的[ʌ]加s
Fully pronounced, it’s UH as in BUTTER – s.
[ʌs] [ʌs] [ʌs]
us, us, us.
但弱读时[əs] [əs] [əs]
but unstressed, us, us,us.
如果这是句子中最后一个单词 我会重读它
If it’s the last word in a sentence, I would stress it:
This belongs to us.
This belongs to us.
有语调起伏地重读
up-down shape of stress.
但是通常[əs] [əs] [əs] 弱读
But usually, us, us, us, unstressed.
音调放平 读的很快
Flat in pitch said very quickly.
哇!这就是整个词汇清单
Wow! There it is, the whole list,
100个最常见的英语单词
the 100 most common words in English,
美国人如何读它们
how Americans pronounce them.
我着手这个项目
I started this project
是为了向学生们说明英语中频繁使用的略读
to show students how frequently we reduce words,
以及单词重读和弱读的对比
and the contrast of stressed and unstressed words.
我觉得这个词汇表中还有很多内容有待学习
I feel like we still have a lot to learn from this list.
我们一起再学一个视频吧
Let’s do one more video together,
我们会整体看一遍单词清单
where we look at the list as a whole
并且提出帮助你发音的策略
and come up with your pronunciation strategies.
和我一起学习这系列里的最后一个视频
Join me for the last video in this series,
这视频将会在东部时间下周二早上更新
which will coming up next week, Tuesday morning eastern time.
本期课程就到这啦 非常感谢观看《瑞秋英语》
That’s it, and thanks so much for using Rachel’s English.

发表评论

译制信息
视频概述

专业老师教你发音,10个美式发音单词教学,掌握美式口语中的重读、略读、连读技巧

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

卡比

审核员

审核员_AL

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IEFxRv7AsmE

相关推荐