ADM-201 dump PMP dumps pdf SSCP exam materials CBAP exam sample questions

尼采谈超人 – 译学馆
未登录,请登录后再发表信息
最新评论 (0)
播放视频

尼采谈超人

NIETZSCHE ON: The Superman

Nietzsche on: The Superman
尼采谈超人
The concept of the Superman
在哲学中
is one of the strangest, most fascinating ideas in Philosophy.
超人这一概念最为荒诞不经
We find it coined by Friedrich Nietzsche in his book of 1883: Thus Spoke Zarathustra.
我们在尼采1883年出版的书《扎拉图斯特拉如是说》中发现了这个概念
On first hearing it, we can’t help but think of the action hero Superman,
一听到这个词 我们不禁会想到超级英雄“超人”
described by his creators as “faster than a speeding bullet”,
他的创作者将他描述为 “比子弹还快”
“more powerful than a locomotive”,
“比火车头还强大”
and “able to leap tall buildings in a single bound”.
“能一跃跳过高楼”
These are actually very good starting points.
这些其实都是很棒的开端
DC Comics were asking themselves
DC漫画公司一直在问自己
what someone would be like who is physically far superior to all current human beings.
一个身体力量远超现在人类的人 会是什么样子
Nietzsche is asking himself a very similar question;
尼采问了他自己一个十分类似的问题
only, he’s interested in psychological qualities.
只是 他感兴趣的是心理素质方面
In Thus Spoke Zarathustra, Nietzsche points out
在《扎拉图斯特拉如是说》中 尼采指出
that evolution cannot be assumed to have finished.
人们不应该认为自己已经停止进化了
Human beings have evolved from apes.
人类是从类人猿进化而来的
But, what is ape to man? He asks.
但是类人猿对人类而言意味着什么 他问道
In some respects, like imagination and science,
在某些方面 如想像力和科学
we are obviously far superior to our ancestors.
我们显然比我们祖先优越得多
So how might people of the future be superior to who we are today?
那么 未来的人类如何才能超越今天的我们呢?
Nietzsche’s character, Zarathustra’s task is to speculate about
尼采描述的主人公扎拉图斯特拉 试图推测超人
what the superman – the more advanced person of tomorrow – will be like.
即未来最先进的人 会是怎样的
Nietzsche wasn’t interested in massively enhanced brain power,
尼采对大幅提高脑力并不感兴趣
an ability to do hugely complex sums in one’s head,
即一种可以在大脑里做大量复杂运算
or to learn a language in three days.
或是三天学会一门语言的能力
Rather, he was developing a crucial thought experiment:
相反 他进行了一项重要的思维实验——
Suppose we were psychologically superior to people of today, what would we actually be like?
假设我们在精神上领先于现代人 我们会是什么样?
What is the ideal kind of human being?
理想状态的人类是怎样的?
And he came up with a very surprising and challenging answer –
他想出了一个令人震惊又不可思议的答案
Nietzsche’s strategy for answering his own question was to identify the person he most admired,
尼采回答自己问题的方法是:找出自己最欣赏的人
the person he thought had the best approach to life,
即那个他认为最善于生活的人
and then hone in on the qualities that made this person the way they were.
然后让自己锻炼出跟这个人一样的品质
He was particularly impressed by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
他对约翰·沃尔夫冈·冯·歌德印象尤为深刻
whom he regarded as the nearest anyone had yet come to being a superman.
他认为歌德是最可能成为超人的人
He also took some hints from Napoleon, Montaigne, Voltaire, and Julius Cesar.
他从拿破仑 蒙田 伏尔泰 凯撒那里也得到了启发
He concluded that Supermen are going to have some wonderful
他的结论是 超人拥有一些奇特的
and sometimes unexpected characteristics.
有时是意想不到的特点
They will: make their own values;
他们会制定自己的价值观
they will be very independently minded;
他们的思想非常独立
they won’t ask “what do other people admire?” and follow along.
他们不会去想:“别人欣赏什么?” 然后随大流
They will carve their own path.
他们会开辟自己的道路
Supermen accept they might need to hurt people in the name of great things.
超人清楚 他们要去成就伟大事业可能得伤害他人
They can be selfish in strategic ways.
他们在战略上可以是自私的
“Greatness” for them will be about the reform of the humanity towards pagan values –
对他们来说 “伟大”是人类对异教价值观的改革
– the values of Goethe.
也就是 向歌德价值观靠近
Supermen will never be resentful of the success of others;
超人永远不会怨恨他人的成功
they will accept suffering as a necessary component of good things.
他们知道 苦难是通往美好的必经之路
They will understand that they’re hard to understand,
他们知道自己很难被他人理解
and therefore, they may often be lonely.
因此 他们经常感到孤独
They will be gentle to towards the weak,
他们对弱者很温和
out of consciousness of their own great strength.
意识不到自己所拥有的强大力量
They will be a little bit wicked around sex by conventional standards.
以传统眼光来看 他们在性方面有些邪恶
They will not be humble, but rather, delight in their own abilities.
他们不会谦虚 相反 他们欣喜于自己拥有的能力
They will be interested in the practical application of culture
他们对文化的实际应用感兴趣
to raise the mentality of society.
以此提高社会心态
Nietzsche thought we would be surprised and sometimes a bit shocked by his list.
尼采认为我们会对他的理念感到震惊
He thought we would be expecting that the super humans of tomorrow would be deeply compassionate,
他认为人们会期待未来的超人富有同情心
very egalitarian, uninterested in rivalry, and perhaps have ambitions to make breakthroughs in science.
崇尚平等 不争不抢 并且志于在科学领域取得突破
But Nietzsche was arguing something else:
但尼采的观点不一样:
that maybe being great involve some qualities that were a bit disturbing;
他认为 伟大可能会包含一些令人不安的品质
and also, that greatness means being interested in the salvation of mankind through culture.
而且 伟大还意味着倾向于从文化中拯救人类
The word superman is useful for getting us to think
超人这个词 能够让我们去思考
about who we would like to evolve into.
我们想要发展成什么样的人
Each of us should, under Nietzsche’s guidance,
在尼采的指引下 我们每个人都认识到
have a sense of what we would like to be,
自己究竟想成为怎样的人
if we could be the super version of ourselves.
我们又能否成为最好的自己
The idea of the Superman helps us to refine our own ambitions.
超人的理念 帮助我们完善了自己的人生方向

发表评论

译制信息
视频概述

尼采提出的超人哲学具有深刻的社会意识,他认为超人是伟大的,伟大当中又包含着其他品质,而每个人都可能成为自己的超人。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

claire

审核员

审核员Y

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bxiKqA-u8y4

相关推荐