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No vs Not - 4个主要区别 - Free English speaking Lessons online

No vs Not - Learn 4 major differences - Free English speaking Lessons online

朋友们 你们家养宠物吗?
Hi friends, so do you have a pet at home?
如果有人这样问我
Well, if someone ask me that,
我会说”No.”
I’ll say “No.”
如果要说的更完整的话
And if I make a complete sentence,
我会说”I do not have any pets at home.”
I’ll say “I do not have any pets at home.”
我先说”No.”
First I said “No.”
然后再说”I do not have any pets at home.”
And I said “I do not have any pets at home.”
那么 两者有什么共同之处呢?
So what was common in both the answers.
没错!它们都是否定的意思
You are right! The negative.
现在就让我们来学习何时使用
So let’s learn when to use
这两种否定表达No和Not
the two negative expressions “No” and “Not.”
通常当我们想给个否定答案或回复时
Now often we mean to give a negative answer or reply
有时会感到有些困惑
but sometimes we get a little confused
我到底是该用No还是用Not?
Should I use “No” or should I use “Not”?
那我们来看看两者的使用时机
So let’s see when we use each of them.
现在有人问你一个问题
Now someone asks you a question.
如果只想用一个单音节词
if you just want to keep a monosyllable answer
或一个词来回答
or a one-word answer
你就可以说”No”
you’d say “No.”
比如说 你想跟我们一起去派对吗?No.
Do you want to come with us to the party? No.
星期六想和我们一起出去吗?No.
Do you want to hang out with us on Saturday? No.
你今天要去商场吗?No.
Are you going to the mall today? No.
所以答案只是Yes或No
so it’s just yes or no.
你不能用Not回答这种问题 比如
You cannot answer a question like,
你要去商场吗?Not.
are you going to the mall? Not.
你能回答Not吗?No
can you say “Not”? No.
不能说”Not”
you cannot say “Not.”
所以No是针对简单是非问答
So “No” is for basic yes or no answers.
所以No是针对简单是非问答
So “No” is for basic yes or no answers.
这些是不能用Not来回答的
whereas, you cannot say “not”
这样说不通
It does not make sense.
所以你不能使用Not来回答是非问句
So you cannot use “Not” for a basic yes or no question.
你也不能用No来代替Not
You cannot replace “Not” by “No.”
当你只是想说(不)
so when you just want to say (No)
就说No而非Not
just say “No” and not “Not”
第二句话说这家公司没有对手
The second sentence says that the company has no rivals.
仔细看 你会发现
Now if you see,
表达No在名词Rivals(对手)之前
My negative expression “No” comes before a noun, rivals.
许多Rivals(对手) 在名词前不加冠词
Yeah, many rivals, comes before a none without an article.
冠词就是“A, An, The.”
An article is a, an, the.
所以“the company has no the rivals.” 这是错的
So the company has no the rivals. It’s wrong.
在名词前用No时 不加冠词
So use “no” before nouns without an article.
那么 我能说“my friend has no brains.”吗?
So can I say, my friend has no brains.
同样 我在名词Brain(头脑)前用No不加冠词
again, I use “no” before a noun brain without an article.
所以 “my friend has no brains”是对的
So my friend has no brains, okay.
那么 你不能说“the company has not rivals.”
Now, you cannot say the company has not rivals.
你能那样说吗?不能
Can you say that? No.
因为这样说不通
Because it doesn’t make sense.
所以要记住
So remember in a sentence,
在句中的名词前用No不需要加任何冠词
use “no” before a noun without any articles.
下面让我们看看怎么使用Not
Let’s see how we use “not”.
“The virus is not the cause of the disease.”
The virus is not the cause of the disease.
你看到此处用了Not
If you see “not” here,
Not要放在有冠词的名词前
I have used it before a noun with an article.
所以原因 有很多原因所导致
So cause, there are many causes one cause.
Cause是名词
“Cause” is a noun.
所以名词前要加冠词
So noun and you have an article here.
所以“the virus is not the cause of the disease.”
So the virus is not the cause of the disease.
那我可以说“the virus is no cause of the disease”吗?
Can I say, the virus is no cause of the disease?
No是疾病的原因吗?不
Is no the cause of the disease? No.
这样说不通
It does not make sense.
所以在有冠词的名词前要用Not
So use “not” before a noun with an article.
假如 我告诉你
So for example, I tell you
“I did not watch the movie.”
I did not watch the movie.
那么I did not,是not,watch the movie
So I did not, not watch the movie
the movie 对吗?所以你用了”the movie”
the movie, right? So you have “the movie”.
所以我在有冠词的名词前用Not
So I used “not” before a noun with an article.
所以 朋友们请记住
So friends remember,
说“the virus is no the cause.”是不对的
it is not correct to say the virus is no the cause.
因为这样说不通
because it would not make sense.
在有冠词的名词前用Not
Use not before a noun with an article.
所以请记住此原则
So remember these basics.
如你所知 这里还有些其它的基本简单原则
These are you know quick basic easy rules.
下一个原则 当你在否定句中加了动词
The next one. Now when you put a verb in negative.
I’m not coming. You’re not dancing tonight.
I’m not coming. You’re not dancing tonight.
使用Not 比如“I do not have a pen.”
Use “not”. like, I do not have a pen.
“He is not going to mall tonight.”
He is not going to mall tonight.
所以要用Not
So use not.
因为用Not可让动词具有否定的含义
So use not. Because not makes a verb negative.
如果同样的句子 我使用No的话
Now if the same thing and if I have to use “no”
我可以说“I do no have”吗?
can I say, I do no have?
我能这样说吗?当然不能
Can I say that? No.
这样说不通
it does not make sense.
所以记住 No无法使动词具有否定的含义
So remember a no does not make a verb negative
但能使句子具有否定的含义
It may make the sentence negative but not the verb
如果我对你说“Maria is no going.”
or if I tell you, “Maria is no going.”
你可能会想“is no going”是什么?
It would be like, is no going?
当然 这是不对的说法
Of course, this is incorrect.
所以No不能
So “no” does not
使动词具有否定的含义
make a verb negative.
请记住 当你要使一个动词具有否定的含义
So remember when you want to make a verb negative,
比如has not done, won’t, will not go
like has not done, won’t, will not go.
总是用的Not
always use “not”
因为Not使动词具有否定的含义
because it is not, that makes a verb negative.
No根本不能让动词具有否定的含义
“No” does not make a verb negative at all.
好 现在来举个例子
Well, now for example,
我给些物主形容词的例子
if I want to show possessive adjectives.
These are not my socks.
These are not my socks.
My是物主形容词
My is a possessive adjective.
在这里我用了Not
Okay and I have used “not” here,
There are not my socks.
These are not my socks.
所以Not用在物主形容词前
So use “not” before possessive adjectives.
我不能说“There are no my socks.”
I can not say these are no my socks.
我能说“These are no my socks”吗?
Can I say, these are no my socks?
不能 这是不对的 它说不通
No, it’s incorrect. it would not make sense.
所以在物主形容词前用Not
So before a possessive adjective use “not”, okay.
例如 我说“I do not like your handbag.”
So for example, I say, I do not like your handbag.
所以I do not是not like your handbag.
So I do not, not like your handbag.
“your handbag”在这是物主性的词
your handbag, your handbag is possessive.
Your是物主形容词
your is a possessive adjective.
所以你的手提包 我不能说成
So your handbag, I cannot say,
I do no like your handbag.
I do no like your handbag.
这样说不通
It does not make sense.
所以你不能把No用在物主形容词前
So you cannot use “no” for possessive adjectives.
这是错误的
This is incorrect.
所以记住在物主形容词前要用Not
So always remember use”not” before a possessive adjective.
现在 让我们来看一个常用的句子
Now let’s have a common sentence
你该用No的
where in one you can use no
却用成了Not
and if you have to put the same sentence using not,
那该怎么办呢
how do we do it?
我没钱了I have got no money.
I have got no money. I have got no money.
意思就是
Okay, that means
我破产了 所以没钱了
I’m broke so I have got no money.
这样说来 它就是个否定句表达
okay this one way, it’s a negative expression
但是我告诉你“I don’t have any money.”
but I’m telling you, I don’t have any money
如果我用Not替换No
and if I have to use “not”
在类似的句中
in a similar sentence
我会说“I haven’t got any money.”
I’ll say I haven’t got any money
这才是Not的用法
where this is have not.
所以两者皆可用来表达否定 两者都是正确的
So both are fine, both are negatives and both are correct.
如果仔细看I have got no money.
if you go to see, I have got no money
造个否定句
Makes a negative sentence
这里我是通过
and here I’m bringing about
使动词具有否定含义的方法来形成我的否定表达
the negative expression by making the verb negative
就像我说的 要一直谨记
and like I said, remember
要用Not来使动词具有否定含义
always use not to make a verb negative
所以 我说“I have not got any money.”
and I say, I have not got any money.
所以两种表达都是可以的
So both of them are fine
只要你造句时用对了No或Not
as long as you use no or not correctly to construct a sentence.
所以要谨记它们都是否定表达
so remember they both are negative expressions
但是要使用它们的话 一定要在理解这些基本原则
but use them once you understand these basic rules of
何时用No何时用Not
when to use no and when to use not.
好了 朋友们 相信你们已经理解了这些用法
friends, well just to see if you have understood this
我为你们准备了一些小测试
I have a small test for you.
快去做做吧
Go ahead and take it,
让我知道你们的成绩吧
do let me know your scores
之后还会有我的节目
and I’ll be back soon again
那么 再见咯
till then take care and bye.

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视频概述

如何正确使用No和Not

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xcGiQAC0XyI

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