ADM-201 dump PMP dumps pdf SSCP exam materials CBAP exam sample questions

运筹学的起源 – 译学馆
未登录,请登录后再发表信息
最新评论 (0)
播放视频

运筹学的起源

Operational Research 'ORigin Story'

运筹学学会
Operational Research began
第一次世界大战时
in the First World War when science was introduced in order to
科学被用于优化军事部署
improve on military operations.
运筹学开始发展
In February, 1917,
1917年2月
German U-boats intensified their assault
德军的U型潜艇加强了
on the Britain’s Atlantic supply line,
对英国大西洋补给线的攻势
sinking 1 in 10 ships sailing every month.
每个月都能击沉十分之一的补给舰

British scientists analysed all available data
英国科学家们分析了所有可用的数据
and created the best possible model
建立了一个尽可能好的模型
to help the convoy survive.
来帮助护航队躲过攻击
They were optimized for size, speed
舰队的规模 行驶速度
and timings for sailings.
和出发时机 都得到了优化
Just six months later,
仅仅六个月后
losses were down to remarkable 1 in 200,
战损率就显著地下降到两百分之一
not only saving lives,
这不仅挽救了很多士兵的生命
but critically contributing to
更为英国在一战中的存活
the survival of Great Britain.
做出了重要贡献
By 1934,
到了1934年
analysts had identified a new problem.
研究员们发现了一个新问题
Simulation showed that in the event of war,
模拟场景显示 在战争中
German bombers could easily deliver
德国轰炸机能轻而易举地
a knockout blow.
重创敌人
By 1938, this knockout blow
到1938年 德军甚至可以
could be delivered in just 24 hours.
在短短24小时内完成一次致命轰炸

The British government asked a group of scientists
英国政府要求一队科学家研究
to explore the feasibility
是否有可能
of using radio waves to create a “deathray”,
用无线电波发射出一种“死亡射线”
which could shoot down or cook approaching bombers.
从而击落或者炸毁靠近的轰炸机
Instead, scientists demonstrated
然而 科学家们发现
how radio waves could detect and range aircraft
无线电波能够检测到飞机的位置 并且计算距离
and radar was born.
所以雷达就这样诞生了
However, technology alone was not enough.
然而 只掌握技术是不够的
Working in close partnership with RAF officers,
这个新团队和英国皇家空军的官员们紧密合作
the new team was able to combine scientific research with operational experience
在科学研究中加入了运筹学的知识
to create the greatest air defense system in the world.
从而建立起世界上最好的空防系统
This groundbreaking approach was rapidly integrated
这种开创性的手段很快就被运用于
to a network of both military and civilian defense assets.
军用及民用的国防网络之中
With operational research,
在运筹学的帮助下
it enabled the earliest possible detection
雷达可以尽可能早地侦测到敌机
and interception of enemy aircraft.
从而对其进行拦截
By the Battle of Britain,
到不列颠战役时
radar had increased Fighter Command’s defensive capability
雷达已经让英国空军的防守能力
by a factor of 10
提升了十倍
and operational research double this
而运筹学的引入让这个数字再翻一番
to a factor of 20.
达到了原来的二十倍

In 1948, the Operational Research Club was founded,
1948年 运筹学俱乐部成立
which 5 years later became Operational Research Society.
五年后发展为运筹学学会
After the war, the scientists and officers
在战后 这些参与了运筹学研究的
involved in this pioneering approach
科学家和官员们
found jobs in government,
进入了各个行业工作 包括政府
manufacturing
制造业
banking,
银行业
health services,
医疗服务业
business,
商业
transport,
交通运输业
defence,
国防
sport, and well beyond,
体育行业等等 数不胜数
taking the knowledge and insight
他们的运筹学知识和见解
of operational research with them,
也一并被带到了这些领域中
where it has been solving problems
此后 运筹学就一直帮助人们解决问题
and supporting decisions with science ever since.
并且为决策过程提供科学依据

发表评论

译制信息
视频概述

运筹学原本起源于战争时对军事行动部署的优化研究。在二战后,运筹学逐渐进入民用领域,继续为复杂问题寻找最优解、优化系统效率。

听录译者

小鸭

翻译译者

Dormiveglia

审核员

审核员BA

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ILWbaWrjgU4

相关推荐