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只有3%的人能通过的创造力测试

Only 3% of people pass this creative test, can you?

思考这个只有3%的人能解答的谜题
Consider this riddle which only 3% of people can solve.
想像你是一个医生 你的一个病人即将死于肿瘤
Imagine you are a doctor and one of your patients is about to die from the tumor.
你不能实施手术
You can’t perform surgery,
但你有一个能集中高强度射线摧毁肿瘤的射线枪
but you do have a ray gun which can focus a high intensity ray to destroy the tumor.
那么问题来了
Now, there is a problem.
由于光线强度过高 暴露在光线下的健康组织也会受到损伤
At this high intensity the ray will also damage the healthy tissue it passes through.
如果你降低光线强度 虽然能保留健康组织 但它不再有能量去破坏多余的肿瘤
If you try to lower the intensity while the healthy tissue is safe, it no longer has the energy to destroy the actual tumor.
那么怎样才能在不损害健康组织的情况下破坏肿瘤呢?
So how can you just destroy the tumor without damaging the healthy tissue?
你可以暂停视频来思考这个问题
You can pause the video to think about it.
这个解决办法非常巧妙
The solution is very clever.
在病人周围安装十支射线枪 并将每个射线枪强度设为10%
Mount ten ray guns around the patient and set each ray’s intensity at 10%.
然后 当你聚焦射线枪时 它的低强度不会损害到健康组织
Then when you focus the ray guns its low intensity won’t damage the healthy tissue.
但是它聚焦的辐射强度足以破坏肿瘤
But when combined the radiation is high enough to destroy the tumor.
思考解决这个问题的答案需要有创造性的洞察力
Now that answer required a creative insight to solve it.
但重要的是 你可以看到如何在现实生活中应用它治疗癌症
But, what importantly you can see how it can be applied to the real life problem of treating cancer.
他们所展示的是创造力并不仅仅是局限于艺术的东西
What they show is that creativity is not just limited to artsy things.
它对生活的方方面面都很重要
It’s important to almost every aspects of life.
从科学突破到创造笑话 创造下一个顶尖的商业经营理念
From breakthroughs in science to creating jokes to producing the next top business idea.
事实上 IBM公司2010年对CEO的调查发现
In fact, IBM’s 2010 survey of CEOs found that
创造力被认为是成功最重要的品质
creativity was ranked as the most important quality for success.
所以废话不多说 这里是提高创造力的3大秘诀
So with that being said here are the top 3 tips for improving your creativity.
1 放松 而不是集中精力
1. Relax, rather than concentrating harder
有没有想过为什么那么多好的主意是从长时间的淋浴中想出来的呢?
Ever wonder why so many good ideas are said to have come during long hot showers?
那么 当我们把精力集中在问题的细节上时
Well, when we concentrate our minds focus on the exact details of the problem.
注意力过度集中导致的思想狭隘性 使我们无法跳出单个的问题去思考
This narrow tunnel of attention stops us from thinking outside the box.
然而 当我们放松时
However, when we relax,
我们的思绪会变得开阔 看似随意的灵感开始在脑海中浮现
our attention broadens and the seemingly random thoughts start entering our minds.
正因此我们的想象有着各种各样的可能性
It is because of this that we imagining a wider range of possibilities
并能以新颖的方式组合思想
and can combine these thoughts in novel ways.
现在越来越多的研究者 将更广泛的注意力与创造力联系起来
Now, multiple studies have linked broadening of attention to creativity.
但最有趣的是ADHD患者在创意测试中表现更好
But the most interesting is how ADHD subjects perform better in creative tests.
并且比对照组有更多现实生活的创造性成果
And have more real life creative achievements than control subjects.
在这里 注意力缺陷能帮助他们创造出更多的创意
Here, the attention deficits accurately help them create more original ideas.
像谷歌这样的公司已经意识到这一点
Companies like Google have realised this
并鼓励他们的员工在感到卡壳时休息一下
and encourage their employees to take a break whenever they feel stuck.
但这并不是说 你应该完全放飞注意力
Now, this isn’t to say you should completely lose focus.
然而 你不应该这么固定 以至于你不能考虑更多模糊的可能性
However, you shouldn’t be so fixed that you can’t consider more obscure possibilities.
2 不要害怕冒险
2. Don’t be afraid to take risks.
很多时候是他们害怕犯错的心理 阻止了我们真正的创造性
A lot of the times the fear of making a mistake stops us from being truly creative.
考虑这项研究 说唱歌手进入FMRI扫描 开始做一些即兴自由说唱
Consider this study, rappers got into an FMRI scan and start doing some free star rapping.
当他们这样做时 你会看到背外侧前额叶皮层的活动减少
When they do, you’ll notice decreased activity in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex.
这部分大脑负责自我监控和创新
The part of the brain responsible for self monitoring and innovation.
同样的事情当你要求爵士乐手即兴演奏时也会发生
The same thing happens when you ask jazz players to improvise.
现在 这也许有些明显
Now, this might be a bit obvious.
当然 如果想提出新的 打破传统的想法 我们必须承担风险
Of course we have to take risks if we want to produce new and unconventional ideas.
事实上 更容易承受压力的人不太可能有创造性
In fact people who are more susceptible to peer pressure are less likely to be creative.
但好消息是仅仅告诉人们要有更利己和独立的想法
But, the good news is that merely telling people to be more individualistic and independent
就会在创造力测试中表现更好
in their thinking leads to better performance on tests of creativity.
这个实验支持了创造力并不是与生俱来的天赋
This supports the idea that creativity isn’t some talent you are born with.
而是可以改进的技巧这一观点
It’s a skill that can be improved.
所以 当你想变得有创造力的时候 不必担心会犯错
So don’t worry so much about making mistakes when you are trying to be creative.
3 把问题留在第二天解决
And 3. sleep on it.
令人惊讶的是 仅仅小睡一下就能增加你突破创造性障碍的机会
Surprisingly, merely taking a nap increases your chances of breaking through a creative block.
在一个实验中 参与者会被给出这个问题
In one experiment, participants were given a problem
并帮助跳出盒子去寻找隐藏的抽象规则
and had to think outside the box to find the hidden abstract rule.
与那些睡不着觉的人相比
Compared to those who stayed awake,
参与者睡觉后重新思考这个问题
participants who slept and returned back to this problem
对的几率是对方的两倍
were twice as likely to gain insight.
心理学家认为这是因为潜伏期效应
Psychologists believe this happens because of the incubation effect.
当我们休息时 大脑的潜意识仍然在处理这个问题
When we take a break the unconscious mind is still working on the problem
重新组合思想并产生新的想法
and recombining thoughts to produce novel ideas
事实上Paul McCartney说yesterday那首歌的旋律来自他梦中的灵感
In fact, Paul McCartney said the melody for the song Yesterday came to him in a dream.
现在这一切听起来有点假 很伪科学
Now this all sounds a bit fake and pseudoscience.
然而 关于潜伏期的30个不同研究
However, a meta-analysis of about 30 different studies
的荟萃分析发现 这种现象确实起了作用
on the incubation effect found this phenomenon definitely had an effect.
所以休息一下或者小睡一下 做一些你内心需要的事情
So, take a break or nap next time you need insight.
这些就是提高你创造力的3大窍门
And those are the top 3 tips to improve your creativity.
[音乐]
[Music]
对那些还在观看的人来说 这有另一个需要创造力的问题
For those that are still watching here is another creative riddle for you.
只使用6根火柴摆出4个长度相等的三角形
Using only 6 matches create 4 triangles with size of equal length.
如果你认为自己有了答案 请在下面发表评论
Comment below if you think you got an answer.
订阅我们收看更多的视频 感谢观看
Subscribe for more videos and thanks for watching.

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视频概述

创造力到底与什么有关,只有3%的人能通过的创造力测试又有什么奇妙之处?

听录译者

Becca

翻译译者

Claire_Aut

审核员

审核团EM

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aH2ll5bwpKw

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